Redwood National and State Parks

Redwood National and State Parks

Redwood National Park comprises a region of coastal mountains bordering the Pacific Ocean north of San Francisco. It is covered with a magnificent forest of coastal redwood trees, the tallest and most impressive trees in the world. The marine and land life are equally remarkable, in particular the sea lions, the bald eagle and the endangered California brown pelican.

Parcs d'État et national Redwood

Région de montagnes longeant le Pacifique au nord de San Francisco, le parc national Redwood est couvert d'une magnifique forêt de séquoias à feuilles d’if – arbres les plus hauts et les plus impressionnants du monde. La faune marine et terrestre y est également remarquable, avec en particulier le lion de mer, l'aigle chauve et le pélican brun de Californie, une espèce menacée.

منتزه ريدوود الوطني

منتزه ريدوود الوطني كناية عن منطقة من الغابات القائمة على طول المحيط الهادئ عند شمال ولاية سان فرانسيسكو وتغطيه غابة عظيمة من شجر كاليفورني فارع الطول من الفصيلة الصنوبرية ذات الخشب الأحمر. وفيه الحياة الحيوانيّة والأرضيّة ملفتة وخاصةً أسد البحر، النسر الأصلع وبجع كاليفورنيا الأسمر وهو صنف مهدد.

source: UNESCO/ERI

红杉国家公园

红杉国家公园位于旧金山北部太平洋海岸的群山中,公园中成长着大量美国红杉,这是世界上最高最壮观的树种。国家公园内生活着的海洋生物和陆地生物同样引人注目,特别是海狮、秃鹰和濒临灭绝的加利福尼亚褐色塘鹅。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Редвуд

В этой гористой местности, выходящей к побережью Тихого океана к северу от Сан-Франциско, произрастают величественные леса из секвойи, которая считается самым высоким и массивным деревом на Земле. Дикая жизнь в прибрежной зоне и в лесах также представляет интерес, к примеру, морские львы, белоголовый орлан, и исчезающий вид – калифорнийский бурый пеликан.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque nacional y parques estatales de Redwood

Situados al norte de San Francisco, en una región montañosa paralela a la costa del Pacífico, estos parques están cubiertos por un magnífico bosque de secuoyas, que son los árboles más altos e impresionantes del mundo. La fauna marina y terrestre del sitio es también notable, con especies como el león marino y el águila calva, o el pelícano pardo de California que se halla en peligro de extinción.

source: UNESCO/ERI

レッドウッド国立及び州立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal en staatspark Redwood

Het nationaal park Redwood bestaat uit een berggebied grenzend aan de Grote Oceaan ten noorden van San Francisco. Het is omringd door een prachtig bos van kustsequoia's (Sequoia sempervirens), de hoogste en meest indrukwekkende bomen ter wereld. Het zee- en landleven in het park is al even opmerkelijk; heel bijzonder zijn de zeeleeuwen, de Amerikaanse zeearend en de bedreigde bruine pelikaan. Het park is speciaal opgericht om de sequoia's te beschermen, ze komen namelijk alleen hier en in de staat Oregon voor. De cultuurlandschappen van Redwood weerspiegelen de Amerikaans-Indiaanse geschiedenis. De Indianen gebruikten het rode hout van de bomen om kano’s en huizen te bouwen.

Source: unesco.nl

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False Klamath © Nomination File
Statement of Significance

The park’s primary feature is the coastal redwood forest, a surviving remnant of the group of trees that has existed for 160 million years and was once found throughout many of the moist temperate regions of the world, but is now confined to the wet regions of the west coast of North America. The park contains some of the tallest and oldest known trees in the world. Rich intertidal, marine and freshwater stream flora and fauna are also present in the two distinctive physiographic environments of coastline and coastal mountains that include the old growth forest and stream communities.

Criterion (vii): Redwood National Park comprises a region of coastal mountains bordering the Pacific Ocean, equidistant (560 kilometers or 350 miles) from San Francisco, California and Portland, Oregon. It is covered with a magnificent forest of Coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens), the tallest living things and among the most impressive trees in the world. Several of the world's tallest known trees grow within the property.

Criterion (ix): Redwood National Park preserves the largest remaining contiguous ancient coast redwood forest in the world in their original forest and streamside settings.

Long Description

Redwood National Park comprises a region of coastal mountains bordering the Pacific (to 930 m above sea level) north of San Francisco. It is covered with a magnificent forest of sequoia redwood trees, the tallest and most impressive trees in the world. The marine and land life are equally remarkable, in particular the sea lions, the bald eagle and the endangered California brown pelican.

The park was established specifically to protect these trees, because it is only here and in Oregon that they now survive. Descendants of the giant evergreens that grew during the age of the dinosaurs, redwoods thrived in moist temperate regions of the world. They take 400 years to mature and some of the survivors are more than 2,000 years old. Their thick, sapless bark protects them from fire, but landslides and wind can topple old trees. Cultural landscapes reflect American Indian history. The Indians used fallen redwood trees to build canoes and houses; commercial logging began during the gold rush era. Logging of redwoods continues and is debated by the timber industry and environmentalists. The trees stand as majestic reminders of the slow evolution of nature.

The area transcends two distinctive physiographic environments: the coastline, and the mountains of the Coast Range. The park's 55 km coastline consists of steep, rocky cliffs broken by rolling slopes and broad sandy beaches. Gently rounded summits contrast with steep slopes and deeply incised streams. Bedrock is primarily highly deformed Cretaceous deep water marine sandstones, siltstones and shales. Lesser amounts of chert, volcanic greenstones and metamorphic rocks occur as blocks within the sedimentary rocks.

The predominant vegetation type is coastal redwood forest. There are 15,800 ha of old-growth redwood, 20,800 ha are cut over and the balance comprises other vegetation types. The redwoods are surviving remnants of the group of trees that were once found throughout many of the moist temperate regions of the world, but are now confined to the wet regions on the west coast of North America. As slope and dryness increase, the forest is superseded by prairie vegetation.

There are 75 species of mammal. Freshwater marshes, ponds and streams provide valuable nesting and feeding areas for several species of migratory waterfowl. Several offshore rocks in the area are important nesting sites for seabirds. Threatened birds include the endangered brown pelican, southern bald eagle and American falcon.

Archaeological surveys, test excavations, research and consultations conducted over the past 20 years have resulted in the recording of 50 prehistoric archaeological sites, 19 historic sites and at least 21 places of significance to local Indian communities. The archaeological sites span 4,500 years and represent changing settlement and subsistence systems. Historic resources include examples of early trails, homestead and ranching, fishing, dairy, mining and logging industries, and military structure.

The redwood forests represent some 42% of the remaining old growth redwood stands, a small fragment of once extensive cover. Legal protection is total, but sport fishing is allowed. The principal National Park Service zoning classification comprises natural, historic and park development enclaves.

The parks' mosaic of habitats includes prairie/oak woodlands, mighty rivers and streams and 55 km of pristine Pacific coastline.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

2 October 1968, under Public Law 90-545, when three existing state parks were fused with the addition of about 11,340ha of privately owned land with 19,440ha added 27 March 1978. Inscribed on the World Heritage list in 1980. Comprises part of California Coastal Ranges Biosphere Reserve.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation