State of Conservation (SOC)

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136
Reports
138
Properties
76
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Lack of consolidation and engineering measures
Yes
agra forttaj mahalfatehpur sikriAgra Fort
Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri
india India 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Threats to monuments’ foundations due to geological instability of riverbank
No
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2005 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 2005 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of documentation and equipment
No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2005 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
archaeological site of volubilisArchaeological Site of Volubilis morocco Morocco 2005 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities,
Other Threats: Need to preserve the landscape
No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2005 Management systems/ management plan, No
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2005 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work of the monuments
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2005 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structure of the Fort
No
bam and its cultural landscapeBam and its Cultural Landscape iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2005 Earthquake, Yes
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2005 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas,
Other Threats: a) Absence of any real ecotourism policy and strategy; b) Poor progress recorded in the improvement of the living conditions of the local populations
No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2005 Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Effect on forest biomes through drainage of agricultural land on the Belarus side and a reservoir on the Polish side; b) Presence of an artificial fence along the international boundary impeding large mammal movement.
No
borobudur temple compoundsBorobudur Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Uncontrolled vendors within and around the property
No
butrintButrint albania Albania 2005 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Lack of adequate protection and conservation of the site; b) Poor state of conservation of the property ; c) Insufficient implementation of the recommendations of the joint missions
Yes
canadian rocky mountain parksCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks canada Canada 2005 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Mining, No
champaner-pavagadh archaeological parkChampaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park india India 2005 Management systems/ management plan, No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2005 Legal framework, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Risk of desintegration and destruction of structures, surfaces and decorative art
Yes
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2005 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 2005 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Lack of maintenance of historic buildings; b) Use of reinforced concrete in the centre of town
No
city of graz – historic centre and schloss eggenbergCity of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg austria Austria 2005 Housing, No
city of vicenza and the palladian villas of the venetoCity of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto italy Italy 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
classical weimarClassical Weimar germany Germany 2005
Other Threats: Fire
No
cologne cathedralCologne Cathedral germany Germany 2005 Housing, Yes
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2005 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2005 Civil unrest, Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Subsistence hunting, War,
Other Threats: diminishing protection
Yes
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2005 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property; b) Lack of adequate conservation mechanisms.
No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2005 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Consolidation of the cliffs and nichesb) Lack of a long-term on-site monitoring systemc) Demining
Yes
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2005 Fire (widlfires), Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Temperature change, No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2005 Management systems/ management plan, Pollution of marine waters, No
danube deltaDanube Delta romania Romania 2005 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Surface water pollution, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2005 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Water infrastructure, Yes
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2005 Crop production, Management systems/ management plan, Pollution of marine waters, No
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 2005 Forestry /wood production, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2005 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Disappointment, confusion, suspicion, division and anger within the community
No
etruscan necropolises of cerveteri and tarquiniaEtruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia italy Italy 2005 Management systems/ management plan, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2005 Ground water pollution, Housing, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2005 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Lack of capacity in conservation techniques; b) Lack of monitoring system
Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2005 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration and destruction of the fabric by environmental factors
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2005 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management activities,
Other Threats: Implementation of quarantine measures
No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, War, Yes
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2005 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2005 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: rural poverty
Yes
henderson islandHenderson Island united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2005 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2005 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the civil architecture within the protected areas
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2005 Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre of český krumlovHistoric Centre of Český Krumlov czech republic Czech Republic 2005 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of rigaHistoric Centre of Riga latvia Latvia 2005 Housing, Legal framework, No
historic centre of shakhrisyabzHistoric Centre of Shakhrisyabz uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2005 Earthquake, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2005 Financial resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the monuments in general and the fortification in particular
No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2005 Housing, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 2005 Housing, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2005 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2005 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2005 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the traditional urban fabric
Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Flooding, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2005 Management systems/ management plan, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2005 Commercial hunting, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
imperial palaces of the ming and qing dynasties in beijing and shenyangImperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang china China 2005 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 2005 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Threatened state of the buildings; b) Construction of the replica of the Goree Memoria
No
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2005 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Buildings threatened with collapse
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, War, Yes
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2005 Ground water pollution, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Mining, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2005 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Lack of maintenance of housing; b) Collapse of houses (three dead and others injured in May 2002)
No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2005 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2005 Drought, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2005 Management activities,
Other Threats: a) Structural integrity and stability of the Church of the Transfiguration; b) Deformation of wooden structures.
