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State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
  • Views
  • Exports
158
Reports
158
Properties
87
States Parties
Properties
Categories
Regions
  • Abu Mena (2008)
    Egypt
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (2008)
    Niger
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: poverty
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Erosion and siltation/ deposition Forestry /wood production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Aksum (2008)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Lack of cartography, documentation and equipment
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Alejandro de Humboldt National Park (2008)
    Cuba
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Mining
     Read

  • Ancient City of Damascus (2008)
    Syrian Arab Republic
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Poor state of conservation
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (2008)
    Egypt
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Flooding Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Angkor (2008)
    Cambodia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (2008)
    Panama
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threatens the outstanding universal value of the property
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Governance Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (2008)
    Iraq
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Flooding Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Auschwitz Birkenau
    German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) (2008)

    Poland
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Slow consultation process with local communities
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (2008)
    Georgia
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bahla Fort (2008)
    Oman
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bam and its Cultural Landscape (2008)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Banc d'Arguin National Park (2008)
    Mauritania
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Oil and gas
     Read

  • Belfries of Belgium and France (2008)
    Belgium
    France
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (2008)
    Belize
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Forestry /wood production Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Białowieża Forest  (2008)
    Belarus
    Poland
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: a) Alterations of the hydrological regime; b) Border fence impeding mammal movements
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Forestry /wood production Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bordeaux, Port of the Moon (2008)
    France
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (2008)
    Hungary
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Lack of conservation of residential housing in the area inscribed as World Heritage
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
     Read

  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (2008)
    Peru
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • City of Bath (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • City of Quito (2008)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Housing Management activities
     Read

  • Classical Gardens of Suzhou (2008)
    China
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cologne Cathedral (2008)
    Germany
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Comoé National Park (2008)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Fire (widlfires) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • Coro and its Port (2008)
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structuresb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add.2
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (2008)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities
     Read

  • Curonian Spit (2008)
    Lithuania
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas Solid waste Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Danube Delta (2008)
    Romania
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Deepwater navigation waterway through the Bystre mouth of the Danube River
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Localised utilities Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex (2008)
    Thailand
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Forest fragmentationNeed for ecological corridors.
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Dresden Elbe Valley (2008)
    Germany
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Durmitor National Park (2008)
    Montenegro
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Everglades National Park (2008)
    United States of America
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground water pollution Housing Storms Surface water pollution Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (2008)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Financial resources Housing Land conversion Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (2008)
    Panama
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors, lack of maintenance, as well as polluted water
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Galápagos Islands (2008)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Educational reform not implemented.
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Governance Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Garamba National Park (2008)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Management activities War
     Read

  • Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Golden Mountains of Altai (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Major linear utilities Oil and gas
     Read

  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (2008)
    India
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Housing Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Heart of Neolithic Orkney (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Renewable energy facilities
     Read

  • Henderson Island (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (2008)
    Turkey
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas);
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Cairo (2008)
    Egypt
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn (2008)
    Estonia
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Impact of the transportation of hazardous materials to the Old Town
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Macao (2008)
    China
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco (2008)
    Mexico
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Prague (2008)
    Czech Republic
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Riga (2008)
    Latvia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Sighişoara (2008)
    Romania
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Deterioration of monuments in general and the fortifications in particular
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (2008)
    Austria
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Vienna (2008)
    Austria
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing
     Read

  • Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara (2008)
    Japan
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento (2008)
    Uruguay
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (2008)
    Peru
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Financial resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Town of Zabid (2008)
    Yemen
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souk are in an alarming deterioration state)d) Lack of conservation measures and supportive developments.
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities Land conversion Management activities
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa (2008)
    Peru
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Material decay and abandonment of buildings
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Flooding Management activities
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing
     Read

  • Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (2008)
    Georgia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2008)
    Chile
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Ichkeul National Park (2008)
    Tunisia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguaçu National Park (2008)
    Brazil
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguazu National Park (2008)
    Argentina
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Island of Mozambique (2008)
    Mozambique
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: a) Delay in implementing rehabilitation of the San Sebastian Fortressb) Buildings threatened with collapse
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Island of Saint-Louis (2008)
    Senegal
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2008)
    Italy
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Quarrying
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2008)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Mining War
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2008)
    Nepal
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kaziranga National Park (2008)
    India
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Insufficient infrastructure
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Illegal activities
     Read

  • Keoladeo National Park (2008)
    India
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2008)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Structural integrity of the Church of the Transfiguration
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zhukov
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Legal framework Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2008)
    Kenya
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lorentz National Park (2008)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Housing Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2008)
    Colombia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Civil unrest Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2008)
    Nepal
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • M'Zab Valley (2008)
    Algeria
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Degradation of the environment
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Flooding Ground water pollution Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Macquarie Island (2008)
    Australia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive/alien terrestrial species
     Read

  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (2008)
    Andorra
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2008)
    India
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Forced evacuation of Park stafDestruction of Park infrastructure
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Crop production Illegal activities
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2008)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Human resources Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manú National Park (2008)
    Peru
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Oil and gas
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2008)
    Honduras
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2008)
    Serbia
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) (2008)
    Morocco
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: a) Progressive deterioration of the built area b) Continuous collapse of buildingsc) Major deterioration of the maritime part of the fortifications of the Medina
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Solid waste
     Read

  • Megalithic Temples of Malta (2008)
    Malta
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2008)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2008)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (2008)
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Drought Housing Input of excess energy Invasive/alien terrestrial species Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Surface water pollution Water (extraction)
     Read

  • Mount Athos (2008)
    Greece
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Forestry /wood production Ground transport infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (2008)
    Kenya
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Community-wildlife conflict;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2008)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (2008)
    Montenegro
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Niokolo-Koba National Park (2008)
    Senegal
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining Translocated species Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve (2008)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Mining
     Read

  • Old and New Towns of Edinburgh (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Solid waste
     Read

  • Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar (2008)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Cracks at the Mostar bridge
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (2008)
    Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Natural risk factors b) Deterioration of monuments
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add.2
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Governance High impact research / monitoring activities Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old City of Salamanca (2008)
    Spain
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications (2008)
    Sri Lanka
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Tsunami/tidal wave
     Read

  • Old Town of Lijiang (2008)
    China
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old Towns of Djenné (2008)
    Mali
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn (2008)
    Austria
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Parthian Fortresses of Nisa (2008)
    Turkmenistan
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities
     Read

  • Pitons Management Area (2008)
    Saint Lucia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena (2008)
    Colombia
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Dilapidated state of conservation of the Church of Santo Domingo
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan (2008)
    Mexico
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley (2008)
    France
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Micro-organisms
     Read

  • Purnululu National Park (2008)
    Australia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Mining
     Read

  • Pyrénées - Mont Perdu (2008)
    France
    Spain
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Red Fort Complex (2008)
    India
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (2008)
    Philippines
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Financial resources Housing Human resources Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage
     Read

  • Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape (2008)
    South Africa
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Mining
     Read

  • Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve (2008)
    Honduras
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Housing Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela (2008)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Geological and architectural characteristics of the churches
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Royal Palaces of Abomey (2008)
    Benin
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Major deterioration of almost 50% of the earthen structural components;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities Legal framework
     Read

  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (2008)
    United Republic of Tanzania
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add.2
    Threats*:Governance Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur (2008)
    Bangladesh
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Salonga National Park (2008)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting War
     Read

  • Samarkand – Crossroad of Cultures (2008)
    Uzbekistan
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management activities
     Read

  • Samarra Archaeological City (2008)
    Iraq
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:War
     Read

  • Sangay National Park (2008)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Sangiran Early Man Site (2008)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Sceilg Mhichíl (2008)
    Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Selous Game Reserve (2008)
    United Republic of Tanzania
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Mining Oil and gas Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Shiretoko (2008)
    Japan
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B,WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Corr
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Simien National Park (2008)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species;
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Stone Town of Zanzibar (2008)
    United Republic of Tanzania
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Environmental pressures
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park (2008)
    Costa Rica
    Panama
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Tasmanian Wilderness (2008)
    Australia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Forestry /wood production Ground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • The Sundarbans (2008)
    Bangladesh
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Storms
     Read

  • Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas (2008)
    China
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Mining Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Timbuktu (2008)
    Mali
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add2
    Threats*:Flooding Housing Management activities Solid waste
     Read

  • Tipasa (2008)
    Algeria
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: poor conservation conditions for the archaeological remains
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture (2008)
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:High impact research / monitoring activities Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape (2008)
    Hungary
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Non-renewable energy facilities
     Read

  • Tower of London (2008)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Town of Luang Prabang (2008)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (2008)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Governance Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Tyre (2008)
    Lebanon
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) (2008)
    Jordan
    Year: 2008
    Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Upper Middle Rhine Valley (2008)
    Germany
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Input of excess energy
     Read

  • Vilnius Historic Centre (2008)
    Lithuania
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Virunga National Park (2008)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals War
     Read

  • Volcanoes of Kamchatka (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Mining Oil and gas Renewable energy facilities
     Read

  • Vredefort Dome (2008)
    South Africa
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) (2008)
    Egypt
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (2008)
    Azerbaijan
    Year: 2008
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Western Caucasus (2008)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Works of Antoni Gaudí  (2008)
    Spain
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Yellowstone National Park (2008)
    United States of America
    Year: 2008
    Document Source: WHC-08/32.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Input of excess energy Invasive / alien freshwater species Management systems/ management plan Mining Surface water pollution
     Read

Threats
Management systems/ management plan(96) Housing(58) Illegal activities(35) Ground transport infrastructure(28) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(24) Management activities(20) Land conversion(17) Financial resources(17) Legal framework(15) Deliberate destruction of heritage(14) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(13) Mining(13) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(13) Civil unrest(13) Water infrastructure(12) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(12) Human resources(11) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(10) Water (rain/water table)(8) Solid waste(7) Surface water pollution(7) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(7) Commercial development(6) Interpretative and visitation facilities(6) Marine transport infrastructure(6) Oil and gas(6) War(6) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(5) Forestry /wood production(5) Flooding(5) Governance(5) Earthquake(4) Major linear utilities(3) Input of excess energy(3) Crop production(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(3) High impact research / monitoring activities(3) Underground transport infrastructure(2) Renewable energy facilities(2) Air pollution(2) Ground water pollution(2) Water (extraction) (2) Relative humidity(2) Storms(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Invasive / alien freshwater species(2) Air transport infrastructure(1) Localised utilities(1) Non-renewable energy facilities(1) Quarrying(1) Micro-organisms(1) Wind(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Society's valuing of heritage(1) Drought(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Tsunami/tidal wave(1) Translocated species(1)


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.