State of Conservation
Sangay National Park
Factors affecting the property in 1993*
- Ground transport infrastructure
- Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
- Illegal activities
- Land conversion
- Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
- Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- heavy poaching of wildlife,
- illegal livestock grazing,
- encroachment along the Park's perimeter,
- unplanned road construction.
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1993
Requests approved: 2
Total amount approved : 58,500 USD
|1993||Equipement for Sangay National Park (Approved)||28,500 USD|
|1985||Public awareness programmes for local communities and ... (Approved)||30,000 USD|
Missions to the property until 1993**
March 1989: IUCN
|1993||IUCN Mission Report, Sangay National Park|
|1989||IUCN Monitoring Mission Report, Sangay National Park, March 1989|
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1993
The Committee, at its last session, was concerned about the information reported by the representative of IUCN regarding heavy poaching of wildlife, illegal livestock grazing and encroachment in this site. The Committee also noted that the Sub-Secretariat of Forestry and Renewable Natural Resources, which is responsible for the management of this site, has been successful in temporarily halting a proposed road construction project in order to bring together the relevant provincial and national agencies to discuss the environmental impact of the project and plan mitigating measures. However, the Committee recognized that the road construction project could recommence and that the Ecuadorean authorities have not yet undertaken an impact study and have not responded to repeated requests for information by the Centre. The Committee, while commending the Ecuadorean authorities for including substantial areas south of the World Heritage site in the National Park, took note of the fact that the values and conditions of the new areas added to the site were not known. The Committee, on the basis of reports submitted by IUCN and by the Ecuadorean Conservation Organziation Fundacion Natura, concluded that the site's integrity was severely threatened, and decided, in accordance with Article 11, paragraph (4) of the Convention, to include this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
As recommended by the Committee, the Centre has requested the Ecuadorean authorities to (a) provide information on the status of the road construction project and on-going efforts to assess its impact on the integrity of the site (b) consider submitting a proposal to extend this World Heritage site to include new areas to be added to the Park, and (c) consider inviting a mission comprising regional experts in order to assess the severity of the threats faced by this site and plan remedial action. The Centre, during a meeting with the Permanent Delegation of Ecuador in UNESCO, conveyed the Committee's concern for the integrity of this site, and is awaiting a written response to the Committee's recommendations from relevant authorities in Ecuador.
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1993
The Bureau requested the Centre to contact the Ecuadorian authorities to obtain information on the status of the road construction project and on-going efforts to assess its impact on the integrity of the site. This information was received shortly after the Bureau meeting. In accordance with the recommendations of the Committee, the Bureau also invited the Ecuadorean authorities to consider (a) submitting a proposal to extend this World Heritage site to include new areas that have been added to the Park, and (b) inviting a mission comprising regional experts to assess the severity of the threats faced by this site and plan remedial action.
A technical assistance request has been received to strengthen the surveillance of the park and a representative of IUCN will report on recent field inspections.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1993
Examination of requests for International Assistance - Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
A. NATURAL HERITAGE A.1 Requests on which the Bureau took a decision A.1.2 Technical co-operation
A. NATURAL HERITAGE
A.1 Requests on which the Bureau took a decision
A.1.2 Technical co-operation
A.1.2.4 Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
The Bureau recalled that Sangay National Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger at the sixteenth session of the World Heritage Committee in Santa Fe.
The Bureau deferred a decision on this US$28,500 project until the monitoring report has been examined at the seventeenth session of the Committee.
Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
Noting that the Ecuadorean authorities have not yet provided the information requested by the Committee, the Bureau requested the Centre to contact them once again and obtain information on the status of the road construction project and on-going efforts to assess its impact on the integrity of the site. In accordance with the recommendations of the Committee, the Bureau also invited the Ecuadorean authorities to consider (a) submitting a proposal to extend this World Heritage site to include new areas that have been added to the Park, and (b) inviting a mission comprising regional experts to assess the severity of the threats faced by this site and plan remedial action. The Bureau requested the Centre to report on the implementation of the Committee's recommendation to the seventeenth session of the Committee, scheduled to be convened during December 1993.
