Jebel Ouenat is an isolated massif emerging some 2000 meters above the flat and remote planes of the Sahara desert between Egypt, Libya and Sudan. The Workshop, funded by the Italian Government, enabled the identification of the heritage values of the area, including exceptional natural features, a unique eco-system and thousands of rock art sites. The Jebel Ouenat is today unprotected and threatened by a number of natural and man-made factors, including tourism pressure, looting and poaching. It is hoped that the Workshop might facilitate the implementation of the necessary actions, in coordination among the three concerned countries, to preserve this outstanding testimony of the adaptation of Man to extreme environment through the millennia.