Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus

Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus

On the borders of Tassili N'Ajjer in Algeria, also a World Heritage site, this rocky massif has thousands of cave paintings in very different styles, dating from 12,000 B.C. to A.D. 100. They reflect marked changes in the fauna and flora, and also the different ways of life of the populations that succeeded one another in this region of the Sahara.

Sites rupestres du Tadrart Acacus

À la frontière du Tassili n'Ajjer algérien, également site du patrimoine mondial, ce massif rocheux est riche de milliers de peintures rupestres de styles très différents dont les plus anciennes remontent à 12 000 ans environ av. J.-C., les plus récentes pouvant être datées du Ier siècle de l'ère chrétienne. Ces peintures reflètent les modifications profondes de la faune et de la flore, ainsi que les divers modes de vie des populations qui se sont succédé dans cette partie du Sahara.

مواقع تادرارت أكاكوس الصخرية

على حدود طاسيلي ناجر الجزائرية، وهي أيضًا موقع مدرج على قائمة التراث العالمي، يقع هذا المرتفع الصخري الغني بآلاف الرسوم الصخرية ذات الأساليب المختلفة كليًا والتي يعود أقدمها إلى 21 ألف عام ق.م. تقريبًا، ويمكن اعتبار أن أحدثها يرقى إلى القرن الأول ميلادي. وتعكس هذه الرسوم التعديلات العميقة التي طرأت على الثروة الحيوانية والنباتية وكذلك أنماط الحياة المتنوعة للشعوب التي تتالت على خذا الجزء من الصحراء الكبرى.

source: UNESCO/ERI

塔德拉尔特•阿卡库斯石窟

塔德拉尔特•阿卡库斯石窟也是一个世界遗产遗址,位于阿尔及利亚阿杰尔的塔西里边境上。这座石山有数千种不同风格的壁画,时间可以追溯到公元前12 000年至公元100年。 这些壁画表现了动植物的明显变化以及撒哈拉地区每代人生活的不同方式。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Наскальная живопись в горах Тадрарт-Акакус

Соседствуя с плато Тассилин-Аджер в Алжире, также объектом всемирного наследия, этот скальный массив обладает тысячами пещерных росписей самых разных стилей, относящихся к периоду от 12 тыс. лет до н.э. до 100 г. н.э. Они отражают важные изменения, произошедшие с фауной и флорой, а также различия в образе жизни народов, сменявших друг друга в этой части Сахары.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Sitio rupestre de Tadrart Acacus

Colindante con el sitio argelino de Tasili n’Ajer, también inscrito en la Lista de Patrimonio Mundial, este macizo rocoso encierra miles de pinturas rupestres de diferentes estilos. Las primeras se remontan a 12.000 años antes de nuestra era y las más recientes datan del siglo I d.C. Esas pinturas muestran las considerables modificaciones experimentadas por la fauna y la flora a lo largo de ese periodo de más de 120 siglos, así como las distintas formas de vida de las poblaciones que se asentaron sucesivamente en esta región del Sahara.

source: UNESCO/ERI

タドラット・アカクスのロック-アート遺跡群

source: NFUAJ

Rotskunstgebied van Tadrart Acacus

Tadrart Acacus ligt in de Fezzan, ten oosten van de stad Ghat en op de grens van Tassili N’Ajjer in Algerije. Dit rotsachtige massief bevat duizenden grotschilderingen in zeer verschillende stijlen, daterend uit 12.000 voor tot 100 na Christus. De verschillende grotschilderingen en gravures tonen scènes van de jacht of het dagelijks leven, rituele dansen en dieren. De rotskunst weerspiegelt opvallende veranderingen in de flora en fauna, alsmede de verschillende manieren van leven van bevolkingen die elkaar opgevolgd hebben in deze regio van de Sahara. Het gebied van Tadrart Acacus is meer dan 250 vierkante kilometer groot en tegenwoordig een woestijn.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

Tadrart Acacus has thousands of cave paintings in very different styles, dating from 12,000 BC to AD 100. They reflect marked changes in the fauna and flora, and also the different ways of life of the populations that succeeded one another in this region of the Sahara.

The massif of Tadrart Acacus, a vast mountainous region (more than 250 km2) which is today a desert, is situated in the Fezzan, to the east of the city of Ghat. It contains some of the most extraordinary scenery in the world and has its unique natural wonders: dunes, isolated towers emerging from the sand and eroded into the most bizarre shapes, petrified arches, and canyons carved by ancient rivers.

Cave paintings and carvings of various styles are scattered throughout almost all the valleys, representing hunting or daily life scenes, ritual dances and animals. The site also includes the Murzuch desert, which bears traces of the different phases of the Palaeolithic.

The Italo-Libyan archaeological missions, which have run continuously from 1955 in Tadrart Acacus under the guidance of Fabrizio Mori and Paolo Graziosi, have catalogued, besides settlements comprising important stone and ceramic material, numerous rock-art sites, including hundreds of engravings and thousands of paintings.

Tools have been unearthed across an area covering thousands of kilometres. In the Tadrart Acacus Mountains, cave paintings and carvings of various styles are scattered throughout almost all the valleys, representing the various cultural groups that lived there during long periods of prehistory.

Like Tassili n'Ajjer (Algeria), various periods, corresponding to successive climatic phases which brought about underlying modifications in the flora and fauna and, thus, in the ways of life of the local population, may be distinguished. They are characterized by very definite artistic styles:

  • during the naturalistic phase, corresponding to the last phase of the Pleistocene epoch (12,000-8000 BC), one sees numerous outline engravings, representing the large mammals of the savannah: elephants, rhinoceros, etc.
  • during the round-head phase (c. 8000-4000 BC) engravings and paintings coexisted. The fauna was characteristic of humid climate; magic religious scenes appeared.
  • the pastoral phase, from 4000 BC, is the most important in terms of numbers of paintings and engravings; numerous bovine herds are found on the decorated walls of the grottoes and shelters.
  • the horse phase, from 1500 BC, is that of a semi-arid climate, which caused the disappearance of certain species and the appearance of the domesticated horse.
  • the camel phase (first centuries BC) saw the intensification of a desert climate. The dromedary settled in the region and became the main subject of the last rock-art paintings.
Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC