State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Australia Bangladesh Cambodia China Democratic People's Republic of Korea Fiji India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Japan Kazakhstan Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Malaysia Myanmar Nepal New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Republic of Korea Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Thailand Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Viet Nam
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (428) Housing (176) Ground transport infrastructure (144) Illegal activities (143) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (134) Management activities (105) Financial resources (82) Legal framework (76) Human resources (64) Land conversion (62) Mining (60) Civil unrest (59) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (49) Water infrastructure (47) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (42) Interpretative and visitation facilities (37) Deliberate destruction of heritage (36) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (35) Commercial development (32) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (31) Water (rain/water table) (31) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (29) Marine transport infrastructure (24) Forestry /wood production (23) Relative humidity (20) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (20) Storms (20) Water (extraction) (18) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (17) Society's valuing of heritage (16) Governance (14) Air pollution (13) Crop production (13) Flooding (13) Earthquake (13) Major linear utilities (12) Other climate change impacts (12) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (12) Surface water pollution (11) Industrial areas (10) Air transport infrastructure (10) Fire (widlfires) (10) Ground water pollution (9) Temperature change (9) Invasive / alien freshwater species (9) Solid waste (8) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (8) Changes to oceanic waters (8) Localised utilities (7) Non-renewable energy facilities (7) Oil and gas (7) High impact research / monitoring activities (7) Underground transport infrastructure (6) Commercial hunting (6) Quarrying (5) Avalanche/ landslide (5) Volcanic eruption (5) Drought (3) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Wind (2) Renewable energy facilities (1) Input of excess energy (1) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Temperature (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Terrorism (1) Invasive / alien marine species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).