State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Cuba Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Guinea Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (104) Housing (71) Illegal activities (44) Ground transport infrastructure (28) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (27) Management activities (25) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (22) Land conversion (22) Human resources (19) Deliberate destruction of heritage (18) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (17) Mining (16) Financial resources (16) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (15) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (15) Legal framework (13) Civil unrest (12) Water infrastructure (10) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (10) Interpretative and visitation facilities (9) Water (rain/water table) (9) Marine transport infrastructure (7) Forestry /wood production (6) Oil and gas (6) War (6) Governance (6) Commercial development (5) Solid waste (5) Earthquake (5) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (5) Air transport infrastructure (4) Major linear utilities (4) Crop production (4) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (4) Flooding (4) Underground transport infrastructure (3) Surface water pollution (3) Commercial hunting (3) Water (extraction) (3) Relative humidity (3) Wind (3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Other climate change impacts (3) Temperature change (3) Fire (widlfires) (3) Invasive / alien freshwater species (3) Industrial areas (2) Ground water pollution (2) Subsistence hunting (2) Micro-organisms (2) Temperature (2) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (2) Storms (2) High impact research / monitoring activities (2) Localised utilities (1) Non-renewable energy facilities (1) Air pollution (1) Input of excess energy (1) Avalanche/ landslide (1) Translocated species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).