Tugendhat Villa in Brno

Tugendhat Villa in Brno

The Tugendhat Villa in Brno, designed by the architect Mies van der Rohe, is an outstanding example of the international style in the modern movement in architecture as it developed in Europe in the 1920s. Its particular value lies in the application of innovative spatial and aesthetic concepts that aim to satisfy new lifestyle needs by taking advantage of the opportunities afforded by modern industrial production.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Villa Tugendhat à Brno

La villa Tugendhat à Brno, conçue par l'architecte Mies van der Rohe, est un exemple remarquable du style international dans le mouvement moderne en architecture tel qu'il s'est développé en Europe au cours des années 20. Sa valeur particulière réside dans la mise en œuvre de concepts spatiaux et esthétiques novateurs, visant a satisfaire les nouveaux besoins liés au mode de vie, tout en tirant parti des moyens offerts par la production industrielle moderne.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

فيلا توغينهات في برنو

تعتبر فيلا توغينهات في برنو التي صممها المهندس المعماري ميس فان در روهه نموذجاً فريداً من الطراز الدولي الذي عرفه التيار الحديث في الهندسة على مرّ تطوره في اوروبا خلال العشرينات. وتكمن قيمة الفيلا في المفاهيم الامتدادية والتجميلية الابتكارية الرامية الى تلبية الحاجات الجديدة المرتبطة بنمط الحياة عبر الاستفادة من الأساليب التي يوفرها الانتاج الصناعي الحديث.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

布尔诺的图根哈特别墅

布尔诺的图根德哈特别墅是建筑师密斯·范·德·罗厄(Mies van der Rohe)设计的,是20世纪20年代欧洲兴起的建筑近代运动国际风格的杰出典范,其独特的价值体现在创新空间和美学理念的应用上,这些理念旨在利用现代工业生产带来的机会,以满足新生活方式的需要。

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Вилла Тугендгат в городе Брно

Вилла Тугендгат в Брно, спроектированная архитектором Мис ван дер Роэ, является ярчайшим примером международного стиля в архитектуре «Современного движения», получившей распространение в Европе в 1920-е гг. Ее особая ценность состоит в применении новаторских пространственных и эстетических концепций, призванных отвечать потребностям нового стиля жизни, с использованием возможностей современного индустриального производства.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Villa Tugendhat en Brno

Construida en la ciudad Brno, esta villa fue diseñada por el arquitecto Mies Van der Rohe. Es un ejemplo notable del estilo internacional del movimiento arquitectónico moderno en la Europa del decenio de 1920. Su valor particular estriba en la aplicación de principios espaciales y estéticos innovadores, encaminados a satisfacer las necesidades creadas por el estilo de vida contemporáneo mediante la utilización de las posibilidades ofrecidas por la producción industrial moderna.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

ブルノのツゲンドハット邸
ブルノはチェコ中部、南モラビア州の州都。ツゲンドハット邸は、ドイツの建築家ミース・ファン・デル・ローエによるデザインで、1920年代、ヨーロッパで発展した建築近代化運動を顕著にした国際様式の建築物。特に空間や美的概念の革新性には価値がある。また、近代的な産業製品がもたらす可能性を巧みに利用して、生活における新たなニーズに応えることを目的とした個人住宅でもある。

source: NFUAJ

Tugendhat villa in Brno

De Tugendhat villa is ontworpen door de Duitse architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969). De villa is bijzonder vanwege de toepassing van innovatieve ruimtelijke en esthetische concepten, gericht op het voldoen aan nieuwe levensstijlbehoeften, waarbij gebruik gemaakt is van moderne industriële productiemogelijkheden. Het gebouw belichaamt het werk van Van der Rohe, die een belangrijke rol speelde in de wereldwijde verspreiding van de Moderne Beweging, een architectuurstijl die een revolutie ontketende in Europa vanaf 1920. De villa werd eind 1930 afgerond. De architect leidde het project tot in de kleinste details, waaronder het ontwerpen van het meubilair; ontwerpen die wereldberoemd zijn geworden.

Source: unesco.nl

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Main living space, Tugendhat Villa in Brno © Institute for the Care of Historical Monuments
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief Synthesis

The Tugendhat Villa is situated in Brno, in the district of Černá Pole, in the south of South Moravia in the Czech Republic. The villa was designed by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and built on a commission from Grete and Frits Tugendhat, members of rich industrial families of Brno, in 1929–1930.The prominent German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed not only the villa but also its furniture and the adjacent garden. Moreover, Mies van der Rohe closely supervised the execution of the building project to achieve perfection.

