State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
  • Views
  • Exports
153
Reports
159
Properties
86
States Parties
Properties
Categories
Regions
  • Abu Mena (2004)
    Egypt
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Acropolis, Athens (2004)
    Greece
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities
     Read

  • Agra Fort
    Taj Mahal
    Fatehpur Sikri (2004)

    India
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Worrying state of conservation of Agra Fort
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development Financial resources Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (2004)
    Niger
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains (2004)
    China
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Angkor (2004)
    Cambodia
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Antigua Guatemala (2004)
    Guatemala
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Arabian Oryx Sanctuary (2004)
    Oman
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Cyrene (2004)
    Libya
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Uncontrolled growth of plants and trees
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Financial resources High impact research / monitoring activities Housing Human resources Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management activities Management systems/ management plan Micro-organisms Relative humidity Temperature Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (2004)
    Iraq
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Lack of maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Human resources Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Auschwitz Birkenau
    German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) (2004)

    Poland
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (2004)
    Georgia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:High impact research / monitoring activities Management activities Water (rain/water table) Wind
     Read

  • Bahla Fort (2004)
    Oman
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Commercial development Human resources Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Banc d'Arguin National Park (2004)
    Mauritania
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Oil and gas
     Read

  • Białowieża Forest  (2004)
    Belarus
    Poland
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Fencing along the international border
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Air pollution Forestry /wood production Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Temperature change Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Borobudur Temple Compounds (2004)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Brasilia (2004)
    Brazil
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Brú na Bóinne - Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne (2004)
    Ireland
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Localised utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Butrint (2004)
    Albania
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Lack of adequate protection and conservation of the site; b) Serious deterioration of materials resulting in an important loss of cultural significance
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Interpretative and visitation facilities Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (2004)
    Peru
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Increase in salt contamination of the mud-brick
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Crop production Housing Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Chavin (Archaeological Site) (2004)
    Peru
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Ground transport infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Micro-organisms Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Chitwan National Park (2004)
    Nepal
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities
     Read

  • Churches of Chiloé (2004)
    Chile
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Storms Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • City of Cuzco (2004)
    Peru
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Deliberate neglect of historic properties
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Financial resources Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Input of excess energy Land conversion Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg (2004)
    Austria
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing
     Read

  • City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (2004)
    Italy
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing
     Read

  • Classical Gardens of Suzhou (2004)
    China
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities
     Read

  • Cologne Cathedral (2004)
    Germany
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Colonial City of Santo Domingo (2004)
    Dominican Republic
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Comoé National Park (2004)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Complex of Hué Monuments (2004)
    Viet Nam
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Need for restoration and enhancement of the monumental architecture of Hué
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Coro and its Port (2004)
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Governance Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (2004)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Consolidation of the cliffs and niches; b) Lack of a long-term on-site monitoring system
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cultural Landscape of Sintra (2004)
    Portugal
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Deteriorating state of conservation
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Curonian Spit (2004)
    Lithuania
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major linear utilities Oil and gas Storms
     Read

  • Dja Faunal Reserve (2004)
    Cameroon
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas
     Read

  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (2004)
    Senegal
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Invasive / alien freshwater species Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Doñana National Park (2004)
    Spain
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Pollution of marine waters
     Read

  • East Rennell (2004)
    Solomon Islands
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Human resources Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Everglades National Park (2004)
    United States of America
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Concerns about numbers of boaters in Florida Bay and their impacts on bottomland wilderness, including especially propeller scars from boat groundings.
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Ground water pollution Housing Management activities Surface water pollution Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape (2004)
    Austria
    Hungary
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (2004)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Need for consolidation and conservation measures of the hydraulic work
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (2004)
    Panama
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Partial loss of the original fabric
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Galápagos Islands (2004)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Weaknesses in quarantine measures; b) Passage of international and national marine traffic
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive/alien terrestrial species Legal framework
     Read

  • Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz (2004)
    Germany
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Flooding Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Great Barrier Reef (2004)
    Australia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Greater Blue Mountains Area (2004)
    Australia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Mining Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (2004)
    India
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Commercial development Ground transport infrastructure Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ha Long Bay (2004)
    Viet Nam
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Mining Oil and gas
     Read

