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State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
  • Views
  • Exports
169
Reports
172
Properties
84
States Parties
Properties
Categories
Regions
  • Aapravasi Ghat (2011)
    Mauritius
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities
     Read

  • Abu Mena (2011)
    Egypt
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Agra Fort
    Taj Mahal
    Fatehpur Sikri (2011)

    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Housing
     Read

  • Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (2011)
    Niger
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: poverty
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Erosion and siltation/ deposition Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Ancient City of Damascus (2011)
    Syrian Arab Republic
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ancient City of Nessebar (2011)
    Bulgaria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (2011)
    Italy
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: collapse of a wall
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Hyper-abundant species Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro (2011)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: deterioration of structures
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Carthage (2011)
    Tunisia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Cyrene (2011)
    Libya
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management activities Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (2011)
    Panama
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: a) Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threatens the Outstanding Universal Value of the property;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Financial resources Housing Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage
     Read

  • Architectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh (2011)
    Belarus
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (2011)
    Iraq
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: fragile mud brick structures
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Flooding Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (2011)
    Georgia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Bam and its Cultural Landscape (2011)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (2011)
    Belize
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Housing Invasive / alien marine species Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Oil and gas Translocated species
     Read

  • Brasilia (2011)
    Brazil
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (2011)
    Hungary
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (2011)
    Mexico
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville (2011)
    Spain
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add.2
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Centennial Hall in Wrocław (2011)
    Poland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Central Highlands of Sri Lanka (2011)
    Sri Lanka
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks (2011)
    Brazil
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Legal framework
     Read

  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Churches of Moldavia (2011)
    Romania
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: structural problems and deterioration of the mural paintings
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Relative humidity Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • City of Cuzco (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • City of Potosí (2011)
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Mining Surface water pollution
     Read

  • City of Quito (2011)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection (2011)
    Panama
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Colonial City of Santo Domingo (2011)
    Dominican Republic
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Land conversion Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage Storms
     Read

  • Comoé National Park (2011)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Complex of Hué Monuments (2011)
    Viet Nam
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing
     Read

  • Coro and its Port (2011)
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structuresb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (2011)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintingse) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions).
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities
     Read

  • Curonian Spit (2011)
    Lithuania
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas Solid waste Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Dja Faunal Reserve (2011)
    Cameroon
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial hunting Crop production Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (2011)
    Senegal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: soils salinity
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Invasive / alien freshwater species Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Subsistence hunting
     Read

  • Doñana National Park (2011)
    Spain
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Management systems/ management plan Pollution of marine waters Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex (2011)
    Thailand
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Forest fragmentationNeed for ecological corridors
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Structural degradation of its components of the property
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Everglades National Park (2011)
    United States of America
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Ground water pollution Land conversion Management activities Pollution of marine waters Storms Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (2011)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Financial resources Housing Land conversion Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (2011)
    Panama
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: a) Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Pollution of marine waters Storms
     Read

  • Galápagos Islands (2011)
    Ecuador
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Educational reform not implemented.
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Governance Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Garamba National Park (2011)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region (2011)
    Sudan
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Flooding Housing Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Golden Mountains of Altai (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Major linear utilities Oil and gas
     Read

  • Great Barrier Reef (2011)
    Australia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Changes to oceanic waters Oil and gas Pollution of marine waters Temperature change
     Read

  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ha Long Bay (2011)
    Viet Nam
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Industrial areas Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (2011)
    Turkey
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: a) Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas);
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Cairo (2011)
    Egypt
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn (2011)
    Estonia
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: e) Impact of the transportation of hazardous materials to the Old Town;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Bukhara (2011)
    Uzbekistan
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Localised utilities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Český Krumlov (2011)
    Czech Republic
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Lima (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Macao (2011)
    China
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco (2011)
    Mexico
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Naples (2011)
    Italy
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Prague (2011)
    Czech Republic
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (2011)
    Austria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra  (2011)
    Albania
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic City of Meknes (2011)
    Morocco
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa (2011)
    China
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management activities
     Read

  • Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara (2011)
    Japan
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento (2011)
    Uruguay
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Avalanche/ landslide Flooding Governance Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historic Town of Zabid (2011)
    Yemen
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souq are in an alarming deterioration state)
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Housing Land conversion Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management activities
     Read

  • Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta (2011)
    Pakistan
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: b) Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (2011)
    Georgia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2011)
    Chile
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture (2011)
    Spain
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Island of Gorée (2011)
    Senegal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: risk of collapse of historic building
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add.2
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities
     Read

  • Island of Saint-Louis (2011)
    Senegal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2011)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Mining War
     Read

  • Kasbah of Algiers (2011)
    Algeria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2011)
    Nepal
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kaziranga National Park (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Illegal activities
     Read

  • Keoladeo National Park (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien terrestrial species Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2011)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou (2011)
    Morocco
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Partial abandonment of the property
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Erosion and siltation/ deposition Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (2011)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems (2011)
    France
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Mining Other climate change impacts
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lake Turkana National Parks (2011)
    Kenya
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2011)
    Kenya
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Oil and gas Solid waste
     Read

  • Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Lack of systematic monitoring of the site
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2011)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lorentz National Park (2011)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Housing Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2011)
    Colombia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2011)
    Nepal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (2011)
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Mining
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Crop production Financial resources Illegal activities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2011)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manú National Park (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas
     Read

  • Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2011)
    South Africa
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2011)
    Honduras
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: b) Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2011)
    Serbia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add,WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add.Corr
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca (2011)
    Malaysia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2011)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest High impact research / monitoring activities Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (2011)
    Mexico
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (2011)
    France
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Renewable energy facilities Storms
     Read

  • Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (2011)
    Kenya
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: community-wildlife conflit
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2011)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (2011)
    Haiti
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2011)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive / alien freshwater species Land conversion
     Read

  • Niokolo-Koba National Park (2011)
    Senegal
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Drought Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining Translocated species Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve (2011)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Mining
     Read

  • Old and New Towns of Edinburgh (2011)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing
     Read

  • Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar (2011)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: b) Cracks appearing on the surface of the old bridge.
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (2011)
    Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorse) Deterioration of monuments;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Governance High impact research / monitoring activities Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Old City of Sana'a (2011)
    Yemen
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Housing Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Land conversion
     Read

  • Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications (2011)
    Sri Lanka
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Old Town of Lijiang (2011)
    China
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) (2011)
    Lebanon
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: d) Degradation of the mural paintings and the buildings;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
    Historic Centre of Vienna (2011)

    Austria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church (2011)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Petra (2011)
    Jordan
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Pirin National Park (2011)
    Bulgaria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Pitons Management Area (2011)
    Saint Lucia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Prambanan Temple Compounds (2011)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Volcanic eruption
     Read

  • Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley (2011)
    France
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Micro-organisms
     Read

  • Purnululu National Park (2011)
    Australia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Rainforests of the Atsinanana (2011)
    Madagascar
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Land conversion Mining
     Read

  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (2011)
    Philippines
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Financial resources Human resources Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Society's valuing of heritage
     Read

  • Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve (2011)
    Honduras
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species Land conversion Legal framework Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus (2011)
    Libya
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage
     Read

  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (2011)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Governance Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur (2011)
    Bangladesh
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Management systems/ management plan Relative humidity
     Read

  • Salonga National Park (2011)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • Samarkand – Crossroad of Cultures (2011)
    Uzbekistan
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Samarra Archaeological City (2011)
    Iraq
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan War
     Read

  • San Agustín Archaeological Park (2011)
    Colombia
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: State of conservation of the fabric of the megalithic sculptures
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Sangiran Early Man Site (2011)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Selous Game Reserve (2011)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: b) Reduction of elephant populations;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Mining Oil and gas Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Serengeti National Park (2011)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Drought Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Major linear utilities Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Seventeenth-Century Canal Ring Area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht (2011)
    Netherlands
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Simien National Park (2011)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
     Read

  • Stone Town of Zanzibar (2011)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Changes to oceanic waters Financial resources Housing Human resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (2011)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park (2011)
    Costa Rica
    Panama
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Temple of Preah Vihear (2011)
    Cambodia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add.2
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • The Sundarbans (2011)
    Bangladesh
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Storms
     Read

  • Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas (2011)
    China
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Mining Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Timbuktu (2011)
    Mali
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: a) Inappropriate design and scale of new Ahmed Baba Cultural Centre in the vicinity of the Sankoré Mosque; lack of detailed drawings supplied to the Committee;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Flooding Housing Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Tipasa (2011)
    Algeria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture (2011)
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Governance Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape (2011)
    Hungary
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Legal framework Localised utilities Management systems/ management plan Quarrying
     Read

  • Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (2011)
    Uganda
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management activities
     Read

  • Tower of Hercules (2011)
    Spain
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Tower of London (2011)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (2011)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Governance Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park (2011)
    Philippines
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Illegal activities Oil and gas
     Read

  • Tyre (2011)
    Lebanon
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) (2011)
    Jordan
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Upper Middle Rhine Valley (2011)
    Germany
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Input of excess energy
     Read

  • Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape (2011)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Vilnius Historic Centre (2011)
    Lithuania
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Virgin Komi Forests (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Virunga National Park (2011)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Oil and gas War
     Read

  • Vredefort Dome (2011)
    South Africa
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Western Caucasus (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Works of Antoni Gaudí  (2011)
    Spain
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

Threats
Management systems/ management plan(108) Housing(61) Illegal activities(42) Ground transport infrastructure(25) Management activities(25) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(23) Land conversion(23) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(21) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(19) Legal framework(19) Financial resources(18) Mining(17) Human resources(16) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(13) Civil unrest(13) Deliberate destruction of heritage(13) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(12) Water infrastructure(11) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(10) Oil and gas(9) Water (rain/water table)(9) Interpretative and visitation facilities(7) Marine transport infrastructure(7) Surface water pollution(6) Crop production(6) Governance(6) Solid waste(5) War(5) Storms(5) Earthquake(5) Underground transport infrastructure(4) Pollution of marine waters(4) Flooding(4) Fire (widlfires)(4) Commercial development(3) Industrial areas(3) Major linear utilities(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Relative humidity(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Society's valuing of heritage(3) Invasive / alien freshwater species(3) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(3) High impact research / monitoring activities(3) Air transport infrastructure(2) Localised utilities(2) Water (extraction) (2) Wind(2) Changes to oceanic waters(2) Drought(2) Translocated species(2) Renewable energy facilities(1) Ground water pollution(1) Input of excess energy(1) Commercial hunting(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Quarrying(1) Micro-organisms(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Temperature change(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Volcanic eruption(1) Hyper-abundant species(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1)


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.