State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1375) Housing (730) Illegal activities (537) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (381) Ground transport infrastructure (362) Management activities (283) Land conversion (277) Legal framework (274) Financial resources (225) Mining (219) Human resources (215) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (209) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (205) Civil unrest (183) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (167) Water infrastructure (165) Deliberate destruction of heritage (160) Water (rain/water table) (128) War (118) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (110) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (103) Interpretative and visitation facilities (102) Oil and gas (92) Solid waste (91) Surface water pollution (82) Governance (81) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (78) Commercial development (76) Marine transport infrastructure (75) Flooding (64) Crop production (62) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (62) Forestry /wood production (56) Major linear utilities (55) Earthquake (55) Fire (widlfires) (44) Storms (41) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (38) Invasive / alien freshwater species (38) Underground transport infrastructure (33) Water (extraction) (33) Renewable energy facilities (32) High impact research / monitoring activities (32) Wind (28) Relative humidity (27) Air transport infrastructure (26) Air pollution (25) Ground water pollution (25) Industrial areas (24) Commercial hunting (24) Society's valuing of heritage (24) Other climate change impacts (22) Input of excess energy (21) Drought (20) Localised utilities (19) Subsistence hunting (19) Avalanche/ landslide (19) Quarrying (15) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (15) Temperature change (15) Non-renewable energy facilities (14) Pollution of marine waters (13) Invasive / alien marine species (12) Translocated species (11) Micro-organisms (10) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (9) Changes to oceanic waters (9) Temperature (6) Desertification (6) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Volcanic eruption (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Military training (1) Hyper-abundant species (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).