Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

The Roman aqueduct of Segovia, probably built c. A.D. 50, is remarkably well preserved. This impressive construction, with its two tiers of arches, forms part of the setting of the magnificent historic city of Segovia. Other important monuments include the Alcázar, begun around the 11th century, and the 16th-century Gothic cathedral.

Vieille ville de Ségovie et son aqueduc

L'aqueduc romain de Ségovie, construit probablement vers l'an 50 de l'ère chrétienne, est remarquablement bien conservé. Cette majestueuse construction à double arcature s'insère dans le cadre de la magnifique cité historique de Ségovie où l'on peut admirer notamment l'Alcazar, commencé au XIe siècle, et la cathédrale gothique du XVIe siècle.

مدينة سيغوفيا القديمة وقنواتها للإمداد بالماء

بُنيت قنوات سيغوفيا الرومانيّة للإمداد بالماء قرابة العام 50 من الحقبة المسيحيّة ولقد جرت المحافظة عليها بشكل جيّد. وهذا البناء الضخم ذو القناطر المزدوجة يندرج ضمن الإطار العظيم لمدينة سيغوفيا التاريخيّة حيث يُمكن مشاهدة القصر الذي بدأ في القرن الحادي عشر والكاتدرائيّة القوطيّة في القرن السادس عشر.

source: UNESCO/ERI



source: UNESCO/ERI

Старый город в Сеговии и древнеримский акведук

Древнеримский акведук в Сеговии, построенный около 50 г. н.э., прекрасно сохранился. Это впечатляющее сооружение с двумя ярусами арок является неотъемлемым элементом облика великолепного исторического города Сеговия. Другие важные памятники – это Алькасар, основанный в ХI в., и готический кафедральный собор ХVI в.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudad vieja y acueducto de Segovia

Edificado probablemente hacia el año 50 d.C., el acueducto romano de Segovia se conserva excepcionalmente intacto. Esta imponente construcción de doble arcada se inserta en el marco magnífico de la ciudad histórica, donde se pueden admirar otros soberbios monumentos como el Alcázar, cuya construcción se inició en el siglo XI, y la catedral gótica del siglo XVI.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Oude stad en aquaduct van Segovia

Het Romeinse aquaduct van Segovia is waarschijnlijk gebouwd omstreeks het jaar 50 na Christus en opmerkelijk goed bewaard gebleven. Deze indrukwekkende constructie, met zijn twee rijen van bogen, maakt deel uit van de prachtige historische stad Segovia. Andere belangrijke monumenten in deze stad zijn het Alcázar – gebouwd rond de 11e eeuw – en de 16e-eeuwse gotische kathedraal. De wijken, straten en huizen zijn georganiseerd op basis van de plaatselijke sociale structuur, waarbij hiërarchie overschaduwd werd door het horen bij een culturele groeperingen. Moren, Christenen en Joden leefden naast elkaar en zorgden samen voor de economische groei van de stad tijdens de 16e eeuw.

Source: unesco.nl

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Cathedral © UNESCO
Long Description

Segovia is indicative of a complex historical reality. Its neighbourhoods, streets, and houses are laid out in accordance with a social structure in which hierarchy was overshadowed by belonging to one of the different cultural communities. Moors, Christians and Jews coexisted for a long time in the medieval city and worked together during the 16th century manufacturing boom. All the component parts of the built environment, from domestic architecture to the great religious and military structures, can be found in Segovia in a broad range of construction techniques and styles.

The Roman aqueducts of Sevilla, Toledo, and Calahorra in Spain did not survive. The 221 colossal piers bear witness to the magnitude of the Aquae Atilianae in the province of Zaragoza. The impressive monuments that survive in Mérida, Tarragona, and Segovia illustrate the political determination which, following the steps of the victorious armies, greatly increased the number of aqueducts which Frontinus described as 'the most solemn testimony of the Empire.'

The Aqueduct of Segovia, the symbol of the city, is the best known of these civil engineering feats owing to its monumentality, to its excellent state of conservation, and in particular to its location in one of the most beautiful urban sites in the world.

The hydraulic engineers who tapped the waters of the Río Frío in the Sierra de Guadarrama to bring them 18km to Segovia via a canal with an average gradient of 1% ran into no natural obstacle more challenging than the crossing of the valley of the Río Clamores at the end of the course. In order to reach the rocky contrefort on which the city was perched they had to erect an enormous construction of masonry 813 m in length, consisting of four straight segments and two superimposed arcades borne by 128 pillars. At the lowest point of the valley, the aqueduct stands at a height of 28.5 m above ground.

This colossal edifice is undocumented. However, the profile of the arcade and the construction technique used afford typological comparisons with the Aqua Claudia in Rome, a canal built between AD 38 and 52. Moreover, excavation carried out at the foot of the piers appears to corroborate a date of roughly AD 50.

Following its restoration, which took place after 1484 on the initiative of the Catholic Kings (Los Reyes Católicos), the aqueduct was always used and well maintained. The most serious damage which it suffered occurred in the last century: the replacement in 1929-30 of the 16th-century stone conduit with a cement canal, the stone conduit having earlier replaced a wooden one; disintegration of the masonry owing to the effects of vibration caused by traffic of heavy trucks; decay of the stone caused by gas pollutants. This physical-chemical damage results principally from a poorly planned urban development policy which has destroyed the monument's surroundings by the building of parking lots, large thoroughfares and slip roads which detract from the beauty of the aqueduct and hinder its proper conservation.