The Sugar Mill of Engombe [Ruta de Los Ingenios]

Date of Submission: 21/11/2001
Criteria: (ii)(iv)(vi)
Category: Cultural
Submitted by:
Delegacion Permanente de la Republica Dominicana ante la UNESCO
Coordinates: [18°27' N / 70°01' W] ??
Ref.: 1702
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Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party

Description

The mansion shows the date of 1535 engraved in the frontal wall besides the living room. The building exhibits great stones eléments that reveal the narrow lifestyle of the new industrialists. Like the Columbus Palace the Renaissance begins to flow through the chapitels and the base of the columns, the stair is developed more slightly than the Columbus Palace. In the Caribbean was the first sign of those styles XVI century, a central nucleus surrounded by two rooms (living and dining room) and the windows with seats placed at the sides. The little balcony, remembrance of a quattrocental taste. History and Development. In 1532 Alonso de Fuenmayor archbishop of Hispaniola wrote about Engombe and described the Italian Esteban Justinian as its owner. It had 80 Indians and 100 black workers, at first it was a hydraulically tracked sugar mil but later with the trouble caused by climatic changes by drying rivers and lagoons that serve as a feeder to that sugar complex. At the end of XVI century the hereditary fact brought Juan Bautista Justinian to repair the house and make a sugar mill tracked by horses. The origins of possibly African Engombe word becomes from the "N-Gombe" that means cow, bull, doing reference to the activity developed there.