State of Conservation (SOC)
Galápagos Islands (1992)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:355,350USD
|1992||Revision of the management plan for Galapagos Islands||29,000 USD|
|1992||One fellowship for an officer from the Galapagos National Park to ...||3,100 USD|
|1992||Support to 3 resource persons and organization of a training ...||15,000 USD|
|1992||Financial contribution to a training course organized by the ...||20,000 USD|
|1990||Training in Costa Rica of one specialist from the Galapagos ...||2,000 USD|
|1990||Study to investigate the impacts of tourism on Galapagos National ...||14,000 USD|
|1989||Purchase of 2 motor-boats and spare parts, as well as repair and ...||59,500 USD|
|1989||Financial contribution to the Charles Darwin Foundation for the ...||20,000 USD|
|1989||One study grant enabling the superintendent of Galapagos National ...||4,000 USD|
|1988||Purchase of 4 boats for strengthening the protection of Galapagos ...||54,000 USD|
|1988||Consultancy services for reviewing and preparing a training plan ...||4,250 USD|
|1987||1.5 month consultancy mission to follow-up the zoning plan for ...||2,500 USD|
|1987||Contribution to consultancy mission for the development of a ...||2,000 USD|
|1987||Provision of 2 experts for 3.5 months to advise on the management ...||15,000 USD|
|1986||Financial support to the environmental education and ...||20,000 USD|
|1985||Contribution to the training of an environmental education ...||2,500 USD|
|1985||4-month training in management of protected areas (course ...||6,000 USD|
|1985||Contribution to purchase of equipment for Galapagos National Park ...||10,500 USD|
|1982||Financial contribution to a training course organised by the ...||10,000 USD|
|1979||Purchase of equipment to eliminate invasive species in Galapagos||50,000 USD|
|1979||Training seminar in the Galapagos||12,000 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Fire (issue resolved); Limited protected area; Over fishing; Tourist pressure
Current conservation issues
The Bureau was informed that the employees of this World Heritage site recently staged a four-week strike demanding higher salaries and other improvements of their working conditions. The Bureau also noted that a draft tourism and conservation plan for Galapagos is now being finalized and the Master Plan for the management of the Park would have to be revised in the light of the strategies and programme of action foreseen in the tourism and conservation plan. The Bureau recommended that the Secretariat contact the Ecuadorean authorities and request them to consider undertaking all possible measures to improve salaries and working conditions of the Park staff and revise the Master Plan for the management of the site, in order to harmonize its implementation with that of the tourism and conservation plan for Galapagos.
These observations and recommendations of the Bureau were transmitted to the Ecuadorean authorities by a letter of 14 August 1992. Subsequently, the Galapagos National Park Service requested the Secretariat for financial assistance for upgrading the annual training course for park guards and guides, by inviting the participation of international experts. The Chairman of the Committee approved a sum of US$ 15,000 as a contribution from the World Heritage Fund to cover the costs of the participation of three international experts and the preparation/purchase of teaching materials for this course; the course is scheduled for December, 1992. The Superintendent of the Galapagos National Park Service has also submitted a request for international assistance from the World Heritage Fund for revising the management plan of the site, in order to harmonize it with the tourism and conservation plan for Galapagos. Details of this request for international assistance are provided in document WHC-92/CONF.002/8.
Link to the decision
Galapagos National Park (Ecuador)
The Committee was informed that the employees of this World Heritage site staged a four-week strike during may-June 1992, demanding higher salaries and other improvements of their working conditions. The Committee also noted that a draft tourism and conservation plan for Galapagos is now being finalized and the management plan of the Park would have to be revised in the light of the strategies and programme of action foreseen in the tourism and conservation plan.
The Committee noted with satisfaction that the Galapagos National Park authorities, in accordance with the recommendations made by the Bureau at its last session, have up-graded the annual training course for guards and guides of the Park by inviting international participation. They have also submitted a request for technical co-operation for revising the management plan to take account of strategies and programmes of action foreseen in the tourism and conservation plan.
Link to the decision
The Committee examined document WHC-92/CONF/002/8, 8Add. and 8Add.2, as well as information on additional requests received by the Committee from States Parties during its session, and approved the following projects:
A. Technical Co-operation US$
Galapagos National Park (Ecuador) 29,000
Revision of the Management Plan to harmonize its goals and objectives to that of the tourism and conservation plan. The Committee instructed the Centre to provide these funds to the Galapagos authorities on the condition that they finalise the implementation of on-going projects receiving assistance from the World Heritage Fund and nominate in 1993, the marine park as an extension to the World Heritage site.
Old City of Cairo (Egypt) 50,000
Restoration of monuments and sites damaged by the earthquake which occurred in Cairo and elsewhere in Egypt in October 1992.
Mt. Nimba Nature Reserve (Cote d'Ivoire/ Guinea) 35,000
Organization of an interdisciplinary mission to ascertain boundaries of the site in Guinea, assess impacts of iron-ore mining projects and influx of refugees into the region and plan integrated rural development projects benefiting the local population. The Committee instructed the Centre to contact donors such as UNDP and the World Bank to explore the feasibility of obtaining funds for the organization of the interdisciplinary mission and to keep costs of organizing this mission to the minimum possible level.
Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey) 30,000
Provision of materials and equipment for the restoration of mosaics in St. Sophia.
World Heritage Cities Organization 50,000
Support to allow participation at the General Assembly and colloquium of the World Heritage Cities Network, mid-1993, Fez, Morocco.
Sub-total (Technical Co-operation) 194,000
1. Saudi Arabia 30,000
Organization of a training course (4-19 April, 1993) on protected area management for the Arab region.
2. France/Mali 30,000
Organization of a one-month (January- February 1993) course for Francophone Africa in ecology and conservation in the Boucle de Baoule Biosphere Reserve, Mali.
The Committee instructed the Centre to request:
a) the organizers to incorporate a component on the philosophy and work of the Convention in the course curriculum;
b) undertake an evaluation of the course, covering the last 5-year period, and providing specific information on the extent to which course participants have returned to African States Parties to assume responsibilities concerned with natural heritage protection;
c) to ensure in the future that these field courses take place, if possible, at an African natural site inscribed on the World Heritage List.
The Committee also requested the Centre to inform the course organizers (ENGREF/France), that contributions from the Fund for this course will, in the future, depend upon the findings of this evaluation.
a) Financial contributions to trainees from States Parties participating in two courses, namely architectural conservation and scientific principles of conservation, respectively, to be held in Rome, Italy, January-March 1993. 30,000
b) Financial contribution to trainees from States Parties participating in the 10th International course on Technology of Stone Conservation and organization of study tours during the course, Venice, Italy, autumn 1993. 44,000
Sub-total (Training) 134,000
The Committee took note of the fact that it approved, at its .fourteenth session in Banff, Canada, a sum of US$50,000 for the Talamanca-La Amistad Reserves of Costa Rica, subject to the State Party satisfying two conditions, viz. that the Costa Rican authorities (a) report on the completion of the projects for which the Committee had already provided funds and, (b) revise the boundaries of the site in accordance with IUCN's recommendations. The Committee was satisfied to note that the Costa Rican authorities have completed the implementation of two of three on-going projects which receive assistance from the World Heritage Fund. The Committee requested the Centre to contact the Costa Rican authorities and to urge them to expedite the implementation of the remaining project and revise the boundaries of the Talamanca-La Amistad Reserves in accordance with IUCN's recommendations.
The Committee took note of the fact that the implementation of the project to prepare a Master Plan for the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary, Peru, for which the Committee approved a sum of US$40,000 during its fifteenth session in Carthage, Tunisia, has not progressed according to the timetable foreseen in the project proposal due to changes in the cooperating government agencies.
The Committee was informed by the Regional Coordinator for the UNDP/UNESCO Project on Cultural Heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean that the situation is now stable and that the implementation rate of the project is expected to improve in 1993.
No draft Decision
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Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 2007 -2010
Threats to the Site:
- Inadequate implementation of the Special Law on Galápagos and lack of enforcement;
- Poor governance;
- Inadequate regional planning;
- Inadequate and ineffective quarantine measures;
- Illegal fishing;
- Instability of Park Director’s position;
- High and unregulated illegal in-migration and resulting impacts of development on biodiversity;
- Unsustainable tourism development;
- Educational reform not implemented
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).