Papers: World Heritage Cultural Landscapes - 1992-2002

Cultural landscapes are briefly noted in a broad historical and intellectual context. They are examined in the context of the World Heritage Convention (1972) and its application.

The specific focus is between December, 1992, when the World Heritage Committee recognised ‘cultural landscapes’ as a category of site within the Convention's Operational Guidelines, and 30 June, 2002, at which point 30 World Heritage cultural landscapes had been officially recognised. Their nature and distribution are analysed, as is their infrastructure of Committee Reports, Regional Thematic Meetings and the work of the Advisory Bodies.

It is also suggested that about one hundred cultural landscapes actually exist on the current World Heritage List and that, on the basis of an analysis of the Tentative Lists, about another hundred may well be nominated in the next decade. Quantitative, geographic and strategic aspects are touched on, and possible future approaches suggested. Twelve recommendations are made.

Table of Contents

The Brief for this Review
Executive Summary


Summary of Recommendations

Preface with Acknowledgements


  • Cultural Landscape 1992
  • The World Heritage Convention 1972
  • The World Heritage List 2002

Cultural Landscape

  • Definitions and Current Concerns
  • The World Heritage Committee and Cultural Landscape
  • Cultural Landscapes 2001-2003

Analysis of World Heritage Cultural Landscapes 1992-2002

A Wider View of Cultural Landscapes on the World Heritage List

  • Numbers and Distribution
  • Analyses of the Tentative Lists submitted by States Parties

A Global View of Cultural Landscapes

Some Future Directions