State of Conservation (SOC)

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122
Reports
123
Properties
71
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Risk of collapse
No
acropolis, athensAcropolis, Athens greece Greece 2001 Housing, No
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2001 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Decline in wildlife populations
Yes
ajanta cavesellora cavesAjanta Caves
Ellora Caves
india India 2001 Management activities,
Other Threats: Fragile mural paintings
No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2001 Desertification, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient city of sigiriyaAncient City of Sigiriya sri lanka Sri Lanka 2001 Air transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2001 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, No
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2001 Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Urgent problems of conservation
Yes
antigua guatemalaAntigua Guatemala guatemala Guatemala 2001 Commercial development, Earthquake, No
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
australian fossil mammal sites (riversleigh / naracoorte)Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte) australia Australia 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Illegal activities, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2001 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2001 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2001 Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2001 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, No
butrintButrint albania Albania 2001 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for monitoring of the situation at the site
Yes
bwindi impenetrable national parkBwindi Impenetrable National Park uganda Uganda 2001 Civil unrest, Human resources, Illegal activities, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
canaima national parkCanaima National Park venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2001 Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Conflicts between the Pemons communities and the National Guard
No
caves of aggtelek karst and slovak karstCaves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst hungary,slovakia Hungary
Slovakia
2001 Mining, No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragility of the abdobe structures
Yes
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2001 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
city of luxembourg: its old quarters and fortificationsCity of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications luxembourg Luxembourg 2001 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, No
classical weimarClassical Weimar germany Germany 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2001 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2001 Oil and gas, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2001 Commercial hunting, Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2001 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Yes
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Mining, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: Decline of the Iberian lynx and Imperial eagle populations
No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2001 Crop production, Housing, Industrial areas, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Water infrastructure, Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
fraser islandFraser Island australia Australia 2001 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risk to humans posed by the dingo population
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2001 Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien marine species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Yes
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2001 Commercial development, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
great smoky mountains national parkGreat Smoky Mountains National Park united states of america United States of America 2001 Air pollution, No
greater blue mountains areaGreater Blue Mountains Area australia Australia 2001 Mining, Surface water pollution, No
gros morne national parkGros Morne National Park canada Canada 2001 Forestry /wood production, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
gunung mulu national parkGunung Mulu National Park malaysia Malaysia 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of inclusion of indigenous peoples and their claims in the decision to extend the Park
No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Rapid economic development
No
hanseatic city of lubeckHanseatic City of Lübeck germany Germany 2001 Commercial development, No
hatraHatra iraq Iraq 2001 Human resources, Illegal activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: particularly worrying state of conservation
No
hierapolis-pamukkaleHierapolis-Pamukkale turkey Turkey 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Discolouring of the limestone cliffs
No
hiroshima peace memorial (genbaku dome)Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome) japan Japan 2001 Earthquake, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2001 Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of naplesHistoric Centre of Naples italy Italy 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic district of old quebecHistoric District of Old Québec canada Canada 2001 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table), No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2001 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2001 Earthquake, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2001 Housing, Management activities, No
huascarán national parkHuascarán National Park peru Peru 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Mining, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2001 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, Yes
isole eolie (aeolian islands)Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) italy Italy 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
itsukushima shinto shrineItsukushima Shinto Shrine japan Japan 2001 Earthquake, No
joya de ceren archaeological siteJoya de Cerén Archaeological Site el salvador El Salvador 2001 Earthquake, No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Mining, War, Yes
kakadu national parkKakadu National Park australia Australia 2001 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2001 Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need for restoration/consolidation works
No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 2001 Financial resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Elephant-human conflicts
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2001
Other Threats: Deterioration of the structures
No
komodo national parkKomodo National Park indonesia Indonesia 2001 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become degraded
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Continuing decline of the Baikal Seal population
No
levoča, spišský hrad and the associated cultural monumentsLevoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments slovakia Slovakia 2001 Quarrying, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2001 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2001 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely harsh natural environment; Improve the drainage for the Temple
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2001 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: Degradation of the overall natural environment
No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2001 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Destruction of Park infrastructures
Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage,
Other Threats: Instability of structures
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
morne trois pitons national parkMorne Trois Pitons National Park dominica Dominica 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
2001 Financial resources, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2001 Avalanche/ landslide, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2001 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
nahanni national parkNahanni National Park canada Canada 2001 Mining, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2001 Crop production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
noel kempff mercado national parkNoel Kempff Mercado National Park bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2001 Mining, No
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, War, Yes
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2001 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2001 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
palaces and parks of potsdam and berlinPalaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin germany Germany 2001 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Impact of the Havel waterway improvement project on the cultural landscape
No
peking man site at zhoukoudianPeking Man Site at Zhoukoudian china China 2001 Financial resources, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Quarrying,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance ; Industrial pollution
No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2001 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conservation of antiquities
No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2001 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Yes
roman monuments, cathedral of st peter and church of our lady in trierRoman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier germany Germany 2001 Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
route of santiago de compostelaRoute of Santiago de Compostela spain Spain 2001 Water infrastructure, No
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2001 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsustainable resource use practices
Yes
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Threats to wildlife migration and populations
No
sian ka'anSian Ka'an mexico Mexico 2001 Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
sinharaja forest reserveSinharaja Forest Reserve sri lanka Sri Lanka 2001 Crop production, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
srebarna nature reserveSrebarna Nature Reserve bulgaria Bulgaria 2001 Financial resources, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Loss of biodiversity
Yes
st kildaSt Kilda united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2001 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Risks of collapse
No
sundarbans national parkSundarbans National Park india India 2001 Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: System of National Waterways proposed for the Sundarbans Reserve
No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 2001 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Water infrastructure, No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2001 Oil and gas,
Other Threats: High level of salinity
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
tongariro national parkTongariro National Park new zealand New Zealand 2001 Management activities, Society's valuing of heritage, Volcanic eruption, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2001 Marine transport infrastructure, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2001 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2001 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Infection threat to bison population
Yes


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.