SOC: Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
The Representative of IUCN recalled that the site was inscribed in 1983 and added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 due to threats from poachers, boundary encroachment and unplanned road construction. A field mission was conducted by IUCN's Office in Ecuador and the Committee discussed the proposed six-point action plan including the recommendation that an environmental impact assessment of the road construction be undertaken. The technical assistance request for Sangay National Park (US$ 28,500) will be reviewed in the light of the findings of the IUCN field review. The Centre is requested to transmit the Committee's concerns about the impact of the new road to the authorities in Ecuador.
Requests for International Assistance: Technical Assistance
XIII.1 The Committee examined document WHC93/CONF .002/10Rev of 5 December 1993 and the Rapporteur of the outgoing Bureau reported on the requests for international assistance approved by the Bureau as well as on the following recommendations to the Committee:
A. Technical Assistance
Sangay National Park, Ecuador
The Committee recalled that Sangay National Park was on the List of World Heritage in Danger. As requested, IUCN presented a monitoring report on the site. The Committee approved a request for US$ 28,500 for communications equipment, solar panels and donkeys and in addition, some graphic materials for interpretation and public communication.
Mount Nimba, Guinea
The Committee recalled that Mount Nimba in Guinea was included on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau had recommended US$ 30,000 for technical assistance, however, in view of the need for on-site management, the Committee recommended that the full request for US$ 45,000 be approved. The funds should be used to provide for consulting services, operational equipment and on-site protection. In addition, a consultant should assist in the implementation of the new administrative centre for which legislation was being prepared. Furthermore, a consultant would organize a donors' meeting aimed at strengthening the management and protection of the site in association with the Biosphere Reserve Programme.
Komodo National Park, Indonesia
The Bureau recommended to the Committee to approve a sum of US$ 37,000, however after consultation with IUCN which had received new information, the Committee agreed to approve the full request of US $49,500, pending clarification of the training component of the project which involved US$12,500.
The technical assistance request included equipment purchases, staff training, socio-economic studies as well as the construction of wells.
Serra da Capivara National Park, Brazil
The Committee reviewed a request for technical assistance for the Serra da Capivara National Park in Brazil, which consisted of two components: a request for US$ 25,000 for measures to protect some of the most visited rock painting sites and to facilitate visitation to these sites, and a request for US$ 28,000 for the purchase of equipment for the inventory and documentation of the rock paintings.
The Committee, upon the recommendation of the Bureau, approved an amount of US$ 15,000 under preparatory assistance as it was of the opinion that international expertise should be made available to the site managers with the objective to study the most appropriate protective measures for the rock paintings.
The Committee approved also the request for technical assistance for the amount of US$ 28,000 for the purchase of the necessary equipment for inventory and documentation activities.
Old Havana and its fortifications, Cuba
Having taken note of the monitoring report that was presented at its session, the Committee approved a request for technical assistance for the amount of US$ 55,000 for Old Havana. Following the recommendation of the monitoring mission, the Committee decided that these funds should be used exclusively for consolidation and restoration works in buildings that will be used for housing purposes.
Cliffs of Bandiaqara - Land of the Doqons, Mali
As recommended by the Bureau, the Committee approved a request for technical assistance for the amount of US$42, 000 for a pilot inventory project in three of the 300 villages in the site, each one representative of the three human settlement zones that characterize the site (the plateau, the eroded cliffs and the plain). The funds would be used for equipment (US$ 8,000), research (US$ 2,000), international and national expert services (US$ 29,000) and training activities (US$ 3,000).
International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM).
The Committee approved a request for the amount of US$ 25,000 for ICCROM's Technical Assistance programme which provides assistance in the form of material, small equipment, publications and expert services to States Parties.
No draft Decision
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).