Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

The two sites included in the designation contain flora and fauna and key habitats that characterize the Cerrado – one of the world’s oldest and most diverse tropical ecosystems. For millennia, these sites have served as refuge for several species during periods of climate change and will be vital for maintaining the biodiversity of the Cerrado region during future climate fluctuations.

Aires protégées du Cerrado : Parcs nationaux Chapada dos Veadeiros et Emas

Les deux sites inclus dans ce classement abritent une flore, une faune et des habitats essentiels caractéristiques du Cerrado – l’un des écosystèmes tropicaux les plus anciens et les plus diversifiés du monde. Pendant des millénaires, ces sites ont servi de refuges à plusieurs espèces lors des périodes de changements climatiques, et ils resteront indispensables au maintien de la biodiversité du Cerrado lors de futures modifications climatiques.

محميّات سيرادو: حديقتا شابادا دوس فياديروشوإيماش الوطنيتان

تأوي هاتان الحديقتان ثروة نباتية وحيوانية مهمة ومساكن طبيعية أساسية تتميّز بها منطقة سيرادو، وهي أحد الأنظمة البيئية الإستوائية الأكثر قدماً وتنوعاً في العالم. ولطالما شكّلت هذه المواقع، على مرّ آلاف السنين، ملاذاً آمناً لعدة كائنات حيّة إبان فترات التحول المناخي وهي ستظلّ ضرورية للحفاظ على التنوع البيولوجي لمنطقة سيرادو أثناء التغيّرات المناخية المستقبلية.

source: UNESCO/ERI

塞拉多保护区:查帕达-多斯-维阿迪罗斯和艾玛斯国家公园

塞拉多保护区由两个部分组成,保护区内包含动植物及其主要栖息地,这些使得塞拉多成为世界上最古老和最富多样性的热带生态系统之一。千百年来,这片区域在气候变化时为许多生物物种提供了庇护。在未来可能发生的气候变化中,这里对保持塞拉多地区生物多样性仍然有着至关重要的作用。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальные парки зоны «кампос-серрадо»: Шапада-дус-Веадейрус и Эмас

Флора и фауна двух национальных парков, образующих данный объект всемирного наследия, являются типичными для зоны лесистых саванн – «кампос-серрадо». Этот особый тип саванн признан одной из богатейших по биоразнообразию и одной из старейших по времени своего формирования экосистем тропического пояса. На протяжении тысячелетий эти места выступали в роли убежищ для разных видов животных и растений, особенно в периоды резких климатических изменений. Считается, что и в будущем они смогут выступать в качестве очагов поддержания биоразнообразия саванн «кампос-серрадо».

source: UNESCO/ERI

Zonas protegidas del Cerrado – Parques nacionales de Chapada dos Veadeiros y las Emas

Estos parques albergan la flora, fauna y hábitats característicos del “cerrado”, uno de los ecosistemas tropicales más antiguos y diversificados del mundo. Los dos sitios protegidos han servido de refugio durante milenios a numerosas especies en los períodos de cambio climático y se estima que serán indispensables para el mantenimiento de la biodiversidad.

source: UNESCO/ERI

セラード保護地域群:ヴェアデイロス平原国立公園とエマス国立公園 

source: NFUAJ

Beschermde gebieden van Cerrado: Nationale parken Chapada dos Veadeiros en Emas

Deze beschermde gebieden hebben flora, fauna en habitats die kenmerkend zijn voor de Cerrado - een van 's werelds oudste en meest diverse tropische ecosystemen. Millennia lang dienden de gebieden als schuilplaats voor diersoorten tijdens klimaatveranderingen. Ook voor toekomstige klimaatschommelingen blijven ze belangrijk voor het behoud van de biodiversiteit in de Cerrado regio. Chapada dos Veadeiros is onderdeel van de hoogste vlakte in Centraal-Brazilië. De regio is van uitzonderlijke schoonheid dankzij uitgestrekte hoogvlakten met watervallen en kristalheldere bronnen. Nationaal park Emas maakt deel uit van het plateau Serra dos Caiapós, de belangrijkste waterscheiding tussen de La Plata in het zuiden en de Amazone in het noorden.

Source: unesco.nl

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© Bruno Poppe
Justification for Inscription

Criterion (ix): CPA has played a key role for millenia in maintaining the biodiversity of the Cerrado Ecoregion. Due it its central location and altidudinal variation, it has acted as a relatively stable species refuge when climate change has caused the Cerrado to move north-south or east-west. This role as a species refuge is ongoing as Earth enters another period of climate change.

Criterion (x): CAS contains samples of all key habitats that characterise the Cerrado ecoregion – one of Earth’s oldest tropical ecosystems. It contains over 60% of all floral species and almost 80% of all vertebrate species described for the Cerrado. With the exception of the Giant Otter, all of the Cerrado’s endangered large mammals occur in the site. In addition, the site supports many rare small mammals and bird species that do not occur elsewhere in the Cerrado and a number of species new to science have been discovered in CPA.

Long Description

The two sites included in the designation contain flora and fauna and key habitats that characterize the Cerrado - one of the world's oldest and most diverse tropical ecosystems. For millennia, these sites have served as refuge for several species during periods of climate change and will be vital for maintaining the biodiversity of the Cerrado region during future climate fluctuations.

The Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park is part of the highest plain in Central Brazil, with its highest point being the Serra da Santana. The region is of outstanding beauty, and is made up of wide plateaus with waterfalls and crystal clear springs. The uplands give way to deep rocky canyons and valleys. The main watercourse is the Preto River, which flows on a north-west to south-west direction; the northern extremity of the park is drained by the Santana and Bartolomeu rivers.

In the region of the park and its surroundings, three landscape areas can be recognized: the Rio Claro Valley Region is a lowland area, with relatively flat, undulating terrain; the Ridge Region is located in the middle-northern portion of the park, including the Rio Preto, Santana, Capim Branco and upland areas to the south; and the Highlands Region is distributed along the central portion of the park and is characterized by a plain relief pattern with some isolated tabular hills that dot landscape.

The Emas National Park is located in the south-west of Goiás State, close to its border with the Mato Grosso do Sul State; it is part of Serra dos Caiapós plateau. It forms the major water divide between the La Plata to the south and the Amazon to the north. The plateau is a gently rolling plain which descends to the Araguaia basin to the north, to the Jacub-Correntes rivers system to the east and to the Taquarí river and Pantanal complex to the west. The main watercourses inside the National Park are the Jacuba and Formosa rivers and tributaries, both of which drain into Paranaíba River.

Mammals include giant anteater, giant armadillo, maned wolf, jaguar and pampas deer. The avifauna of Emas National Park contains many Cerrado grassland specialists and endemic species. Threatened species include lesser nothura, dwarf tinamou, Brazilian merganser, yellow-faced Amazon, white-winged nightjar, rufous-sided pygmy-tyrant, cineous warbling finch, marsh seedeater and black-masked finch. Bird surveys include black-hawk eagle, ocellated crake, greater rhea, Brazilian merganser and dwarf tinamu.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC