Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks

Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks

The contiguous national parks of Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho, as well as the Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber provincial parks, studded with mountain peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons and limestone caves, form a striking mountain landscape. The Burgess Shale fossil site, well known for its fossil remains of soft-bodied marine animals, is also found there.

Parcs des montagnes Rocheuses canadiennes

Les parcs nationaux contigus de Banff, Jasper, Kootenay et Yoho, ainsi que les parcs provinciaux du mont Robson, du mont Assiniboine et Hamber, parsemés de sommets, de glaciers, de lacs, de chutes, de canyons et de grottes calcaires, offrent des paysages montagneux particulièrement remarquables. On y trouve aussi le gisement fossilifère de Burgess Shale, renommé pour ses restes fossilisés d'animaux marins à corps mou.

حدائق الجبال الصخرية الكندية

تتألف المناظر الجبلية الرائعة في هذه المنطقة من الحدائق الوطنية المتجاورة كحديقة بانف وجاسبر وكوتناي ويوهو ومن الحدائق المحلية لجبل روبسون، وجبل أسينيبوان وهامبر التي تتخللها القمم الشاهقة والكتل الجليدية والبحيرات والشلالات والأودية الضيقة والمغارات الكلسية. كما يضمّ هذا الموقع حقل بورجس شايل الأحفوري الذي يشتهر بالبقايا المتحجرة لبعض الحيوانات البحرية الطريّة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

加拿大落基山公园

逶迤相连的班夫(Banff)、贾斯珀(Jasper)、库特奈(Kootenay)和约虎(Yoho)国家公园,以及罗布森山(Mount Robson)、阿西尼博因山(Mount Assiniboine)和汉伯省级公园(Hamber provincial parks)构成了一道亮丽的高山风景线,那里有山峰、冰河、湖泊、瀑布、峡谷和石灰石洞穴。这里的伯吉斯谢尔化石遗址也有海洋软体动物的化石。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Парки Канадских Скалистых гор

Смежно-расположенные национальные (Банф, Джаспер, Кутеней, Йохо) и провинциальные (Маунт-Робсон, Маунт-Эссинибойн, Хамбер) парки изобилуют горными пиками, ледниками, озерами, водопадами, каньонами и известняковыми пещерами, что формирует поразительный высокогорный ландшафт. Здесь же расположен Бёрджес-Шейл – место обнаружения уникальных окаменелых остатков обитателей древних морей.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parques de las Montañas Rocosas Canadienses

Los parques contiguos de Banff, Jasper, Kootenay y Yoho, junto con los parques provinciales de Monte Robson, Monte Assiniboine y Hamber, constituyen una inmensa zona de cumbres, glaciares, lagos, cascadas, cañones y grutas calcáreas que forman un paisaje montañoso espectacular. Aquí se encuentra el yacimiento fosilífero de Burgess Shale, famoso por los restos de animales marinos de cuerpo blando que contiene.

source: UNESCO/ERI

カナディアン・ロッキー山脈自然公園群

source: NFUAJ

Canadese parken van de Rocky Mountain

De Canadese parken van de Rocky Mountain bestaan uit vier aangrenzende nationale parken: Banff, Jasper, Kootenay en Yoho en drie provinciale parken: Mount Robsen, Mount Assiniboine en Hamber. Het gebied is bezaaid met ruige bergtoppen, ijsvelden en gletsjers, alpenweiden, meren, watervallen, uitgestrekte karstgrotten en diep ingesneden canyons. Actieve gletsjers en ijsvelden bestaan nog steeds in de hele regio, waarvan het Columbia ijsveld de belangrijkste is en de grootste in het subarctische gebied van Noord-Amerika. Onderdeel van de parken is de fossielen-site Burgess Shale, die bekend is vanwege de fossiele resten van mariene weekdieren.

Source: unesco.nl

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Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, Peyto Lake, Banff NP © Maureen J. Flynn
Statement of Significance

Renowned for their scenic splendor, the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks are comprised of Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho national parks and Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber provincial parks. Together, they exemplify the outstanding physical features of the Rocky Mountain Biogeographical Province. Classic illustrations of glacial geological processes — including icefields, remnant valley glaciers, canyons and exceptional examples of erosion and deposition — are found throughout the area. The Burgess Shale Cambrian and nearby Precambrian sites contain important information about the earth’s evolution.