The Tugendhat Villa in Brno is a pioneering work of modern 20th century residential architecture. It embodies innovative spatial and aesthetic concepts that were developed in housing at that time to meet the new needs arising from the modern way of life, by taking advantage of the opportunities afforded by modern industrial production. Designing the interior residential area as a space without limits determines the architecture of the Tugendhat Villa. The villa also reflects the desire of Mies van der Rohe to create an architecture concentrating on the essential and aiming at the purest expression in each detail as well as in the whole. A winter garden occupies almost two-thirds of the entire floor space of the main floor. Subtle divisions made of rosewood and onyx separate spaces of this same floor, such as the reception hall, the music corner and the library. The living area has large windows and is directly joined to the terrace, which has a wide stairway leading down to the garden. The main structure of the house is made of reinforced concrete slabs supported by steel beams, some of them being polished. The basement includes mechanical equipment of the house, in particular for the central heating and air conditioning, as well as for the electrically operated large windows.

The Tugendhat Villa in Brno is one of the most original projects completed by Mies van der Rohe. He was able to fully implement his design in accordance with his intentions due to the ideal cooperation with the highly cultured Tugendhat family. The furniture was designed by the architect and some pieces were intended for specific locations. There is no other similar architectural work of the European production by Mies van der Rohe that has been preserved with such integrity.

Criterion (ii): The German architect Mies van der Rohe applied the radical new concepts of the Modern Movement triumphantly to the Tugendhat Villa to the design of residential buildings.

Criterion (iv): Architecture was revolutionized by the Modern Movement in the 1920s and the work of Mies van der Rohe, epitomized by the Tugendhat Villa, played a major role in its worldwide diffusion and acceptance.

Integrity

The main components of the property, namely the house and the garden, are still present and are located within the boundaries of the property. The protective zone of the urban heritage reservation serves as the buffer zone of the Tugendhat Villa. The views of the villa and those from the villa of the town have been preserved. All risks of the erection of buildings that could compromise the visual field of the villa are kept under control by the bodies responsible for heritage preservation. 

Authenticity

The Tugendhat Villa in Brno meets the criteria of authenticity. In spite of various alterations in the past and the loss of its original function, the present form of the villa, the materials and items of technical equipment of the villa are the same as in the design of the architect. The authenticity is underlined by the fact that the villa serves as a house-museum. The villa was used as a monument of modern architecture. In addition to regular maintenance over the years, the work done between 2010 and 2012 helped to restore its original appearance of 1930, the year when it was finished; this was achieved by the restoration of the finishes, plaster, wood, stone and metal, as well as by the repair of structural elements such as the slabs and the concrete walls. The restoration work has been carried out in accordance with the strict international conservation criteria with the use of period assembly and building techniques. The restoration was based on detailed research that has deepened the knowledge of its original architectural details.

Protection and management requirements

The Tugendhat Villa in Brno is protected under Act No. 20/1987 Coll. on State Heritage Preservation as amended and it is designated a national cultural heritage property. Hence, it enjoys the highest degree of legal protection as regards heritage preservation. The protective zone of the urban heritage reservation of Brno has been delimited as a buffer zone of World Heritage property and its preservation provisions protect the surrounding area of the property. Any actions that may affect these both types of conservation areas must be authorized by the appropriate state or local heritage preservation authorities. The villa has been proposed as a viewpoint in the Brno Land Use Plan.

The City of Brno is the owner and administrator of the Tugendhat Villa, and is responsible for the maintenance, protection, and promotion of the property. The villa is open to the public for guided tours. The site also hosts various cultural events. Financial resources for maintenance, conservation and the presentation of the site are allocated from the town budget. In 2006, the Tugendhat Villa Foundation has been established with the aim to support the conservation and the presentation of the property.

The management plan of the property is in place and it is scheduled to be updated regularly. In this document, there are monitored potential risks for the property. Since the inscription of the villa on the World Heritage List, annual monitoring reports have been prepared at the national level to serve the property manager, the Ministry of Culture, the National Heritage Institute and other agencies involved as well.