Lena Pillars Nature Park

Lena Pillars Nature Park

Lena Pillars Nature Park is marked by spectacular rock pillars that reach a height of approximately 100 m along the banks of the Lena River in the central part of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). They were produced by the region’s extreme continental climate with an annual temperature range of almost 100 degrees Celsius (from –60 °C in winter to +40 °C in summer). The pillars form rocky buttresses isolated from each other by deep and steep gullies developed by frost shattering directed along intervening joints. Penetration of water from the surface has facilitated cryogenic processes (freeze-thaw action), which have widened gullies between pillars leading to their isolation. Fluvial processes are also critical to the pillars. The site also contains a wealth of Cambrian fossil remains of numerous species, some of them unique.

Parc naturel des colonnes de la Lena

Le parc naturel des colonnes de la Lena est marqué par de spectaculaires colonnes de pierre d’une hauteur de près de 100 mètres qui longent les rives de la Lena, au centre de la République de Sakha (Yakoutie). Les colonnes sont nées du climat continental extrême de la région où l’amplitude annuelle des températures atteint presque 100° C, d’environ – 60° en hiver à + 40° en été. Les colonnes sont des contreforts rocheux isolés les uns des autres par des ravines profondes et abruptes issues de la gélifraction dirigée le long des joints intermédiaires. La pénétration de l’eau depuis la surface a facilité les processus cryogéniques (action du gel-dégel) qui ont élargi les ravines entre les colonnes, conduisant à l’isolement de celles-ci. Les processus fluviaux ont aussi une importance critique pour les colonnes. Le site se caractérise également par de nombreux fossiles de multiples espèces, pour certaines uniques, datant du Cambrien.

المنتزه الطبيعي لأعمدة اللينا (الاتحاد الروسي)

المنتزه الطبيعي لأعمدة اللينا (الاتحاد الروسي)، يتميز المنتزه الطبيعي لأعمدة اللينا بوجود أعمدة صخرية رائعة يبلغ ارتفاعها نحو 100 متر على طول ضفاف نهر اللينا في الجزء الأوسط من جمهورية ساخا (ياقوتيا). وقد نشأت هذه الأعمدة بسبب المناخ القاري الشديد السائد في المنطقة والذي غالباً ما تتراوح درجة الحرارة فيه بين 100 درجة مئوية (ابتداءً من أقل من 60 درجة مئوية في فصل الشتاء حتى أكثر من 40 درجة مئوية في فصل الصيف). وتشكل الأعمدة دعائم صخرية تفصل بعضها عن بعض أخاديد عميقة وشاهقة تكونت بفعل الصقيع المبعثر في موازاة مفاصل متداخلة. وكان من شأن المياه الآتية من السطح تسهيل عمليات تلطيف درجة الحرارة (عملية تذويب الثلوج)، التي أفضت إلى توسيع الأخاديد بين الأعمدة، مما أدى إلى عزلتها. أما التطورات النهرية فإنها تمثل أهمية فائقة للأعمدة. ويشمل الموقع أيضاً بقايا كبيرة من الأحافير الكمبرية ذات أنواع متعددة بعضها يُعتبر فريداً من نوعه.

source: UNESCO/ERI

勒那河柱状岩自然公园

勒那河柱状岩自然公园以其所拥有的壮观岩柱而著称,高度可达100米,位于萨哈共和国(雅库特)中部的勒那河畔。他们是该地区的极端大陆性气候的产物,这里的年度温差可达近100摄氏度(冬天-60°C,夏季+40°C)。把这些柱状岩相互隔离开来的深邃陡峭的冲沟,是岩柱的连接部分受到霜冻粉碎的作用而形成的。地表水的渗透则促进了低温过程(冻融作用),并造成岩柱之间冲沟的进一步扩大和石柱之间的隔离。河流的作用也是影响到石柱形成的重要因素。此外,该遗产还包含了大量寒武纪生物化石遗迹,其中有一些是这里独有的。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Природный парк «Ленские столбы»

Природный парк «Ленские столбы» образуют редкой красоты скальные образования, которые достигают в высоту около 100 метров и располагаются вдоль берега реки Лена в центральной части республики Саха (Якутия). Они возникли в резко континентальном климате с разницей в годовой температуре до 100 градусов по Цельсию (от -60°C зимой до +40°C летом). Столбы отделены друг от друга глубокими и крутыми оврагами, частично заполненными заиндевевшими обломками горной породы. Проникновение воды с поверхности ускоряло процесс промерзания и способствовало морозному выветриванию. Это вело к углублению оврагов между столбами и их рассредоточению. Близость реки и её течение являются для столбов опасными факторами. На территории объекта встречаются останки множества разнообразных видов Кембрийского периода.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Natural de los Pilares del Lena

El Parque Natural de los Pilares del Lena se caracteriza por sus espectaculares columnas de roca de casi cien metros de altura situadas a orillas del río Lena, en el centro de la República de Saja (Yakutia). Estas rocas se formaron debido al clima continental extremo de la región, cuyas temperaturas varían desde los 60º bajo cero en invierno a los 40º en verano. Los pilares forman contrafuertes rocosos aislados unos de otros por profundas y abruptas torrenteras que se desarrollaron durante los periodos de deshielo. La penetración del agua desde la superficie dio lugar a procesos criogénicos (heladas y deshielos) que fueron ensanchando las torrenteras hasta aislar a los pilares entre sí. Los procesos fluviales también influyeron en la formación de los pilares. El sitio contiene también restos fósiles del periodo cámbrico pertenecientes a numerosas especies, algunas de ellas únicas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Natuurpark Lena pilaren

Het natuurpark Lena pilaren wordt gekenmerkt door spectaculaire rotspilaren die een hoogte van ongeveer 100 meter hebben, langs de oevers van de Lena rivier in het centrale deel van de Sakha Republiek (Yakutia). De rotspilaren zijn ontstaan door het extreme klimaat in dit gebied met een jaarlijks temperatuurverschil van bijna 100 graden (van -60°C in de winter tot +40°C in de zomer). De pilaren worden gescheiden door diepe, steile geulen. Doordat water het oppervlak doordringt ontstaan er cryogene processen (vriezen en dooien) waardoor de geulen verbreden en de pilaren geïsoleerd raken. Het natuurpark bevat verder een schat aan Cambrium fossielen van een groot aantal levensvormen.

Source: unesco.nl

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The Lena river is covered with ice till June. © PENTA Ltd. Publishing House
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

Comprising a vast area of 1,272,150 ha, the property of the Lena Pillars Nature Park occupies the right bank of the middle part of Lena River in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) of the Russian Federation. The Lena Pillars Nature Park displays two features of significant international interest in relation to the Earth sciences. The large cryogenically modified pillars in the region are the most notable pillar landscape of their kind known, whilst the internationally renowned and important exposures of Cambrian rocks tell us key stories about our planet and the early evolution of life during the entire Cambrian Explosion, and the story of the emergence of the frozen ground karst phenomenon.

Criterion (viii): The Lena Pillars Nature Park displays two features of significant international interest in relation to the Earth sciences. The large cryogenically modified pillars in the region are the most notable pillar landscape of their kind known, whilst the internationally renowned and important exposures of Cambrian rocks provide a second and important supporting set of values.

The celebrated pillars (up to c.200m in height) that line the banks of the Lena River are rocky buttresses isolated from each other by deep and steep gullies developed by frost shattering directed along intervening joints. The pillars form an outstanding discontinuous belt that extends back from the river’s edge along the incised valley sides of some rivers in a zone about 150 m wide. 

