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State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
  • Views
  • Exports
147
Reports
147
Properties
82
States Parties
Properties
Categories
Regions
  • Aapravasi Ghat (2012)
    Mauritius
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities
     Read

  • Abu Mena (2012)
    Egypt
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (2012)
    Niger
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Poverty
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Erosion and siltation/ deposition Forestry /wood production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Aksum (2012)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Structural instability of Stele 3
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Alto Douro Wine Region (2012)
    Portugal
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata (2012)
    Mauritania
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Desertification Financial resources Governance Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (2012)
    Egypt
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Deliberate destruction of heritage Flooding Housing Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Ancient Villages of Northern Syria (2012)
    Syrian Arab Republic
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (2012)
    Italy
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: collapse of walls
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7C
    Threats*:Storms
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Carthage (2012)
    Tunisia
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Governance Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Cyrene (2012)
    Libya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management activities Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (2012)
    Panama
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property;
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage
     Read

  • Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (2012)
    Iraq
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Flooding Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (2012)
    Georgia
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bahla Fort (2012)
    Oman
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bam and its Cultural Landscape (2012)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (2012)
    Belize
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Housing Invasive / alien marine species Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Oil and gas
     Read

  • Brasilia (2012)
    Brazil
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville (2012)
    Spain
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Centennial Hall in Wrocław (2012)
    Poland
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: impact on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property of the rebuilt Pavilion
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Management activities
     Read

  • Central Highlands of Sri Lanka (2012)
    Sri Lanka
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks (2012)
    Brazil
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Legal framework
     Read

  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (2012)
    Peru
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • City of Potosí (2012)
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico; Deficiencies in conservation: special attention required for the restoration and upgrading of structures with residential use and the archaeological industrial heritage
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Mining Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) (2012)
    Mali
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage War
     Read

  • Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection (2012)
    Panama
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Comoé National Park (2012)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Mining Solid waste
     Read

  • Coro and its Port (2012)
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structureb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the propertd) Absence of detailed and technical information on the state of conservation of the property since 2007;
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Flooding Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Lack of monitoring
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (2012)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintingse) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions).
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities
     Read

  • Curonian Spit (2012)
    Lithuania
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas Solid waste Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Dja Faunal Reserve (2012)
    Cameroon
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial hunting Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex (2012)
    Thailand
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Forest fragmentationNeed for ecological corridors
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • East Rennell (2012)
    Solomon Islands
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial hunting Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Forestry /wood production Invasive/alien terrestrial species Mining
     Read

  • Everglades National Park (2012)
    United States of America
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Ground water pollution Housing Storms Surface water pollution Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta
    Mantua and Sabbioneta (2012)

    Italy
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7C
    Threats*:Earthquake
     Read

  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (2012)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Financial resources Housing Land conversion Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (2012)
    Panama
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors, lack of a maintenance programme, polluted water;
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Flooding Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Galápagos Islands (2012)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Garamba National Park (2012)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Human resources Illegal activities Management activities War
     Read

  • Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7C
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Golden Mountains of Altai (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Major linear utilities Oil and gas
     Read

  • Great Barrier Reef (2012)
    Australia
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Marine transport infrastructure Non-renewable energy facilities Oil and gas Pollution of marine waters Temperature change
     Read

  • Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve (2012)
    France
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Non-renewable energy facilities Oil and gas
     Read

  • Henderson Island (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive/alien terrestrial species
     Read

  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (2012)
    Turkey
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas)
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison (2012)
    Barbados
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Cairo (2012)
    Egypt
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Brugge (2012)
    Belgium
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Gradual erosion of the attributes that convey the Outstanding Universal Value and consequently threaten the integrity of the property with regards to its overall coherence and originality.
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Prague (2012)
    Czech Republic
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Sighişoara (2012)
    Romania
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Deterioration of monuments in general and fortifications in particular, weak protection and maintenance measures;
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento (2012)
    Uruguay
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (2012)
    Peru
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Flooding Governance Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Town of Zabid (2012)
    Yemen
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Land conversion Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa (2012)
    Peru
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management activities
     Read

  • Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta (2012)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Management systems/ management plan Other climate change impacts
     Read

  • Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (2012)
    Georgia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2012)
    Chile
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given; d) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Iguaçu National Park (2012)
    Brazil
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Governance Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive / alien freshwater species Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguazu National Park (2012)
    Argentina
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Governance Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Island of Mozambique (2012)
    Mozambique
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2012)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Villages in the ecologicalcorridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Mining War
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2012)
    Nepal
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Keoladeo National Park (2012)
    India
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien terrestrial species Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2012)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lake Turkana National Parks (2012)
    Kenya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Oil and gas Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2012)
    Kenya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Oil and gas Solid waste Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2012)
    Colombia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2012)
    Nepal
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (2012)
    Andorra
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2012)
    India
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Loss of character of the cultural landscape directly associated with the property and its outstanding universal value
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2012)
    India
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Crop production Financial resources Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2012)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2012)
    South Africa
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2012)
    Honduras
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2012)
    Serbia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2012)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2012)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest High impact research / monitoring activities Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (2012)
    France
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Renewable energy facilities Storms
     Read

  • Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (2012)
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Drought Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Mount Athos (2012)
    Greece
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Forestry /wood production Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2012)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (2012)
    Haiti
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (2012)
    Montenegro
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2012)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive/alien terrestrial species Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Niokolo-Koba National Park (2012)
    Senegal
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Drought Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining Translocated species Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve (2012)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Mining
     Read

  • Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (2012)
    Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Governance High impact research / monitoring activities Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old City of Salamanca (2012)
    Spain
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old City of Sana'a (2012)
    Yemen
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Land conversion Management activities
     Read

  • Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications (2012)
    Sri Lanka
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Old Towns of Djenné (2012)
    Mali
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Solid waste War
     Read

  • Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) (2012)
    Lebanon
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Legal framework Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Phoenix Islands Protected Area (2012)
    Kiribati
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources
     Read

  • Pirin National Park (2012)
    Bulgaria
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Pitons Management Area (2012)
    Saint Lucia
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena (2012)
    Colombia
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (2012)
    Italy
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Flooding
     Read

  • Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan (2012)
    Mexico
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs (2012)
    France
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Legal framework
     Read

  • Pyrénées - Mont Perdu (2012)
    France
    Spain
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Rainforests of the Atsinanana (2012)
    Madagascar
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Land conversion Mining Subsistence hunting
     Read

  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (2012)
    Philippines
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Financial resources Human resources Illegal activities Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage
     Read

  • Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve (2012)
    Honduras
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus (2012)
    Libya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage
     Read

  • Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus (2012)
    Libya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage
     Read

  • Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela (2012)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Housing Land conversion Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Royal Palaces of Abomey (2012)
    Benin
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Fire; Major deterioration of almost 50% of the earthen structural components
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities Legal framework Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (2012)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Governance Illegal activities Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Rwenzori Mountains National Park (2012)
    Uganda
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Mining Other climate change impacts
     Read

  • Sagarmatha National Park (2012)
    Nepal
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Mining Other climate change impacts
     Read

  • Salonga National Park (2012)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • Saloum Delta (2012)
    Senegal
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Samarkand – Crossroad of Cultures (2012)
    Uzbekistan
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Conservation of urban fabric
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Samarra Archaeological City (2012)
    Iraq
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • Selous Game Reserve (2012)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Reduction of elephant population
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Mining Oil and gas Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Serengeti National Park (2012)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Drought Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Major linear utilities Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Shiretoko (2012)
    Japan
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Simien National Park (2012)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Stone Town of Zanzibar (2012)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: b) Environmental pressures in relation with the Malindi port projectc) Natural disasters and lack of risk-preparedness
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Taï National Park (2012)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park (2012)
    Costa Rica
    Panama
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Tasmanian Wilderness (2012)
    Australia
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Forestry /wood production Ground transport infrastructure Mining
     Read

  • Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas (2012)
    China
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: signage
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Mining Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Timbuktu (2012)
    Mali
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Inappropriate design and scale of new Ahmed Baba Cultural Centre in the vicinity of the Sankoré Mosque; lack of detailed drawings supplied to the Committee
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Deliberate destruction of heritage Flooding Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Solid waste War
     Read

  • Tomb of Askia (2012)
    Mali
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities War
     Read

  • Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (2012)
    Uganda
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management activities
     Read

  • Tower of London (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Town of Luang Prabang (2012)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (2012)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Governance Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tyre (2012)
    Lebanon
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape (2012)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Villa Adriana (Tivoli) (2012)
    Italy
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Solid waste
     Read

  • Virgin Komi Forests (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Virunga National Park (2012)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Oil and gas War
     Read

  • Volcanoes of Kamchatka (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Mining Renewable energy facilities
     Read

  • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (2012)
    Azerbaijan
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Western Caucasus (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Yellowstone National Park (2012)
    United States of America
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Input of excess energy Invasive / alien freshwater species Management systems/ management plan Mining Surface water pollution
     Read

Threats
Management systems/ management plan(96) Housing(52) Illegal activities(41) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(28) Ground transport infrastructure(24) Management activities(24) Legal framework(23) Land conversion(22) Mining(20) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(16) Financial resources(16) Water infrastructure(15) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(13) Civil unrest(13) Deliberate destruction of heritage(13) Human resources(13) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(12) Oil and gas(9) Water (rain/water table)(9) War(9) Marine transport infrastructure(8) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(8) Governance(8) Solid waste(7) Surface water pollution(7) Flooding(7) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(7) Interpretative and visitation facilities(6) Earthquake(6) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(4) Major linear utilities(4) Forestry /wood production(4) Commercial development(3) Air pollution(3) Crop production(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Drought(3) Other climate change impacts(3) Storms(3) Invasive / alien freshwater species(3) High impact research / monitoring activities(3) Industrial areas(2) Air transport infrastructure(2) Non-renewable energy facilities(2) Renewable energy facilities(2) Commercial hunting(2) Water (extraction) (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(2) Society's valuing of heritage(2) Avalanche/ landslide(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Underground transport infrastructure(1) Ground water pollution(1) Input of excess energy(1) Pollution of marine waters(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Relative humidity(1) Wind(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(1) Desertification(1) Temperature change(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) Translocated species(1)


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.