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W National Park of Niger

W National Park of Niger

The part of 'W' National Park that lies in Niger is situated in a transition zone between savannah and forest lands and represents important ecosystem characteristics of the West African Woodlands/Savannah Biogeographical Province. The site reflects the interaction between natural resources and humans since Neolithic times and illustrates the evolution of biodiversity in this zone.

Parc national du W du Niger

La portion du parc national du « W » située au Niger se trouve dans un secteur de transition entre savanes et forêts claires et représente une partie de l'écosystème caractéristique et important de la région biogéographique de forêts claires/savanes d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Le site reflète les interactions entre les ressources naturelles et l'homme, depuis le néolithique, et représente l'évolution de la diversité biologique dans cette zone.

منتزه

يقع جزء المنتزه الوطني في "W" في النيجر في قطاع تحوّل بين السهل الكثير العشب والغابات الصغيرة وهو يمثل قسمًا من النظام البيئي المهمّ الذي يُميّز المنطقة الحيويّة الجغرافيّة في الغابات الصغيرة/السهول الكثيرة العشب في أفريقيا الغربية. ويعكس هذا الموقع التفاعلات بين الموارد الطبيعية والانسان منذ العصر النيوليتي ويمثل تطوّر التنوّع البيولوجي في هذه المنطقة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

尼日尔“W”国家公园

尼日尔境内的“W”国家公园位于热带稀树草原生态系统与森林生态系统的交接处,是西非森林与热带稀树草原地区生态系统的典型例子。该国家公园展示了新石器时代以来自然资源和人类的互动,以及该地区生物多样性的进化历史。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк «Дубль-В-дю-Нижер» («W»)

Национальный парк, расположенный в переходной зоне между саваннами и лесами, включает все основные экосистемы, характерные для этой части Западной Африки. Здесь можно проследить взаимодействие между человеком и средой его обитания, начиная с неолита, а также эволюцию экосистем этого региона в целом.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Nacional de la W del Níger

El área del Parque Nacional de la W situada en el Níger abarca un sector de transición entre sabanas y bosques ralos, representativo de las características más importantes del ecosistema típico de la región biogeográfica de bosques ralos y sabanas del África Occidental. El sitio es ilustrativo de la interacción entre el hombre y los recursos naturales desde el Periodo Neolítico, así como de la evolución de la diversidad biológica en esta parte del continente africano.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ニジェールのW国立公園
W国立公園は、西アフリカの開けた森林からサバンナへの移行帯に位置する。ニジェール川は、アフリカの鳥類の生息にとって重要な湿地を提供している。またここは、新石器時代に人類が住み着いたふるさとでもある。

source: NFUAJ

W Nationaal park van Niger

Het Nigeriaanse deel van het 'W' Nationaal park bevindt zich in een overgangszone tussen savanne en bosgebied. Het vertegenwoordigt een belangrijk ecosysteem van de West-Afrikaanse bosgebieden en biogeografische savanneregio. Het gebied weerspiegelt de interactie tussen natuurlijke hulpbronnen en mensen sinds het neolithicum. Het Nationaal park beschikt over belangrijke waterrijke gebieden, gunstig voor de interessante vogelpopulatie die hier aanwezig is en zich blijft ontwikkelen. Het park is de leefomgeving van 350 vogelsoorten, 114 vissoorten, verschillende soorten reptielen en zoogdieren, waaronder de bedreigde Afrikaanse wilde hond, cheetah, olifant, en dugong. Er zijn 500 plantensoorten te vinden in het park.

Source: unesco.nl

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Crue de la rivière Pendjari © Matthias Kunert, Direction du Parc National de la Pendjari
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

'W' National Park of Niger is located in a transition zone between savanna and woodlands and represents a part of the important ecosystem characteristics of the West African woodlands/savanna bio-geographical region.  The property reflects the interaction between natural resources and human beings since neolithic times and has produced characteristic landscapes and plant formations and represents the evolution of biodiversity in the Sudano-Sahelian biome.

Criterion (ix): 'W' Park possesses important hydrological resources that favour the presence of an interesting bird population that continues to evolve. The landscapes of the Park are very diversified, including aquatic ecosystems (large and small rivers, ponds) and land ecosystems where grassy areas, brush shrubbery and gallery forests alternate.

Criterion (x): The property contains a fairly rich biodiversity essentially comprising 350 bird species, 114 fish species (representative of the fauna of the River Niger), several species of reptiles and mammals and 500 plant species. Among the mammal species, the property contains threatened species such as the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), the elephant (Loxodonta africana), dugong (Trichechus senegalensis) and the red-fronted gazelle (Eudorcas rufifrons).

Integrity

With a fairly large area (220,000 ha), the Park is quite extensive and contains all the elements of habitat indispensable for the viable survival of populations. The natural environment of the Park presents an increase of its primary productivity, a demographical expansion of large mammals and a notable increase of its biological diversity (reappearance of several species of large wildlife that had disappeared). In order to strengthen the conservation of its rich biological diversity, notably its interesting bird population and the new species regularly reported, 'W' Park has been provided with two buffer zones: the entire Wildlife Reserve of Tamou and part of the Wildlife Reserve of Dosso.

Protection and management requirements

The property benefits from legal protection through national laws and receives financial and technical support from the State and some development partners. It also has a development and management plan.  Although the boundaries of the property are clearly defined and controlled, there are however threats such as poaching, illegal grazing and encroachment of agricultural land.  Adequate measures must be undertaken to combat these threats. In order to ensure a sustainable management and conservation of this property, a sustainable financing strategy is indispensable to guarantee the necessary human and financial resources, and especially to effectively implement the development and management plan and the tripartite agreement (Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger) concerning the W complex. The strengthening of cooperation with neighbouring countries in view of a possible transboundary extension of the property is necessary.

Long Description

The 'W' National Park, so named because of the local configuration of the Niger River (220,000 ha), is located in a transition zone between Sudan and Guinea savannahs and contiguous to 'W' National Parks in both Burkina Faso and Benin, and the Reserve de Faune de Tamou to the north. Shrub savannah is the most widespread vegetation type occurring on shallow infertile soils.

W hosts ecosystems representing the interaction between natural resources and humans since Neolithic times. This interaction has produced characteristic landscapes and plant formations and represents the evolution of biodiversity in the Sudan-Sahelian biome.

The park hosts the major populations of ungulates in West Africa and wild plant species considered very important for conservation and genetic research. The wetland area of the park is of international importance for the conservation of birds as a Ramsar site. The fact that the park is contiguous to other protected areas in Burkina Faso and Niger is important for the survival of species that need large areas for their seasonal migrations.

A total of 454 plant species has been recorded, including two orchid species found only in Niger. More than 70 mammal species have been described, and around 350 bird species are found in the area. Most of the populations of ungulate species are increasing, thanks to protection programmes. Reptiles and fishes occurring in the park are typical of the Niger River.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC