Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro

The ruins of the huge city of Moenjodaro – built entirely of unbaked brick in the 3rd millennium B.C. – lie in the Indus valley. The acropolis, set on high embankments, the ramparts, and the lower town, which is laid out according to strict rules, provide evidence of an early system of town planning.

Ruines archéologiques de Mohenjo Daro

Ce site conserve les ruines d'une ville immense de la vallée de l'Indus, entièrement construite en brique crue et remontant au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C. Son acropole, élevée sur d'énormes remblais, ses remparts et la rigueur du plan de sa ville basse témoignent d'un urbanisme strictement planifié.

آثار موهنجودارو

يحافظ هذا الموقع على أنقاض مدينة الوادي الهندوسي الكبيرة التي بنيت بكاملها من الآجر الخام والتي تعود إلى الألفية الثالثة ق.م. أما قسمها الأعلى المحصّن الذي يرتفع على طمّ هائل وأسوار، بالإضافة إلى دقة مخطط المدينة من الأسفل، فيشهدان على مدينة ُخطَّط لها بدقةٍ متناهية.

source: UNESCO/ERI

摩亨佐达罗考古遗迹

这座规模宏大的城市坐落在印度河河谷中,它建于公元前3000年,建筑材料完全是毛坯砖。此地包括一座卫城,建在巨大的路基上,周围建有壁垒,这座底矮的城市遵循着严格的标准,从这些遗迹中我们可以看出早期城市规划的雏形。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Археологические памятники Мохенджо-Даро

Руины огромного города Мохенджо-Даро, целиком построенного из необожженного кирпича в 3-м тысячелетии до н.э., находятся в долине реки Инд. Акрополь, воздвигнутый на высокой насыпи, валы и нижний город, распланированный в соответствии со строгими правилами, являются свидетельством древней системы градостроения.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ruinas arqueológicas de Mohenjo Daro

Este sitio alberga las ruinas de una inmensa ciudad del valle del Indo, construida totalmente en adobe en el tercer milenio a.C. La acrópolis erigida sobre enormes terraplenes, las murallas y la rigurosa planificación del trazado de la ciudad baja atestiguan la existencia de un urbanismo temprano estrictamente planificado.

source: UNESCO/ERI

モヘンジョダロの遺跡群
インダス川下流シンド州カラチから約300km北のインダス文明の遺跡の一つ。1921年インド人考古学者により発見され、植民地解放を求めるインド民族主義の高揚に貢献した。約1.6km四方の遺跡には、周到な都市計画に基づいたレンガ舗装の格子状街路や下水溝が整備されており、西の城塞地区には穀物庫、大浴場、邸宅、学問所、集会所などの大建築物跡があり、東の市街地には整然としたランガ造りの人家が立ち並んでいた。

source: NFUAJ

Archeologische ruïnes bij Moenjodaro

Moenjodaro is helemaal gebouwd van ongebakken steen in het 3e millennium voor Christus. De ruïnes van de grote stad Moenjodaro liggen in de Indus vallei. De stadsburcht gebouwd op hoge dijken, de wallen, en de lager gelegen stad – die is aangelegd volgens strikte regels – leveren het bewijs van een vroeg systeem van stadsontwikkeling. Deze 5.000 jaar oude stad was het centrum van de Indus beschaving – een van de grootste in de Oude Wereld – en is het vroegste bewijs van urbanisatie in Zuid-Azië. De stad bloeide gedurende ongeveer 800 jaar in het 3e en 2e millennium voor Christus.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

Mohenjodaro is the most ancient and best-preserved urban ruin on the Indian subcontinent, dating back to the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC, and exercised a considerable influence on the subsequent development of urbanization on the Indian peninsula.

The archaeological site is located on the right bank of the Indus River, 400 km from Karachi, in Pakistan's Sind Province. It flourished for about 800 years during the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. Centre of the Indus Civilization, one of the largest in the Old World, this 5,000-year-old city is the earliest manifestation of urbanization in South Asia. Its urban planning surpasses that of many other sites of the oriental civilizations that were to follow.

Of massive proportions, Mohenjodaro comprises two sectors: a stupa mound that rises in the western sector and, to the east, the lower city ruins spread out along the banks of the Indus. The acropolis, set on high embankments, the ramparts, and the lower town, which is laid out according to strict rules, provide evidence of an early system of town planning.

The stupa mound, built on a massive platform of mud brick, is composed of the ruins of several major structures - Great Bath, Great Granary, College Square and Pillared Hall - as well as a number of private homes. The extensive lower city is a complex of private and public houses, wells, shops and commercial buildings. These buildings are laid out along streets intersecting each other at right angles, in a highly orderly form of city planning that also incorporated important systems of sanitation and drainage.

Of this vast urban ruin of Moenjodaro, only about one-third has been reveal by excavation since 1922. The foundations of the site are threatened by saline action due to a rise of the water table of the Indus River. This was the subject of a UNESCO international campaign in the 1970s, which partially mitigated the attack on the prehistoric mud-brick buildings.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC