Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines

Date of Submission: 16/05/2006
Criteria: (ii)(iii)
Category: Cultural
Submitted by:
National Commission for Culture adn the Arts
State, Province or Region:

(Province of Samar), Municipality of Capul - (Province of Bohol), Munipality of Dauis and Maribojoe - (Province of Romblon), Municipality of Romblon - (Province of Palawan), Municipality of Taytay


Ref.: 520
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Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party

Description

1) Fuerza de Capul

Fuerza de Capul was built by the Jesuits in the 18th century and was renovated by the Franciscans in the 19th century. The site is a fortified church, it is in good condition with modifications. The fortress is rectangular in plan with a bastion in every corner. There are two round, and two spade shaped bastions. The fortress is made of stone walls.

2) Daunis watch tower

Dauis watch tower was built by the Augustinian Recollects in 1774 in the town of Dauis, island of Panglao, Bohol. The watchtower guards the strait between Panglao and Tagbilaran. The watch tower is hexagonal in plan and it has three levels. The structure is made of cut coral stones. Above the doorway is the date of construction, and the insignia of the Augustinian Recollects. In some corners there are stone carvings of a human head. The eaves of the tower's roof is decorated with tassel like wood carvings and the roof is supported with cantilevered wood beams.

3) Punta Cruz Fortification

Punta Cruz was built by the Augustinian Recollects in 1796 along the coast of Maribojoc town in Bohol Province. The fortress has a triangular base with a hexagonal second level. The structure is made of cut coral stones. In its entry, there is an inscription of when it was built and the Coat of Arms of Spain.

4) Fuerza de San Andres

Fuerza de San Andres was built by the Augustinian Recollects in the early half of the 17th century. The fortress is situated on top of a hill, overlooking the town and coast of Romblon, Romblon. This is one of the two fortresses in the town of Romblon.  The fortress is rectangular with circular watch towers in every corner, and is made of coral stone.

5) Fuerza de Sta. Isabel

Fuerza de Sta. Isabel is a quadrilateral fort with four bastions each of which has a bartisan. Each bastion is attributed to following Saints; San Toribio, San Miguel, San Juan and Sta. Isabel. The stone fortress was built by the Augustinian Recollects in 1738. The fortress is made out of stone walls. A chapel is erected inside the fortress.

Statements of authenticity and/or integrity

1) Fuerza de Capul

The fortress still has the original Spanish era construction and layout. In its immediate periphery new developments were introduced.

2) Dauis watch tower

Dauis watch tower was built by the Augustinian Recollects in 1774 still maintains its original features. Except for the surrounding grounds which was turned into a park, and the roofing were replaced with corrugated GI sheets.

3) Punta Cruz Fortification

Punta Cruz was built in 1796 still maintains its original features. Except for the surrounding grounds which was turned into a park, and the second level room, the roof was replaced with corrugated GI sheets.

4) Fuerza de San Andres

Fort San Andres is almost intact, except some damaged portions of the fortress walls.

5) Fuerza de Sta. Isabel

the fortress still has the original Spanish era construction and layout. In its immediate periphery new developments were introduced.

Comparison with other similar properties

1) Fuerza de Capul

This property has withstood the test of time, and it is in good condition, intact compared to other similar properties.  The structure is an example of a fortress church with significance to the protection of both faith and trade.

2) Dauis watch tower

This property has withstood the test of time, and it is in good condition / intact compared to other similar property. This is an example of a tower fortress.

3)Punta Cruz Fortification

This property has withstood the test of time, and it is in good condition / intact compared to other similar property. This is an example of fortin / garrison type fortress.

4) Fuerza de San Andres

This property has withstood the test of time, and it is in good condition / intact compared to other similar property. This is an example of a medium sized fortress built on top of a hill.

5) Fuerza de Sta. Isabel

This property has withstood the test of time, and it is in good condition / intact compared to other similar property. The structure is a manifestation of faith and power. It is an example of a fortress church complex.