Memorandum of Understanding Outlines Concrete Joint Initiatives
UNESCO and the World Bank have cooperated informally over the past decades, in particular on conservation efforts in the World Heritage sites. Today the two organizations signed a Memorandum of Understanding formalizing that on-going collaboration and expanding it to encompass a larger strategic scope.
Thanks to this Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), signed by Inger Andersen, World Bank Vice President, Sustainable Development and Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, concrete joint initiatives have been identified in an effort to pursue common objectives of the two organizations in the areas of culture and sustainable development.
“By joining forces, UNESCO and the World Bank can provide very positive input for the improvement of aid effectiveness, and make the most of culture as a motor for social development and poverty alleviation, through employment and job creation. We believe also we can give impetus and concrete follow up to the recent resolution of the United Nations General Assembly which underlined the links between culture and development,” said Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO.
The MoU is part of UNESCO’s efforts to promote the culture and development agenda, and its efforts to support countries in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). For the World Bank, signing the MoU communicates a clear message that it attaches increasing importance to cultural values in its operations and recognizes the positive role of culture in development.
“This Memorandum of Understanding formalizes the ongoing cooperation between our organizations on culture and sustainable development. Future collaboration between UNESCO and the World Bank will focus in particular on urban development for cultural heritage and the economics of culture, but will also extend to cultural diversity and social inclusion,” said Inger Andersen, Vice President, Sustainable Development, The World Bank.
The overall objective of the MoU is to provide a framework for technical cooperation between UNESCO and the World Bank in the following areas:
- Historic Cities Preservation and Rehabilitation - joint identification of scenarios to further promote historic cities and the historic urban landscape agenda in priority regions of the developing world for the rehabilitation of the urban assets and fabric and the pursuit of sustainable cultural tourism;
- The Promotion of Cultural Diversity - supporting cultural diversity in policies and programs, including the development of cultural indicators, promoting culturally-sensitive development approaches that sustain social cohesion and inclusiveness;
- The Conservation of Natural Heritage Sites - promotion of environmental protection of natural resources, in particular the sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, with an approach allowing for sustainable productive activities benefiting local communities, the promotion of sustainable forest management, and the protection of biodiversity;
- The Economics of Culture - design and implementation of an international research program on the economic benefits to be obtained from investing in cultural assets, including cultural industries, in emerging and developing countries, and the development of cultural and economic indicators.
The agreement comes at a very opportune time. As the global community is preparing to evaluate in 2015 the attainment of the MDGs and draw lessons for the future of international development, this partnership will bring a great value to the debate, especially through joint cooperative initiatives.
UNESCO/World Bank Conference on the Economics of Culture
In 1991, UNESCO and the World Bank, in partnership with the Government of Italy, organized a conference on culture and development in Florence, Italy entitled: “Culture Counts.” Within the scope of this MoU, UNESCO and the World Bank plan to organize a follow-up conference on the Economics of Culture in 2012 with the aim of highlighting the links between culture and poverty eradication, as well as the contribution of the culture sector to the global development agenda.
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