State of Conservation
States PartiesAlbania Andorra Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Georgia Germany Greece Holy See Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (467) Housing (318) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (156) Ground transport infrastructure (144) Legal framework (97) Management activities (87) Surface water pollution (82) Illegal activities (77) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (67) Mining (67) Water infrastructure (62) Oil and gas (47) Interpretative and visitation facilities (43) Forestry /wood production (43) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (40) Major linear utilities (38) Deliberate destruction of heritage (36) Financial resources (36) Storms (34) Renewable energy facilities (29) Solid waste (26) Earthquake (26) Commercial development (25) Marine transport infrastructure (24) Water (extraction) (24) Water (rain/water table) (24) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (21) Localised utilities (19) Crop production (19) Land conversion (19) Relative humidity (18) Invasive / alien freshwater species (18) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (16) Input of excess energy (15) Quarrying (15) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (15) Human resources (15) Industrial areas (14) Pollution of marine waters (14) Air pollution (13) Ground water pollution (13) Fire (widlfires) (12) Micro-organisms (11) Underground transport infrastructure (10) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (9) Civil unrest (9) War (9) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (8) Non-renewable energy facilities (7) High impact research / monitoring activities (7) Air transport infrastructure (6) Governance (6) Temperature (5) Flooding (5) Temperature change (5) Wind (4) Subsistence hunting (3) Radiation/light (3) Commercial hunting (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Society's valuing of heritage (2) Terrorism (2) Other climate change impacts (2) Avalanche/ landslide (2) Pests (1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).