Huascarán National Park

Huascarán National Park

Situated in the Cordillera Blanca, the world's highest tropical mountain range, Mount Huascarán rises to 6,768 m above sea-level. The deep ravines watered by numerous torrents, the glacial lakes and the variety of the vegetation make it a site of spectacular beauty. It is the home of such species as the spectacled bear and the Andean condor.

Parc national de Huascarán

Dans la Cordillera Blanca, chaîne montagneuse tropicale la plus élevée du monde, le mont Huascaran culmine à 6 768 m. Les ravins profonds, aux nombreux torrents, les lacs glaciaires, la variété de la végétation, en font un ensemble d'une beauté spectaculaire où l'on rencontre des espèces animales telles que l'ours à lunettes et le condor des Andes.

منتزه هواسكاران الوطني

في أعلى سلسلة جبال استوائية في العالم، الكوردييرا بلانكا يبلغ ارتفاع قمة جبل هواسكاران 6768 مترًا. فالوديان العميقة حيث تكثر السيول الجارفة والبحيرات الجليدية وتنوع النبات تشكّل، مجتمعة، منظرًا رائعًا، كما نجد فيها أجناس الحيوانات المختلفة كالدببة ذات النظارات ونسر الانديز.

source: UNESCO/ERI

瓦斯卡兰国家公园

海拔6768 米的瓦斯卡兰山地处布兰卡山脉世界上最高的热带山脉之中。在那里,湍急的河流和冰河造成的幽谷以及种类繁多的植被使得这个地方美丽异常,并且成为眼镜熊和安第斯秃鹫的家。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Уаскаран

Гора Уаскаран, расположенная на Кордильера-Бланка – самом высокогорном хребте из всех, попадающих в границы тропического пояса Земли, - достигает высоты 6768 м. Особенную красоту местности придают глубокие ущелья, по которым протекают многочисленные горные реки, ледниковые озера и разнообразная растительность. Здесь обитают такие виды как очковый медведь и андский кондор.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Nacional de Huascarán

En la Cordillera Blanca, la cadena montañosa tropical más alta del mundo, se alza a 6.768 metros sobre el nivel del mar el monte Huascarán, que da su nombre a este parque. Sus profundas quebradas surcadas por numerosos torrentes, sus lagos glaciares y su vegetación variada forman un conjunto de belleza espectacular. Este sitio alberga especies animales como el oso de anteojos y el cóndor andino.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ワスカラン国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Huascarán

De berg Huascarán ligt in de Cordillera Blanca – ’s werelds hoogste tropische bergketen – en stijgt tot 6.768 meter boven de zeespiegel. De diepe ravijnen worden door tal van waterstromen van water voorzien. Er zijn 80 gletsjers in het gebied en ongeveer 120 gletsjermeren, variërend in grootte van 1 miljoen kubieke meter tot 10 miljoen kubieke meter water. Lager in het nationaal park zijn thermale bronnen die gebruikt worden vanwege hun therapeutische eigenschappen. De gletsjermeren en de verscheidenheid van de vegetatie geven het gebied een spectaculaire schoonheid. Nationaal park Huascarán is de thuisbasis van onder andere de brilbeer en de Andescondor.

Source: unesco.nl

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Llanganuco, Huascarán National Park © martin (necktru)
Long Description

Huascarán National Park is located in the Cordillera Blanca Range, in the Sierra Central of the Peruvian Andes. The park covers the most of the Cordillera Blanca, the highest tropical mountain range in the world. It has 27 snow-capped peaks 6,000 m above sea level, of which El Huascarán (6,768 m) is the highest.

The park encloses a diversity of geomorphologic features. The deep ravines contain rushing torrents formed from one of the 80 glaciers, and there are some 120 glacial lakes ranging in size from 1 million m3 to 10 million m3 of water. Lower down are thermal springs used for their therapeutic properties. There is still seismic activity in the area, which was affected by an earthquake in 1970. The wide topographic range has lead to a wide range in vegetation types. Vegetation is characteristic of humid montane forest in the valleys, with nival, alpine fluvial tundra, and very wet subalpine paramo formations at higher levels. The distinctive alpine bromeliad is abundant. Other plants include Bromeliceae , mountain orchids and relict forests.

The spectacled bear, puma, mountain cat, white-tailed deer and the vicuna are important indigenous species, but all have been heavily hunted in the past. The North Andean huemul, a rare species of deer, is also found here. Among the birds the most noteworthy are the cordillera hawk, the Andean condor, giant coot and the giant hummingbird, ornate tinamou as well as various species of duck, including the torrent duck.

The Cordillero region has for centuries been a site for the settlement of ethnic groups, as witnessed by ruins at Gekosh and Chuchumpunta and at Willcahuain-Huyllap-Pumacayan, Hechkap-Jonkapampa and others. These represent the largest collection of such remains in the world known to date. The most ancient cultures seem to have developed in the northern part of the park; the remains at the Cueva Del Guitanero in Yungay date back 2,000 years before the Chavin culture, spreading from Carhuaz to Pomabamba.

The Callejon de Huaylas is a valley containing numerous towns and is intensively used for agriculture, grazing, mining and plantation forestry. The national park is uninhabited, although there is some grazing in the lowlands by native livestock (llama and alpaca) under an agreement with the local people.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

The national park was established on 1 July 1975 by Supreme Decree no. 0622-75-AG (under the law on forests and wildlife, Decree-law no. 21147). Accepted as a biosphere reserve by Unesco on 1 March 1977 and designated a World Heritage site in 1985.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation
Notes
  • Property inscribed only for geological values under natural criterion N (ii) before 1994. Criterion N (ii) was replaced with criterion N (i) [Operational Guidelines 2002]. For more details see Decision 30.COM 8D.1.