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Near total abandonment of the site
No
l'viv – the ensemble of the historic centreL'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre ukraine Ukraine 2005 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2005 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Major linear utilities, Surface water pollution, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2005 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Fire; b) Lack of law enforcement
No
lines and geoglyphs of nasca and pampas de jumanaLines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana peru Peru 2005 Crop production, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2005 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Governance, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2005 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Impact of new structure of the Maya Devi Temple in the core area
No
madriu-perafita-claror valleyMadriu-Perafita-Claror Valley andorra Andorra 2005 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
mahabodhi temple complex at bodh gayaMahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya india India 2005 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2005 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Destruction to park infrastructure
Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2005 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
matobo hillsMatobo Hills zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2005 Management systems/ management plan, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2005 Air transport infrastructure, No
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2005 Commercial development, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Progressive deterioration of the built framework; b) Absence of a rehabilitation policy for the Mellah Quarter; c) Continuous collapse of the buildings and advanced deterioration of the maritime part of the fortified wall of the Medina
No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Solid waste, No
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2005 Commercial development, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2005 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
miguasha national parkMiguasha National Park canada Canada 2005 Localised utilities, Oil and gas, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2005 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Leaning of the Minaret
Yes
mount athosMount Athos greece Greece 2005 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2005 Crop production, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2005 Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2005 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, No
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, War, Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2005 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factors; b) Conservation of archaeological heritage; c) Deterioration of monuments; d) Alteration of the built fabric.
Yes
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2005 Housing, No
old town of ávila with its extra-muros churchesOld Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches spain Spain 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Tsunami/tidal wave,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance of historic buildings and lack of control on building activities within the World Heritage historic centre
No
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2005 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Dilapidation of dwellings
No
palace and gardens of schonbrunnPalace and Gardens of Schönbrunn austria Austria 2005 Housing, No
phong nha-ke bang national parkPhong Nha-Ke Bang National Park viet nam Viet Nam 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2005 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pre-hispanic city of teotihuacanPre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan mexico Mexico 2005 Commercial development, Management systems/ management plan, No
purnululu national parkPurnululu National Park australia Australia 2005 Financial resources, Human resources, Mining, No
pyrenees - mont perduPyrénées - Mont Perdu france,spain France
Spain
2005 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2005 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2005 Crop production, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
robben islandRobben Island south africa South Africa 2005 Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Difficulties with operational aspects of maintenance and conservation implementation ; b) Lack of appropriate conservation of the built heritage; c) Lack of integration of natural values in management of site
No
rock drawings in valcamonicaRock Drawings in Valcamonica italy Italy 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
route of santiago de compostelaRoute of Santiago de Compostela spain Spain 2005 Water infrastructure, No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2005 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Serious degradation of nearly 2/3 of the mud-brick constructions
Yes
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2005 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: - Collapsing monuments- No participation of communit
Yes
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2005 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of monitoring system
No
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2005 Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: a) Anti-personnel mines infestation in the park; b) Degradation of lands around the park
No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, War, Yes
samarkand – crossroad of culturesSamarkand – Crossroad of Cultures uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Management activities, No
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2005 Crop production, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex and Simien FoxSoil deterioration.
Yes
škocjan cavesŠkocjan Caves slovenia Slovenia 2005 Renewable energy facilities, No
state historical and cultural park “ancient merv”State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv” turkmenistan Turkmenistan 2005 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Risks of collapse
No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2005 Water infrastructure, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2005 Flooding, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: No protective measures for the buffer zone of the property
Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Wind,
Other Threats: vegetation with roots seriously affecting archaeological remains
Yes
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2005 Housing, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2005 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2005 Crop production, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Tsunami/tidal wave, No
tubbataha reefs natural parkTubbataha Reefs Natural Park philippines Philippines 2005 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2005 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of security due to open trenches and unstable structures
No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 2005 Housing, Management activities, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, War, Yes
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2005 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
w national park of nigerW National Park of Niger niger Niger 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2005 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Input of excess energy, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Mining, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.