Criterion (vii): The seven parks of the Canadian Rockies form a striking mountain landscape. With rugged mountain peaks, icefields and glaciers, alpine meadows, lakes, waterfalls, extensive karst cave systems and deeply incised canyons, the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks possess exceptional natural beauty, attracting millions of visitors annually.

Criterion (viii): The Burgess Shale is one of the most significant fossil areas in the world. Exquisitely preserved fossils record a diverse, abundant marine community dominated by soft-bodied organisms. Originating soon after the rapid unfolding of animal life about 540 million years ago, the Burgess Shale fossils provide key evidence of the history and early evolution of most animal groups known today, and yield a more complete view of life in the sea than any other site for that time period. The seven parks of the Canadian Rockies are a classic representation of significant and on-going glacial processes along the continental divide on highly faulted, folded and uplifted sedimentary rocks.

Long Description

Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks comprises Banff National Park, Hamber Provincial Park, Jasper National Park, Kootenay National Park, Mount Robson Provincial Park, Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park and Yoho National Park.

The Canadian Rocky Mountains are oriented in a south-eastern to north-western direction along the Continental Divide and consist of the Western Ranges, the Main Ranges, the Front Ranges and the Foothills, all of which are represented within the parks.

Active glaciers and ice fields still exist throughout the region, particularly in the Main Ranges. The most significant is the Columbia ice field, the largest in North America's subarctic interior. Covering 325 km2 , the ice field spans the Continental Divide and the boundary between Jasper and Banff National Parks.

The Columbia ice fields of Jasper National Park are regarded as the hydrographic apex of North America and are the headwaters to three major river systems: the North Saskatchewan River, the Athabasca River and the Columbia River. The park waters of Yoho flow to the Pacific along Kicking Horse. Mount Robson Park encompasses the headwaters of Fraser River while Hamber Park encompasses Fortress Lake watershed. There are numerous lakes in Mount Assiniboine Park, most of which are located in broad alpine valleys and plateaus where they occupy glacially scoured depressions in the limestone bedrock.

The Rockies have been divided into three life zones or ecoregions: montane, subalpine and alpine. Montane vegetation occurs in major valley bottoms, on the foothills and sun-exposed slopes of lower mountain sides, especially in the front ranges. Forest is generally found between 1,200 m and 1,800 m and typical species include Douglas fir, white spruce, aspen and poplar. Montane wetlands and meadows occupy areas adjacent to major rivers.

The subalpine ecoregion occupies mountainsides between 1,800 m and 2,100 m, and valley bottoms of high elevations. This is the most extensive ecoregion in the Rockies and can be subdivided into lower and upper subalpine. The alpine ecoregion occurs above the timberline. It is characterized by diminutive and hardy vegetation such as low-growing willow and dwarf birch, heath, mountain avens and sedge.

A total of 56 mammalian species have been recorded. Characteristic species found in alpine meadows include Rocky Mountain goat, bighorn sheep, northern pika and hoary marmot. Forest mammals include moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, caribou, red deer and red squirrel. Carnivores include grey wolf, grizzly bear, black bear, wolverine, lynx and puma.

Some 280 avifaunal species have been noted, including northern three-toed woodpecker, white-tailed ptarmigan, grey jay, mountain bluebird, Clark's nutcracker, golden eagle, mountain chickadee and rock pipit. Other recorded fauna includes one species of toad, three species of frog, one species of salamander and two species of snake.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

Jasper National Park
Created a national park in 1930. First protected as Jasper Forest Park (1,295,000ha) in 1907. Accepted as a World Heritage Site (in combination with Kootenay, Banff and Yoho national parks) in 1984.

Yoho National Park
1886. Accepted as a World Heritage site (in combination with Jasper, Kootenay and Banff national parks) in 1984.

Banff National Park
1885 as a park reserve (2,600ha) around the Cave and Basin mineral hot springs. Formally established in 1887 as Rocky Mountains Park (67,300ha), Canada's first national park, under the Rocky Mountains Park Act. Named as Banff National Park (669,500ha) in 1930 under the National Parks Act. Deletion of S,400ha in 1949. Accepted as part of the World Heritage Site, Canadian Rockies, in 1984.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation
Notes
  • The "Burgess Shale" property, which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the "Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks".

  • Property inscribed for both geological and ecological values under natural criterion N (ii) before 1994. Criterion N (i) [Operational Guidelines 2002] was added. For more details see Decision 30.COM 8D.1.