The Lena Pillars Nature Park property contains among the most significant record of events related to the ' Cambrian explosion ' which was one of the pivotal points in the Earth’s life evolution. Due to platformal type of carbonate sedimentation within the tropical belt of the Cambrian Period, without subsequent meta­morphic and tectonic reworking, and magnificent impressive outcrops, the property preserves an exceptionally continuous, fully documented, and rich record of the diversification of skeletal animals and other biomineralised organisms from their first appearance until the first mass extinction event they suffered.  The Lena Pillars include among the earliest and the largest, in both tem­poral and spatial senses, fossil metazoan reef of the Cambrian world. The Lena Pillars shows exceptional processes of the fine disintegra­tion of the rocks dominating the shaping of the carbonate pillar relief. These karst phenomena are enriched by thermo­karst processes developed in the area of a great permafrost thickness (up to 400-500 m).

Integrity

The property has clear boundaries, which include significant stretches of pillars, and the main Cambrian fossil remains of the region. It is noted that the Sinyaya component of Lena Pillars Nature Park,  that is necessary to strengthen the integrity within the property, could be considered for future inclusion in the property.

Through its size (1 272 150 ha) the property is large enough to support the func­tioning of nature complexes and to ensure the complete representation of the features and processes which convey its significance. Besides, local and republican resource preserves adjacent to the Park’s boundaries give additional integrity guarantees for the nominated property.

The biophysical processes and landform features of the property are intact. Natural ecosystems, numerous nature monuments, and also evidence of human activity from ancient times have been sustainably preserved over a long period of time. Protection of the natural processes of the Lena River that maintain the values of the property is required.

The area of the "Lena Pillars Nature Park" has passed a long and complex period of geological development since Early Cambrian. The property reflects both significant geological processes of surface development and outstanding geomorphological relief features. The significant relief and landforms of the property are interrelated and interdepen­dent elements in their natural relationships.

Protection and management requirements

Lena Pillars Nature Park was established by the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in 1995. The property has the status of a Nature Park of the Republic Sakha and is owned by the Sakha Republic. There are some land parcels traditionally used by Evenki indigenous people. The boundaries of the land are well known and their validity is respected by the park administration. Limited traditional use of the land includes hay-making and hunting. Co-existence of traditional rights and use, and legal land ownership appears to be appropriately considered.

Lena Pillars Nature Park possesses the status of a non-profit legal entity and established in the form of state-operated nature conservation institution and financed by the state budgetary funds from the Sakha Republic. Legal instruments for the protection of the property are determined by the regulations of the Nature Park (referred as the “Statute of the State Enterprise Lena Pillars Nature Park” 2006 in the Annex B5 of the nomination document) confirmed by the Government of the Sakha Republic. The territory of the nature park is zoned and includes areas termed reserved zone, sacred places, restricted and active recreational zones, traditional nature management zone and zone of breeding for rare and extinct animals.

The whole territory in the limits of the Lena Pillars Nature Park is provided with professional guarding by the Park administration and the staff on the basis of laws and decrees of the Governments of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Sakha.

The property has an active management plan that is kept updated. This plan was developed in accordance with the Direction of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation. It identifies primary goals of the park and proposes activities on protection, scientific research, environmental education and recreation. The document is adequately guiding the management of the nominated property. The plan defines the sources of financing, which are mainly from the regional budget with a minor contribution from self-generated revenue. The total annual budget of the park appears to be adequate to conduct nature conservation, patrolling and monitoring activities, but it may need to be increased in the future. Lena Pillars Nature Park has a personnel of c.40 including state environmental inspectors, education and tourism specialists, and a range of administration and support staff.

A  long-term strategy needs to be developed that would balance the increasing trend in tourism in one hand whilst respecting the capacity of the area, and realizing benefits to local communities.

Traditional nature management and licensed use of biological resources by local residents from eight communities of small nationalities of the North inhabiting the Park territory (and absolute absence of permanent settlements) ensure the conditions for con­servation of nature monuments and biological diversity of ecosystems of the concerned territory.

As far as there is no economic activity around the property, a buffer zone is not required. Besides, the property’s boundary on local special protected areas in the south – Verkhneamginsky, Kyrbykan, Munduruchchu resource preserves and republic special protected areas – Verkhneamginsky and Amma resource preserves which serve as buffer zone.