  • Hanseatic City of Lübeck (2004)
    Germany
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Henderson Island (2004)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (2004)
    Turkey
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Continued degradation of the civil architecture
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage
     Read

  • Historic Cairo (2004)
    Egypt
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Air pollution Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Lima (2004)
    Peru
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco (2004)
    Mexico
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Deterioration of a unique and severely degraded cultural landscape
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Civil unrest Governance Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Puebla (2004)
    Mexico
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Riga (2004)
    Latvia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz (2004)
    Uzbekistan
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Extensive cracks and leaning walls
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Earthquake Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Sighişoara (2004)
    Romania
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (2004)
    Austria
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás (2004)
    Brazil
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Vienna (2004)
    Austria
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Historic District of Old Québec (2004)
    Canada
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Risk of fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Human resources Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa (2004)
    China
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara (2004)
    Japan
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento (2004)
    Uruguay
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (2004)
    Peru
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Town of Ouro Preto (2004)
    Brazil
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Town of Zabid (2004)
    Yemen
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Deteriorated state of some of the monuments
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa (2004)
    Peru
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake
     Read

  • Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (2004)
    Georgia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ichkeul National Park (2004)
    Tunisia
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguaçu National Park (2004)
    Brazil
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities
     Read

  • Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang (2004)
    China
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • iSimangaliso Wetland Park (2004)
    South Africa
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Island of Gorée (2004)
    Senegal
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Important historic buildings in a state of serious dilapidation; b) Replica of the Gorée-Almadies Memorial
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2004)
    Italy
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Quarrying
     Read

  • Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) (2004)
    Argentina
    Brazil
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Lack of capacity in Conservation of stone techniques
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kakadu National Park (2004)
    Australia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground water pollution Mining
     Read

  • Kasbah of Algiers (2004)
    Algeria
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Natural erosion, b) Dilapidation, c) Lack of maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2004)
    Nepal
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Illegal activities Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2004)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2004)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Fragile wooden heritage
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Financial resources Management activities
     Read

  • Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou (2004)
    Morocco
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: State of abandonment and degradation
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Deliberate destruction of heritage Erosion and siltation/ deposition Illegal activities Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (2004)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Conflict between the construction of new properties and the restoration of existing buildings
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management activities Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage Solid waste
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2004)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Decline of the seal population; b) Forest fires
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Legal framework Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2004)
    Kenya
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments (2004)
    Slovakia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Lorentz National Park (2004)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Security limitations on staff and public access to parts of the Park; b) Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Forestry /wood production Governance Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2004)
    Nepal
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses
     Read

  • M'Zab Valley (2004)
    Algeria
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Heritage badly maintained
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Housing Legal framework
     Read

  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2004)
    India
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2004)
    India
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Damaged Park infrastructure
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Illegal activities
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2004)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Illegal activities
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2004)
    Honduras
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) (2004)
    Morocco
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: The general state of conservation of the property is a cause for concern
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development Erosion and siltation/ deposition Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Input of excess energy Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste Water (rain/water table) Wind
     Read

  • Medina of Fez (2004)
    Morocco
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Illegal activities Solid waste
     Read

  • Megalithic Temples of Malta (2004)
    Malta
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Input of excess energy Solid waste
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2004)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Commercial development
     Read

  • Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (2004)
    Egypt
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2004)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Need for consolidation and restoration of the monument
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Ground transport infrastructure Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Athos (2004)
    Greece
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (2004)
    Kenya
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2004)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Commercial hunting Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Mining Subsistence hunting
     Read

  • Nahanni National Park (2004)
    Canada
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (2004)
    Montenegro
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2004)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Decline in animals population; b) Reduction of control fires
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (extraction) Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Old and New Towns of Edinburgh (2004)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (2004)
    Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Lack of maintenance; b) Natural factors
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Earthquake Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Financial resources High impact research / monitoring activities Housing Human resources Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste Temperature change
     Read

  • Old City of Salamanca (2004)
    Spain
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches (2004)
    Spain
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin (2004)
    Germany
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Paphos (2004)
    Cyprus
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities
     Read

  • Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park (2004)
    Viet Nam
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Pirin National Park (2004)
    Bulgaria
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena (2004)
    Colombia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Pyrénées - Mont Perdu (2004)
    France
    Spain
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (2004)
    Philippines
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve (2004)
    Honduras
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Lack of infrastructure and services for small producers and potential tourism initiatives hinder sustainable economic development and are underlying causes for poverty, leading to over-exploitation of natural resources
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Crop production Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Legal framework Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Robben Island (2004)
    South Africa
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: a) Natural values and cultural landscape qualities are not yet reflected in the islands management structure and conservation priorities; b) Fire
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Rock Art of Alta (2004)
    Norway
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage
     Read

  • Rock Drawings in Valcamonica (2004)
    Italy
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Route of Santiago de Compostela (2004)
    Spain
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Royal Palaces of Abomey (2004)
    Benin
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Serious degradation of nearly 2/3 of the mud-brick constructions
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (2004)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Collapsing monuments due to lack of maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Financial resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur (2004)
    Bangladesh
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Absence of photographic information and lack of action taken with regard to the “fragmentary terracotta plaques in the custodian’s house”
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Rwenzori Mountains National Park (2004)
    Uganda
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Serious security issues (landmines); b) Fires
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Sagarmatha National Park (2004)
    Nepal
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure Financial resources Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Saint Catherine Area (2004)
    Egypt
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Sangay National Park (2004)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities
     Read

  • Sian Ka'an (2004)
    Mexico
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Simien National Park (2004)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Decreasing population of Walia Ibex and Simien Fox
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Škocjan Caves (2004)
    Slovenia
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Renewable energy facilities Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Srebarna Nature Reserve (2004)
    Bulgaria
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Lack of monitoring system
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv” (2004)
    Turkmenistan
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (2004)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Management activities Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Taï National Park (2004)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Civil unrest War
     Read

  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park (2004)
    Costa Rica
    Panama
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Te Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand (2004)
    New Zealand
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Oil spill in the harbour
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
     Read

  • Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas (2004)
    China
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Timbuktu (2004)
    Mali
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Collapse of houses
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Flooding
     Read

  • Tipasa (2004)
    Algeria
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: State of conservation of mosaics and other exposed structures
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tower of London (2004)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Town of Luang Prabang (2004)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Input of excess energy Legal framework Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park (2004)
    Philippines
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tyre (2004)
    Lebanon
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape (2004)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Interpretative and visitation facilities
     Read

  • Virunga National Park
    Garamba National Park
    Kahuzi-Biega National Park
    Salonga National Park
    Okapi Wildlife Reserve (2004)

    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • Volcanoes of Kamchatka (2004)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial hunting Financial resources Fire (widlfires) Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Illegal activities Legal framework Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Mining Renewable energy facilities
     Read

  • W National Park of Niger (2004)
    Niger
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Mining Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (2004)
    Azerbaijan
    Year: 2004
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15A.Rev
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Financial resources Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Wood Buffalo National Park (2004)
    Canada
    Year: 2004
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Yellowstone National Park (2004)
    United States of America
    Year: 2004
    Other Threats: Brucella infection threat to bison population
    Document Source: WHC-04/28.COM/15B.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Input of excess energy Invasive / alien freshwater species Mining Surface water pollution
     Read

Threats
Management systems/ management plan(93) Housing(47) Illegal activities(40) Ground transport infrastructure(32) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(29) Legal framework(26) Financial resources(20) Human resources(17) Water (rain/water table)(15) Management activities(14) Deliberate destruction of heritage(12) Civil unrest(11) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(10) Commercial development(9) Mining(9) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(9) Interpretative and visitation facilities(8) Solid waste(8) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(7) Water infrastructure(7) Land conversion(7) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(7) Major linear utilities(6) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(6) Marine transport infrastructure(5) Input of excess energy(5) Oil and gas(5) Surface water pollution(4) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(4) Relative humidity(4) Earthquake(4) High impact research / monitoring activities(4) Underground transport infrastructure(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Society's valuing of heritage(3) Avalanche/ landslide(3) Governance(3) Air transport infrastructure(2) Renewable energy facilities(2) Air pollution(2) Ground water pollution(2) Commercial hunting(2) Crop production(2) Forestry /wood production(2) Water (extraction) (2) Micro-organisms(2) Wind(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(2) War(2) Flooding(2) Storms(2) Temperature change(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Invasive / alien freshwater species(2) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(2) Localised utilities(1) Pollution of marine waters(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Quarrying(1) Temperature(1)


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.