Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, in 1960 to 1980.

Monuments de Nubie d'Abou Simbel à Philae

Cette zone archéologique est jalonnée de monuments admirables, comme les temples de Ramsès II à Abou Simbel et le sanctuaire d'Isis à Philae, qui purent être sauvés lors de la construction du haut barrage d'Assouan grâce à une campagne internationale lancée par l'UNESCO en 1960 qui se poursivit jusqu'en 1980.

معالم النوبة من أبو سمبل إلى فيلة

في هذه المنطقة الأثريّة مبانٍ مثيرة للعجب مثل معبد رمسيس الثاني في أبو سمبل ودار عبادة إيزيس في جزيرة فيلة اللذين أمكن انقاذهما لدى بناء سدّ أسوان بفضل حملةٍ دوليّةٍ أطلقتها اليونسكو عام 1960 واستمرت حتّى العام 1980.

source: UNESCO/ERI


这一重要区域有大量极具考古价值的宏伟古迹,包括阿布辛拜勒(Abu Simbel)的拉美西斯二世神庙(Temples of Ramses II)和菲莱(Philae)的伊希斯女神圣殿(Sanctuary of Isis)。这些古迹在1960至1980年间曾险遭尼罗河涨水毁坏,多亏联合国教科文组织发起的国际运动,最终才幸免于难。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Памятники Нубии от Абу-Симбел до Филэ

Эта исключительно интересная с точки зрения археологии территория включает такие великолепные памятники как храм Рамзеса II в Абу-Симбел и святилище Изиды на острове Филэ. Они были спасены от затопления поднимающимися водами Нила благодаря международной кампании, инициированной ЮНЕСКО в 1960-1980 гг.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Monumentos de Nubia, desde Abu Simbel hasta Philae

Nubia es una zona arqueológica excepcional, jalonada por monumentos admirables como los templos de Ramsés II en Abu Simbel y el santuario de Isis en Philae, que fueron salvados de la crecida del Nilo provocada por la construcción de la presa de Asuán, gracias a una campaña internacional auspiciada por la UNESCO que comenzó en 1960 y finalizó en 1980.

source: UNESCO/ERI


source: NFUAJ

Nubische monumenten van Abu Simbel tot Philae

Het openluchtmuseum van Nubië toont elementen die nauw verbonden zijn met een lange Egyptische faraogeschiedenis. Het gebied bevat prachtige monumenten, zoals de tempels van Ramses II in Abu Simbel en het Heiligdom van Isis in Philae. Ramses II bouwde de tempel Abu Simbel voor zichzelf in het oude Nubië, dat toen bij Egypte hoorde. De Grote tempel heeft vier kolossale beelden uit rots gehouwen en bevestigd aan de rotswand. De beelden stellen Ramses II voor, zittend met de dubbele kroon van Neder en Opper-Egypte. Tussen en naast de benen van de farao’s zijn – veel kleiner en rechtopstaand – prinsen, prinsessen en koningin Nefertari afgebeeld.


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Ramses II temple © Emmanuel Pivard
Long Description

The open-air Museum of Nubia and Aswan brings together cultural properties closely associated with the unfolding of a long sequence of Egyptian Pharaonic history. In addition to the complexes of Abu Simbel and Philae the site includes the temples of Amada, of Derr, those of Ouadi Es Sebouah, Dakka and Maharraqah, the temple of Talmis, and the kiosk of ak-Kartassi, the temple of Beit el Ouali which are both rare and ancient. To these must be added the astonishing granite quarries of Aswan, exploited by pharaohs from early antiquity, where colossal unfinished obelisk-like monuments have been discovered.

An archaeological zone of primary importance extends from Aswan to the Sudanese border. Aswan, situated north of the First Cataract, was an essential strategic point where, since prehistoric times, victorious expeditions had been mounted leading to a lasting domination of Nubia, the country to the south, rich in gold and other minerals, in ivory and in precious wood. To each of the great periods of Egyptian history there corresponds, if only partially, a seizure of Nubia, which enjoyed the role of a natural annex to the kingdom. The sovereignty of the pharaohs was solidly established during the New Empire. After the military conquest, towards 1550 BC, Nubia virtually became a colony, administered by a governor, whose fiscal and commercial income was transferred to Aswan. With the fall of the New Empire (c. 1070 BC) Nubia again entered a period of prosperity during the Graeco-Roman period and during the first years of the Christian era, until the triumph of Islam.

Abu Simbel is a temple built by Ramesses II in ancient Nubia; he chose to build the temple dedicated to himself on the site where there were two grottoes consecrated to the cult of the local divinities. The sovereign in this way reaffirmed the fact that Nubia belonged to the Egyptian Empire. The Great Temple has four colossal statues carved out of the living rock, fastened to the cliff wall, which depict Ramesses II, seated with the double crown of Lower and Upper Egypt. Standing between and on either side of the pharaoh's legs were depicted princes, princesses and Queen Nefertari, much smaller in size and standing erect.

The temple faces east, and Re-Horakhty, one manifestation of the Sun God, is shown inside the niche directly above the entrance. The alignment of the temple is such that twice a year the Sun's rays reach into the innermost sanctuary to illuminate the seated statues of Ptah, Amun-Re, Ramesses II and Re-Horakhty. The facade is crowned by a row of statues of baboons, considered to be the protectors of water. Inside the temple there is a great hall, whose ceiling is supported by eight colossal pillars in the shape of statues of the king, a smaller hall with simple pillars, a vestibule and a sanctuary. There are reliefs on the walls of the halls in which Ramesses is depicted in different ways but always fighting against his enemies.

When the High Dam was being constructed in the early 1960s, international cooperation assembled funds and technical expertise to move this temple to higher ground so that it would not be inundated by the waters of Lake Nasser.

Not far off stands the Little Temple dedicated to the Goddess Hathor in memory of the king's wife Nefertari, who was later venerated as the goddess of love and fertility. In the facade six statues are carved in the rock. They represent the pharaoh and his wife, assimilated to the divinity and therefore depicted with the divinity's attributes, a Sun disk between the horns of a cow.

The interior is subdivided into a hall supported by pillars decorated with reliefs depicting the goddess, a vestibule with side rooms, and the sanctuary, which contained the statue of a goddess in the form of a cow. The interior walls are decorated with magnificent reliefs showing the presentation of offerings and festive processions in honour of the pharaoh and his wife.

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