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It is bounded on the North by Kiblawan and Malalag, Davao del Sur; on the South by General Santos City; on the East by Malungon, Sarangani and on the West by Banga, Koronadal and T'boli, South Cotabato. The area is located within Barangays Kinilis, Landan, Maligo and Palkan of the Municipality of Polomolok; Barangay Albagan, Tablu and Lampitak, of the Municipality of Tampakan; Barangays Acmonan, Cebuano, Kablon, Linan and Miasong of the Municipality of Tupi; Barangays Datalbatong and Datalbita, Municipality of Malungon; all in the Province of South Cotabato and Sarangani. Mt Matutum is a steep mountain north of the town of General Santos in South Cotabato Province. A recent forest cover survey reported that the forest stands on Mt Matutum are found at 1,290 to 2,270 m, and are therefore all montane in type. Mt Matutum has a forest reserve of 14,000 ha, of which c.3,000 ha is reported to still be primary forest. The boundaries of this reserve are used to define the IBA.
The Mt. Matutum is a volcanic cone formed by volcanic uplift during previous period of activity. The geology of the area is dominated by material of volcanic origin. It is classified as a non-active volcanic cone; generally of pyroxene andosite and surrounding areas are classified as volcanic slopes and piedmonts.
Mt. Matutum forms the headwaters and catchment area for several major drainages including the Klinan, Silway and Buayan rivers which empty into Sarangani Bay through General Santos City.
About 68% of the area is characterized by nearly flat rolling terrain, which is generally located at the lower elevations of the protected area boundaries. Highest elevation at the Mt. Matutum is 2, 286 meters above sea level.
Mt. Matutum is host to diverse plant and animal species including the Philippine Eagle. There are 110 plant species and 57 animal species.
Mt. Matutum Forest and Natural Park will soon be the habitat of captive-bred Philippine eagle after the Philippine Eagle Foundation (PEF) considered the suitability of Matutum for the experimental release of the world renowned Philippine national bird.
Philippine Eagle sightings in Mt. Matutum have been reported since 1970s and one physical evidence of this is the recent captive of a Philippine eagle at Sitio Basak, Polunuling, Tupi, South Cotabato. (MCC/MIO-Tupi/PIA 12). Mt. Apo National Park, Mindanao- is a dormant volcano and the Philippines highest mountain (2954m). As a known habitat of the national bird, Philippine Eagle, its forested slopes were protected for the conservation of this endangered bird. Mount Kanlaon, Negros- located in the central highlands of Negros, this mountain is home to various species of ferns, lichens, and orchids. It is also inhabited by numerous species of tropical birds. Among them are hundred endemic species of bleeding heart pigeons and the nearing to extinction, Negros Fruit Doves. Others are Barblers and Warblers, Doves, Bulbuls, Flycatchers and woodpeckers.