Waterton Glacier International Peace Park

Waterton Glacier International Peace Park

In 1932 Waterton Lakes National Park (Alberta, Canada) was combined with the Glacier National Park (Montana, United States) to form the world's first International Peace Park. Situated on the border between the two countries and offering outstanding scenery, the park is exceptionally rich in plant and mammal species as well as prairie, forest, and alpine and glacial features.

Parc international de la paix Waterton-Glacier

En 1932, le parc national des Lacs-Waterton (Alberta, Canada) et le Glacier National Park (Montana, États-Unis d'Amérique) ont été réunis pour former le premier « parc international de la paix » du monde. Situé de part et d'autre de la frontière entre les deux pays, il offre des paysages d'une beauté exceptionnelle. Il est particulièrement riche en espèces végétales et en mammifères ainsi qu'en prairies, forêts, éléments alpins et glaciers.

الحديقة الدولية للسلام، حديقة واترتون-الكتل الجليدية

في العام 1932، جرى ضمّ الحديقة الوطنية للبحيرات-حديقة واترتون (في ولاية ألبرتا، في كندا) إلى الحديقة الوطنية للكتل الجليدية (في ولاية مونتانا، في الولايات المتحدة الأميركية) لتصبحا "الحديقة الدولية الأولى للسلام" في العالم التي تقع من جانبي الحدود الكندية-الأميركية، وتوّفر مناظر طبيعية رائعة الجمال. تزخر هذه الحديقة بالأجناس النباتية وبأصناف الثديات وكذلك بالمروج والغابات وعناصر البيئة الجبلية والكتل الجليدية.

source: UNESCO/ERI



source: UNESCO/ERI

Международный Парк Мира Уотертон-Лейкс–Глейшер

В 1932 г. национальный парк Уотертон-Лейкс (провинция Альберта, Канада) был объединен с национальным парком Глейшер (штат Монтана, США), в результате чего был образован первый в мировой практике Международный Парк Мира. Располагающийся на стыке государственных границ двух стран, этот очень живописный парк, включающий участки прерий, лесов, альпийских и ледниковых высокогорий, обладает исключительно богатой флорой и фауной.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Internacional de la Paz Waterton-Glacier

En 1932, el Parque Nacional de Waterton Lakes (Provincia de Alberta, Canadá) y el Parque Nacional de Glacier (Estado de Montana, EE.UU.) se fusionaron para formar “el primer parque internacional de la paz del mundo”. Situado a ambos lados de la frontera entre el Canadá y los Estados Unidos, este parque posee paisajes de excepcional belleza y una gran variedad de especies vegetales y mamíferos, así como praderas, bosques y formaciones geológicas alpinas y glaciares.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Internationaal vredespark Waterton Glacier

In 1932 werden het Nationaal park Waterton Lakes (Alberta, Canada) en het Nationaal park Glacier (Montana, Verenigde Staten) samengevoegd tot Internationaal vredespark Waterton Glacier, het eerste Internationale vredespark van de wereld. Het park is gelegen op de grens tussen Canada en de Verenigde Staten. Het bestaat uit een prachtig landschap en is uitzonderlijk rijk aan planten- en zoogdiersoorten. Het meest in het oog springende kenmerk van Waterton Glacier is de plotselinge overgang van prairie naar berglandschap, een contrast dat wordt benadrukt door het vrijwel geheel ontbreken van tussenliggende uitlopers. Het park staat verder bekend om zijn overvloed aan wilde dieren.

Source: unesco.nl

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Waterton Glacier International Peace Park © UNESCO
Statement of Significance

Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park has a distinctive climate, physiographic setting, mountain-prairie interface, and tri-ocean hydrographical divide. It is an area of significant scenic values with abundant and diverse flora and fauna.

Criterion (vii): Both national parks were originally designated by their respective nations because of their superlative mountain scenery, their high topographic relief, glacial landforms, and abundant diversity of wildlife and wildflowers.

Criterion (ix): The property occupies a pivotal position in the Western Cordillera of North America resulting in the evolution of plant communities and ecological complexes that occur nowhere else in the world. Maritime weather systems unimpeded by mountain ranges to the north and south allow plants and animals characteristic of the Pacific Northwest to extend to and across the continental divide in the park. To the east, prairie communities nestle against the mountains with no intervening foothills, producing an interface of prairie, montane and alpine communities. The international peace park includes the headwaters of three major watersheds draining through significantly different biomes to different oceans. The biogeographical significance of this tri-ocean divide is increased by the many vegetated connections between the headwaters. The net effect is to create a unique assemblage and high diversity of flora and fauna concentrated in a small area.

Long Description

The park is situated in the extreme south-west of the Province of Alberta, along the eastern slopes of the Continental Divide and at the western margin of the Canadian Great Plains region; it includes prairie, lakes and mountains.

Local relief is dominated by the 2,500 m peaks of the Border and Clark Ranges, which are generally less rugged than their Glacier National Park counterparts. The park is centred on a long, narrow 'glacier trough' lake.

The most immediately obvious feature of the park is the sudden transition from prairie to mountain landscape; a contrast which is emphasized by the virtual absence of intervening foothills.

The dominant landforms of the park are of glacial origin; typical of both mountain and continental glaciations. The mountain valleys and rock basins were shaped by glacial erosion, whereas the rolling grasslands are a result of glacial deposition.

The joint Waterton-Glacier properties contain a stratigraphic record spanning more than 1,250 million years of sedimentary and tectonic evolution.

The Waterton-Glacier area is at the centre of what has been described as a major floristic discontinuity which occurs at about 50° N latitude and which divides the southern ranges of the Rocky Mountains from the more northerly ranges. The prevalence of a maritime climate results in many species occurring which are closely related to the flora of the far west.

Five large ecoregions are found within Waterton-Glacier National Parks; these are alpine tundra, subalpine forest, montane forest, aspen parkland and fescue grassland.

The alpine tundra ecoregion is found above 2,100 m on the west slope and 1,800 m on the east. Arctic-alpine tundra vegetation covers much of the terrain, typical species including drays tundra and dwarf alpine poppy.

The subalpine forest ecoregion is the single-most vegetation cover in the park. A strong boreal element is typical of this ecoregion, characterized by such species as dwarf birch and fireweed.

The montane ecoregion (Canadian zone) occurs at low to mid elevations, but is largely restricted to the dry foothills and major river valleys of the eastern slopes.

The aspen parkland ecoregion serves as a transition belt between the prairie grasslands and the coniferous forest zone, with dominant tree species being trembling aspen and balsam poplar. Commonly known as 'bunchgrass prairie', the fescue grasslands ecoregion is typified by the festuca/danthonia grass association. The park is noted for an abundance of wildlife and a wide diversity of habitats. Investigations have listed 61 species of mammals, 241 species of bird, and 20 species of fish; reptiles and amphibians have not been extensively studied. Carnivores include grey wolf, coyote, cougar, American black bear and mink. There is also a self-sustaining population of more than 200 grizzly bear in the Waterton-Glacier complex. Other ungulates include mule deer, white-tailed deer, moose, bison, mountain goat and bighorn sheep, the last two being indigenous to the region. Rodents include beaver and muskrat.

Waterton is located on the margin of two major avian migratory routes; the Central and Pacific flyways overlap here, and the marsh and lake areas of the park are used extensively as staging areas. Both the bald eagle and peregrine falcon pass through the area.

Fish fauna includes lake whitefish, cut-throat trout, rainbow trout, lake trout, bull trout Salvelinus and Arctic grayling.