City of Potosí

City of Potosí

In the 16th century, this area was regarded as the world’s largest industrial complex. The extraction of silver ore relied on a series of hydraulic mills. The site consists of the industrial monuments of the Cerro Rico, where water is provided by an intricate system of aqueducts and artificial lakes; the colonial town with the Casa de la Moneda; the Church of San Lorenzo; several patrician houses; and the barrios mitayos, the areas where the workers lived.

Ville de Potosí

L’endroit était considéré au XVIe siècle comme le plus grand complexe industriel du monde. L’extraction du minerai d’argent était assurée par une série de moulins à eau. L’ensemble actuel comprend les monuments industriels du Cerro Rico, où l’eau est amenée par un système compliqué d’aqueducs et de lacs artificiels, la ville coloniale avec la Casa de la Moneda, l’église de San Lorenzo, des demeures nobles et les « barrios mitayos » qui étaient les quartiers ouvriers.

مدينة بوتوسي

كان هذا الموقع يُعتبر في القرن السادس عشر أكبر تجمّع صناعي في العالم حيث كان يستخرج معدن الفضة بواسطة سلسلة من الطواحين المائية. أمّا التجمّع الحالي، فيضم النصب الصناعية في سيرو ريكو حيث تُجرّ المياه بواسطة نظام معقّد من القنوات المائية والبحيرات الإصطناعية، وكذلك مدينة كازا دي لا مونيدا الاستعمارية، وكنيسة سان لورنزو، والمنازل الفخمة وأحياء العمّال، المسمّاة بالإسبانية "باريوس ميتايوس".

source: UNESCO/ERI

波托西城

在16世纪,波托西城被认为是世界上最大的工业复合体。银矿提炼的需要使得这里出现了一系列的水利矿场。遗址包括塞雷里科(Cerro Rico)工业建筑,复杂的引水渠和人造湖系统为该地提供水源;这座殖民城拥有卡萨德拉莫内达集镇(the Casa de la Moneda)、圣洛伦佐教堂(the Church of San Lorenzo)、一些贵族住宅区和工人居住区(barrios mitayos)。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Горнозаводской город Потоси

В XVI в. этот регион считался самым большим в мире промышленным комплексом. Извлечение серебряной руды осуществлялось группой фабрик, работавших с использованием гидравлической энергии. Объект состоит из индустриальных памятников Серро-Рико, куда доступ воды обеспечивался сложной системой акведуков и водохранилищ; колониального города с Монетным двором; церковью Сан-Лоренцо; несколькими домами аристократов и «барриос митайос» – территориями, где жили рабочие.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudad de Potosí­

En el siglo XVI, se consideraba que Potosí­ era el mayor complejo industrial del mundo. La extracción de su mineral de plata se efectuaba mediante molinos hidrí¡ulicos. El sitio actual comprende no sólo las antiguas instalaciones industriales del Cerro Rico, a las que llega el agua por medio de un sistema intrincado de acueductos y lagos artificiales, sino también el barrio colonial con la Casa de la Moneda, la iglesia de San Lorenzo, varias mansiones nobles y los barrios de los mitayos que trabajaban en las minas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ポトシ市街

source: NFUAJ

Potosí (stad)

In de 16e eeuw gold het gebied rondom Potosí als 's werelds grootste industriële complex. Daarvoor was Potosí een klein gehucht in de ijzige eenzaamheid van de Andes. Het dankt zijn welvaart aan de ontdekking van zilver tussen 1542 en 1545 in de Cerro de Potosí, de berg ten zuiden van de stad. De zilverertswinning vond plaats met behulp van hydraulische molens. Het gebied bestaat uit het industriële Cerro Rico – met een watersysteem van aquaducten en kunstmatige meren, de koloniale stad met het Casa de la Moneda, de kerk van San Lorenzo, verschillende patriciërshuizen en de barrios mitayos, gebieden waar de arbeiders woonden.

Source: unesco.nl

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City of Potosi © A. Sandoval-Ruiz
Long Description

In the pre-Hispanic period, Potosí was only a small hamlet perched at an altitude of 4,000 m, in the icy solitude of the Andes. It owes its prosperity to the discovery, between 1542 and 1545, of the New World's biggest silver lodes in the Cerro de Potosí, the mountain south of the city which overlooks it. As a result, Potosí is directly and tangibly associated with an event of outstanding universal significance: the economic change brought about in the 16th century by the flood of Spanish currency resulting from the massive import of precious metals from the New World into Seville.

The 'Imperial City' of Potosí, which it became following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572, exerted lasting influence on the development of architecture and monumental arts in the central region of the Andes by spreading the forms of a Baroque style incorporating Indian influence. Growth was extremely rapid: in the new town, where building began under the terms of the Law of the Indies in 1572, there were by the 17th century 160,000 colonists, as well as 13,500 Indians who were forced to labour in the mines. Following a period of disorganized exploitation of the native silver lodes, the Cerro de Potosí reached full production capacity after 1580, when a Peruvian-developed mining technique, known as patio, was implemented. In the 16th century, this area was regarded as the world's largest industrial complex in which the extraction of silver ore relied on a series of hydraulic mills.

Potosí is the one example par excellence of a major silver mine in modern times. The city and the region conserve spectacular traces of this activity: the industrial infrastructure comprised 22 lagunas or reservoirs, from which a forced flow of water produce the hydraulic power to activate the 140 ingenios or mills to grind silver ore. The ground ore was then amalgamated with mercury in refractory earthen kilns called huayras or guayras. It was then moulded into bars and stamped with the mark of the Royal Mint. From the mine to the Royal Mint, the whole production chain is conserved, along with dams, aqueducts, milling centres and kilns. Production continued until the 18th century, slowing down only after the country's independence in 1825.

The site consists of the industrial monuments of the Cerro Rico, where water is provided by an intricate system of aqueducts and artificial lakes; the colonial town with the Casa de la Moneda; the Church of San Lorenzo; several patrician houses; and the barrios mitayos, the areas where the workers lived.

The Casa de la Moneda (House of the Mint), in the centre of the city close to Republic Square, was constructed between 1753 and 1773. The house today is a numismatic museum. It possesses more than 100 colonial pictures and various archaeological and ethnographic collections. The church of San Francisco was the first church built during the colonial period; it houses the patron of Potosí, El Senor de la Vera Cruz. The church of San Lorenzo was built in 1548; it is an outstanding example of dressed stone in the local Baroque style.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC