Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex

Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex

The square Mosque with its single great dome and four slender minarets, dominates the skyline of the former Ottoman capital of Edirne. Sinan, the most famous of Ottoman architects in the 16th century, considered the complex, which includes madrasas (Islamic schools), a covered market, clock house, outer courtyard and library, to be his best work. The interior decoration using Iznik tiles from the peak period of their production testifies to an art form that remains unsurpassed in this material. The complex is considered to be the most harmonious expression ever achieved of the Ottoman külliye, a group of buildings constructed around a mosque and managed as a single institution.

Mosquée Selimiye et son ensemble social

La Mosquée carrée, avec sa grande coupole et ses quatre minarets élancés, domine la silhouette de l'ancienne ville ottomane d'Edirne. Sinan, le plus célèbre des architectes ottomans du XVIe siècle, considérait comme son chef d'œuvre cette réalisation qui inclut aussi des madrasas (écoles coraniques), un marché couvert, une maison de l'horloge, une cour extérieure et une bibliothèque. La décoration intérieure en céramiques d'Iznik, à leur période de production majeure, témoigne d'une forme d'art qui ne sera jamais égalée pour ce qui concerne ce matériau. L'ensemble est considéré comme l'expression la plus harmonieuse jamais atteinte du külliye ottoman, un ensemble de bâtiments associés à une mosquée et gérés avec elle.

جامع السليمية

بُني هذا الجامع في مدينة أدرنة العثمانية على شكل مربع تعلوه قبة كبيرة وتحيط به أربع مآذن رفيعة. واعتبر المعمار سِنان آغا الذي كان أشهر المعماريين العثمانيين في القرن السادس عشر أن هذا المجمع الذي يتألف من مدارس إسلامية وسوق مغطى وساعة كبيرة و‏ساحة خارجية‏ ومكتبة هو أهم أعماله على الإطلاق. ويشهد داخل الجامع المزين بقطع من فخار إزنيق تعود إلى فترة ازدهار هذه الصناعة الفخارية على فن لا نظير له حتى اليوم في استخدام هذه المادة. ويجسد المجمع التعبير الأكثر تناسقاً لمفهوم "الكلية"، وهو مصطلح في فن العمارة العثمانية يدل على مجموعة مباني تحيط بالجامع وتتم إدارتها كمنشأة واحدة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

赛利米耶清真寺

。方形的赛里米耶清真寺巨大的中央圆顶与四座细长的宣礼塔矗立在埃迪尔内(Edirne)的天际线上,俯瞰着这座前奥斯曼帝国的首都。16世纪著名的奥斯曼建筑师希南(Sinan)将这一建筑群视为自己最杰出的作品。赛里米耶清真寺建筑群还包括伊斯兰学校、一个室内市场、守卫室、外庭及图书馆。清真寺使用伊兹尼克最巅峰时期出品的瓷砖作为内饰材料,代表着以这种瓷砖创造的艺术形式至今无人超越的最高成就。赛利米耶清真寺建筑群也被视作奥斯曼时期库里耶(külliye ,意为一组围绕着清真寺修建的建筑群,并作为一个统一的机构进行管理)建筑作品所能达到的最和谐的境界。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Мечеть Селимие и его социальный комплекс

Квадратная в плане мечеть с её единственным величественным куполом и четырьмя стройными минаретами возвышается над древней Оттоманской столицей Эдрин. Синан - наиболее известный из всех ее архитекторов 16-го века - считал этот комплекс, включающий медресе (исламскую школу), крытый рынок, часовую комнату, внешний двор и библиотеки, своим лучшим произведением. Внутренние украшения, в которых используется плитка «Изник», созданная в период наивысшего расцвета ее производства, являются свидетельством этого и поныне непревзойденного вида искусства. Сооружение считается наиболее гармоничным из когда-либо созданных образцов оттоманского «кюллие» целое.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Mezquita y complejo social de Selimiye

Esta mezquita de planta cuadrada con su gran cúpula y sus cuatro esbeltos minaretes domina el perfil de la ciudad de Edirne, antigua capital otomana. Sinan, el más célebre de los arquitectos otomanos del siglo XVI, consideraba su obra maestra esta mezquita y el conjunto arquitectónico anejo, formado por madrazas (escuelas coránicas), un mercado cubierto, la casa del reloj, un patio exterior y la biblioteca. Realizada con cerámicas de Iznik fabricadas en el periodo más floreciente de su producción, la ornamentación interior es una muestra de ejecución artística con este tipo de material que nunca se ha llegado a igualar. Este conjunto arquitectónico se considera la expresión armónica más consumada del külliye otomano, esto es, un conjunto de edificios construidos en torno a una mezquita y administrados conjuntamente con ella.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Selimiye moskee en zijn sociale complex

