State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesBenin Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Guinea Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritius Mozambique Niger Nigeria Senegal Seychelles South Africa Uganda United Republic of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsIllegal activities (308) Management systems/ management plan (302) Mining (140) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (131) Financial resources (124) Land conversion (123) Civil unrest (122) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (92) War (88) Human resources (88) Housing (81) Ground transport infrastructure (80) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (49) Water infrastructure (47) Solid waste (45) Management activities (44) Water (rain/water table) (40) Legal framework (40) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (35) Crop production (28) Oil and gas (26) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (24) Fire (widlfires) (24) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (21) Forestry /wood production (20) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (20) Commercial hunting (19) Surface water pollution (15) Drought (15) Deliberate destruction of heritage (14) Subsistence hunting (13) Invasive / alien freshwater species (13) Interpretative and visitation facilities (11) Water (extraction) (11) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (10) Flooding (10) Storms (10) Industrial areas (9) Marine transport infrastructure (9) Translocated species (9) Major linear utilities (6) Air pollution (6) Relative humidity (6) Wind (6) Governance (6) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (4) Desertification (4) Avalanche/ landslide (4) Input of excess energy (3) Other climate change impacts (3) Earthquake (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Volcanic eruption (2) Renewable energy facilities (1) Ground water pollution (1) Pests (1) Society's valuing of heritage (1) Changes to oceanic waters (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).