State of Conservation (SOC)

Virunga National Park
Garamba National Park
Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Salonga National Park
Okapi Wildlife Reserve

Virunga National Park
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1979
Nomination records (Year): 1978
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(viii)(x)
Danger List: Yes
View inscribed site web page
Documents, nomination, reports, decisions...
Read the SOUV
Garamba National Park
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1980
Nomination records (Year): 1979
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Danger List: Yes
View inscribed site web page
Documents, nomination, reports, decisions...
Read the SOUV
Kahuzi-Biega National Park
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1980
Nomination records (Year): 1979
Category: Natural
Criteria: (x)
Danger List: Yes
View inscribed site web page
Documents, nomination, reports, decisions...
Read the SOUV
Salonga National Park
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1984
Nomination records (Year): 1983
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(ix)
Danger List: Yes
View inscribed site web page
Documents, nomination, reports, decisions...
Read the SOUV
Okapi Wildlife Reserve
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1996
Nomination records (Year): 1994
Category: Natural
Criteria: (x)
Danger List: Yes
View inscribed site web page
Documents, nomination, reports, decisions...
Read the SOUV
Threats*
  • Civil unrest
  • Financial resources
  • Fishing/collecting aquatic resources
  • Human resources
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Illegal activities
  • Land conversion
  • Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • War
Inscription on the Danger List
Year: 1999
Threats to the Site:

The Salonga National Park was the only one of five sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo which was not included on the List of World Heritage in Danger.Due to its central location in the country, it was less affected by the ongoing armed conflicts.

Poaching and housing construction, however, affect the integrity of the site and its inclusion will allow Salonga - like the four other sites in this country - to benefit from the UNESCO project, funded in large part by the United Nations Foundation, to provide assistance - amounting to USD 4.1 million - in areas such as training of personnel and equipment, as well as protection of biodiversity.

Year: 1997
Threats to the Site:

Grave concern that portions of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park had been deforested and that hunting had been reported there, as well as war and civil strife ravaging the country, led the World Heritage Committee to inscribe the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The property has been much affected by the influx of refugees. Park facilities had been looted and destroyed, and most of the park staff have fled the area. The park may also be serving as a hideout for large militia groups, as well as for illegal settlers. This has led to fires, increased poaching and the illegal removal and burning of timber. 

Year: 1997
Threats to the Site:

The Committee inscribed the Okapi Wildlife Reserve on the List of World Heritage in Danger, one year after giving it World Heritage status, due to reports that the armed conflict, which spread to the eastern parts of the country in early 1997, had led to the looting of facilities and the killing of elephants in this site. Most of the staff have fled the Reserve. There have also been reports of gold mining.

Year: 1996
Threats to the Site:

The Garamba National Park was inscribed again on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1996 for the following reasons: 

a)         Increased poaching;

b)         Pressure linked to the civil war, thereby threatening the flagship species of the property.

Year: 1994
Threats to the Site:

Virunga National Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger at the 18th Session of the World Heritage Committee (1994) in the wake of the war in neighbouring Rwanda and the subsequent massive influx of refugees from that country which led to massive deforestation and poaching at the site.

Many members of the Park staff had not been remunerated for almost a year.

Poaching of wildlife has continued and the staff lacks the means of patrolling the Park's 650 km long boundary.

The human population in the fishing village near Lake Edward has increased several fold, posing a serious threat to the integrity of the Park.

The fuel wood requirements of almost one million refugees camping inside the Park is estimated at 600 metric tons/day and is leading to widespread depletion of forests in the lowlands. 

Year: 1984 -1992
Threats to the Site:

The Garamba National Park was listed for the first time on the List of World Heritage in Danger between 1984 and 1992 due to a serious decline in the population of white rhinos. With the success of the measures taken by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the national authorities, the rhino population has increased from an alarming  total of five specimens to thirty-five animals and the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in danger at the sixteenth session of the Committee in 1992.



* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.