State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (414) Housing (204) Illegal activities (162) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (117) Ground transport infrastructure (113) Land conversion (105) Management activities (100) Legal framework (96) Mining (80) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (73) War (61) Water infrastructure (59) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (58) Civil unrest (58) Human resources (56) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (54) Financial resources (49) Deliberate destruction of heritage (42) Oil and gas (39) Governance (36) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (35) Water (rain/water table) (32) Interpretative and visitation facilities (31) Surface water pollution (30) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (28) Marine transport infrastructure (27) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (26) Solid waste (24) Flooding (21) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (20) Commercial development (19) Major linear utilities (18) Storms (18) Renewable energy facilities (17) Fire (widlfires) (17) Forestry /wood production (16) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (13) Underground transport infrastructure (12) Crop production (12) Water (extraction) (12) Invasive / alien freshwater species (12) Other climate change impacts (11) High impact research / monitoring activities (11) Industrial areas (10) Localised utilities (10) Non-renewable energy facilities (9) Ground water pollution (9) Earthquake (9) Air transport infrastructure (8) Commercial hunting (8) Quarrying (7) Wind (7) Changes to oceanic waters (7) Drought (7) Invasive / alien marine species (7) Air pollution (6) Subsistence hunting (6) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (5) Society's valuing of heritage (5) Translocated species (4) Pollution of marine waters (3) Relative humidity (3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (3) Temperature change (3) Avalanche/ landslide (3) Input of excess energy (2) Micro-organisms (2) Desertification (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).