State of Conservation (SOC)

Historic Town of Zabid

Historic Town of Zabid
Date of Inscription: 1993
Nomination records (Year): 1991
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iv)(vi)
Danger List: Yes
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Read the SOUV
  • Deliberate destruction of heritage
  • Erosion and siltation/ deposition
  • Housing
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Management activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Relative humidity
  • Solid waste
  • Other Threats:

    Lack of conservation measures

Inscription on the Danger List
Year: 2000
Threats to the Site:
  • Serious deterioration of the built heritage (a high percentage of the residential houses being replaced by concrete and multi-storey buildings);
  • The remaining  houses in the city are rapidly deteriorating, due to the prevailing low income of the inhabitants;
  • Since the souq activities have been transferred outside the city, the ancient souq is almost empty and free from any type of activity and the shops are falling apart;
  • The traditional economic role of the city has vanished;
  •  The city in general, is lacking any conservation and rehabilitation strategies.

The Yemeni government asked for Zabid to be inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger to facilitate its preservation.


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.