State of Conservation
States PartiesAlbania Andorra Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Georgia Germany Greece Holy See Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (484) Housing (325) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (161) Ground transport infrastructure (151) Legal framework (102) Management activities (91) Surface water pollution (84) Illegal activities (79) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (72) Mining (68) Water infrastructure (63) Oil and gas (51) Interpretative and visitation facilities (45) Forestry /wood production (43) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (41) Major linear utilities (39) Deliberate destruction of heritage (36) Financial resources (36) Storms (35) Renewable energy facilities (31) Marine transport infrastructure (27) Earthquake (27) Commercial development (26) Solid waste (26) Water (extraction) (24) Water (rain/water table) (24) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (23) Land conversion (21) Localised utilities (20) Crop production (19) Invasive / alien freshwater species (19) Relative humidity (18) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (16) Input of excess energy (15) Quarrying (15) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (15) Human resources (15) Industrial areas (14) Ground water pollution (14) Pollution of marine waters (14) Air pollution (13) Fire (widlfires) (13) Micro-organisms (11) Underground transport infrastructure (10) Civil unrest (10) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (9) War (9) High impact research / monitoring activities (9) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (8) Non-renewable energy facilities (7) Governance (7) Air transport infrastructure (6) Temperature (5) Flooding (5) Temperature change (5) Wind (4) Subsistence hunting (3) Radiation/light (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Commercial hunting (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Terrorism (2) Other climate change impacts (2) Avalanche/ landslide (2) Pests (1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).