State of Conservation (SOC)
Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest (2005)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Ap proved: 0USD
Joint IUCN/UNESCO mission 15 to 20 March 2004.
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illegal logging and excess commercial timber harvesting (Belarus); Uncoordinated initiatives between the two States Parties; Forest disease resulting from bark beetle infestation; Effect on forest biomes through drainage of agricultural land on the Belarus side and a reservoir on the Polish side; Presence of an artificial fence along the international boundary impeding large mammal movement.
Current conservation issues
Following the joint IUCN/UNESCO mission to Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Bialowieza Forest from 15 to 20 March 2004, specific follow-up actions were requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004) (28 COM 15B.20). The States Parties reports dated 3 March 2005 (Poland) and 4 March 2005 (Belarus), were submitted to the World Heritage Centre and transmitted to IUCN for review.
IUCN noted that the Polish report, indicates improvement in the conservation of the property and natural ecosystems on both sides of the border. The meeting in March 2004 provided for the creation of a coordinating council for the transboundary property, although this council has yet to be constituted. A substitute consultative council is currently coordinating scientific issues for the property and has been meeting regularly, with the next meeting planned for May 2005. The report further indicates that joint actions aimed at the conservation and sustainable use of the entire property have commenced, including public awareness activities.
Concerning the State Party report from Belarus, IUCN noted that the area of Belovezhskaya has been enlarged from 88,700 to 152,200 hectares with the core area alone increased from 15,600 to 30,000 hectares. All forest management activity has been banned within 500 metres of the core zone.
In 2004, the first stage of forest Management Planning was implemented with the second stage scheduled for 2005. This planning process is expected to result in a forest Management Plan outlining three activities of priority importance: conservation and restoration of old growth and disturbed forest ecosystems (including bark beetle infestation); protection, regulation and restoration of the European Bison population, and the restoration of the hydrological conditions within the forest. In April 2004, the two States Parties delegations met at a meeting in Brussels to agree on a common planning approach. It is hoped that this will lead to the implementation of a common Management Plan. Further details were discussed in March 2005 in Bialowieza (Poland). Other initiatives on this issue have taken place concurrently, including an agreement on cooperation on joint scientific studies as well as consultative meetings between the two parties.
In relation to the recommendations of the 2004 mission regarding the removal of the fence along the national boundaries, the Belarusian authorities report that during the first stage, the fence would be removed along areas where the migration paths of animals are concentrated. Information exchange between the two countries is reported to be constrained by the closure of the Polish side of the border.
The World Heritage Centre and IUCN note that the removal of the fence to allow for the migration of animals still remains contentious although the States Parties are intent on replacing the old fence with alternative means of border protection. IUCN is however concerned about the reported destruction of the primeval forests of Belovezhskaya Pushcha (Belarus) and a comprehensive report of activities currently taking place within the forest, particularly in relation to forest extraction should be requested, as the property was inscribed principally for the presence of Europe’s last remaining primeval forests.
Draft Decision: 29 COM 7B.15
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29.COM/7B.Rev,
2. Recalling its Decision 28 COM 15B.20 adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),
3. Commending the Statse Parties of Poland and Belarus for the preliminary efforts undertaken in attaining joint co-management of the property and inclusive consultative processes;
4. Encourages both States Parties to continue the ongoing efforts on joint cross border initiatives;
5. Urges the States Parties of Belarus and Poland to adopt open participatory processes that involve all relevant stakeholders;
6. Requests the States Parties of Belarus and Poland to provide a report on the conservation status as well as levels of logging, trends over time, and conversion of primeval forests to plantation by 1 February 2006 for examination by the Committee at its 30th session in 2006.
Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest
- Forestry /wood production
- Illegal activities
- Invasive/alien terrestrial species
- Management systems/ management plan
- Other Threats:
a) Effect on forest biomes through drainage of agricultural land on the Belarus side and a reservoir on the Polish side; b) Presence of an artificial fence along the international boundary impeding large mammal movement.
Other Documents:View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC ID: 1275
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).