De Selimiye moskee met zijn ene grote koepel en vier slanke minaretten domineert de skyline van de voormalige Ottomaanse hoofdstad Edirne. De beroemdste Ottomaanse architect van de 16e eeuw Sinan, beschouwde het complex als zijn beste werk. Het sociale complex bestaat uit madrasas (islamitische scholen), een overdekte markt, een klokhuis, buitenplaats en een bibliotheek. Het interieur met Iznik-tegels uit de piekperiode van deze tegelproductie, getuigt van een kunstvorm die tot op heden onovertroffen is. Het complex wordt beschouwd als de meest harmonieuze variant van een Ottomaanse Külliye, een groep bouwwerken gebouwd rond een moskee.

Source: unesco.nl

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Edirne Selimiye Mosque and Its Social Complex -General view © Edirne Vakf Regional Directorate
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

Dominating the skyline of Edirne, former capital of the Ottoman Empire, the Selimiye Mosque Complex commissioned by Selim II is the ultimate architectural expression by the architect Sinan of the Ottoman külliye. The imposing mosque stepping up to its single great dome with four soaring slender minarets, spectacular decorated interior space, manuscript library, meticulous craftsmanship, brilliant Iznik tiles and marble courtyard together with its associated educational institutions, outer courtyard and covered bazaar, represent the apogee of an art form and the pious benefaction of 16th century imperial Islam. The architectural composition of the Selimiye Mosque Complex in its dominant location represents the culmination of the great body of work by Sinan, the most outstanding architect of the Ottoman Empire.

Criterion (i): The Selimiye Mosque Complex at Edirne is a masterpiece of the human creative genius of the architect Sinan, the most famous of all Ottoman architects in the 16th century. The single great dome supported by eight pillars has a diameter of 31.5 over a prayer space of 45mx36m, and with its four soaring minarets it dominates the city skyline. The innovative structural design allowed numerous windows creating an extraordinary illuminated interior. The mosque complex was recognised by Sinan himself as his most important architectural work.

Criterion (iv): The Selimiye Mosque with its cupola, spatial concept, architectural and technological ensemble and location crowning the cityscape illustrates a significant stage in human history, the apogee of the Ottoman Empire. The interior decoration using Iznik tiles from the peak period of their production testifies to a great art form never to be excelled in this material. The mosque with its charitable dependencies represents the most harmonious expression ever achieved of the külliye, this most peculiarl Ottoman type of complex.

Integrity

The Selimiye Mosque Complex includes all the attributes of its Outstanding Universal Value within the property boundary, is well-maintained and does not suffer from adverse effects of development. In view of the importance of the dominant setting of the property and its landmark status, it is extremely important that all view corridors continue to be protected.

Authenticity

The Mosque Complex retains its authenticity in terms of form and design, materials and substance. The Mosque and Arasta retain their authenticity in terms of use and function, spirit and feeling. The madrasas have been slightly modified to serve appropriate new uses as museums.

Protection and Management requirements

The property is protected under the National Act on the Preservation of Cultural and Natural Heritage no. 2863 and the Act on Pious Foundations no. 5737, and all works require the approval of the Regional Conservation Council. A Coordination and Supervision Council, constituted by representatives of local and central institutions is being established by the Edirne Municipality to oversee development of the Management Plan for the Selimiye Mosque Complex.  In addition there will be an Advisory Body made up of academics, representatives of NGOs, Chamber of Architects, local and central government and local citizens, which will evaluate the Management Plan and provide suggestions.  The objectives of the Management Plan are directed at ensuring the preservation of the Selimiye Mosque and transfer of its cultural and functional values as a whole to future generations. They cover structural preservation, management of development pressures including urban development within the buffer zone, management of visitors, visitor services, research and training, data management and administration. An Action Plan is included with short term (1-3 years) and long term (over 5 years) items.  Good co-ordination between the various bodies holding responsibility for the Urban Conservation Plan (master plan) for the historical core of Edirne city and the Management Plan for the property, including its conservation, maintenance and visitor management is required to ensure effective management of the property. Documentation of the traditional systems of conservation and management of the property should be part of this.