State of Conservation
States PartiesAlgeria Argentina Australia Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Italy Jordan Lebanon Libya Madagascar Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (126) Illegal activities (65) Ground transport infrastructure (44) Water infrastructure (42) Housing (38) Financial resources (36) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (34) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (33) Water (rain/water table) (28) Management activities (24) Legal framework (23) Mining (22) Land conversion (20) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (15) Civil unrest (14) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (13) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (12) Crop production (12) War (12) Earthquake (12) Human resources (12) Surface water pollution (11) Water (extraction) (11) Storms (11) Air pollution (10) Relative humidity (10) Localised utilities (9) Oil and gas (8) Forestry /wood production (7) Avalanche/ landslide (7) Input of excess energy (6) Flooding (6) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (6) Commercial development (5) Major linear utilities (5) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (5) Deliberate destruction of heritage (5) Governance (5) Industrial areas (4) Solid waste (4) Subsistence hunting (4) Micro-organisms (4) Temperature (4) Wind (4) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (4) Interpretative and visitation facilities (3) Air transport infrastructure (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Radiation/light (2) Terrorism (2) Desertification (2) Quarrying (1) Pests (1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (1) Fire (widlfires) (1) Invasive / alien marine species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).