State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Australia Austria Bahrain Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mexico Nepal Niger Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (106) Housing (54) Illegal activities (37) Ground transport infrastructure (26) Legal framework (24) Land conversion (23) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (23) Management activities (23) Mining (18) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (16) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (15) War (15) Water infrastructure (13) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (13) Civil unrest (13) Human resources (13) Deliberate destruction of heritage (12) Oil and gas (11) Water (rain/water table) (11) Financial resources (10) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (9) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (7) Marine transport infrastructure (7) Governance (7) Interpretative and visitation facilities (6) Solid waste (6) Surface water pollution (6) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (6) Flooding (6) Fire (widlfires) (6) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (6) Commercial development (5) Localised utilities (4) Major linear utilities (4) Storms (4) High impact research / monitoring activities (4) Industrial areas (3) Underground transport infrastructure (3) Non-renewable energy facilities (3) Renewable energy facilities (3) Forestry /wood production (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Ground water pollution (2) Pollution of marine waters (2) Commercial hunting (2) Crop production (2) Subsistence hunting (2) Water (extraction) (2) Wind (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (2) Other climate change impacts (2) Avalanche/ landslide (2) Earthquake (2) Invasive / alien marine species (2) Input of excess energy (1) Quarrying (1) Micro-organisms (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Changes to oceanic waters (1) Desertification (1) Drought (1) Temperature change (1) Invasive / alien freshwater species (1) Translocated species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).