State of Conservation
States PartiesAlgeria Argentina Australia Benin Brazil Bulgaria Canada Central African Republic China Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Democratic Republic of the Congo Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras India Italy Libya Mali Malta Montenegro Nepal New Zealand Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Poland Portugal Senegal Serbia Seychelles Spain Tunisia Turkey United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Yemen Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (48) Illegal activities (39) Water infrastructure (25) Ground transport infrastructure (22) Water (rain/water table) (20) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (15) Financial resources (14) Housing (13) Mining (13) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (11) Crop production (7) Relative humidity (7) Earthquake (7) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (6) Land conversion (6) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (6) Civil unrest (6) Air pollution (5) Oil and gas (5) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (4) Localised utilities (4) Subsistence hunting (4) Water (extraction) (4) Flooding (4) Storms (4) Avalanche/ landslide (4) Management activities (4) Surface water pollution (3) Micro-organisms (3) War (3) Legal framework (3) Input of excess energy (2) Pollution of marine waters (2) Solid waste (2) Forestry /wood production (2) Temperature (2) Wind (2) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (2) Industrial areas (1) Air transport infrastructure (1) Major linear utilities (1) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (1) Radiation/light (1) Deliberate destruction of heritage (1) Desertification (1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).