State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Czechia Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (817) Housing (446) Illegal activities (323) Ground transport infrastructure (215) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (212) Management activities (194) Land conversion (191) Legal framework (169) Mining (151) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (149) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (115) Financial resources (114) Human resources (113) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (112) Water infrastructure (109) Civil unrest (109) Deliberate destruction of heritage (99) War (86) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (67) Oil and gas (67) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (67) Water (rain/water table) (66) Governance (63) Interpretative and visitation facilities (58) Marine transport infrastructure (57) Surface water pollution (54) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (50) Solid waste (49) Flooding (40) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (33) Storms (32) Commercial development (31) Earthquake (31) Major linear utilities (30) Forestry /wood production (30) Fire (widlfires) (30) Crop production (28) Renewable energy facilities (23) Water (extraction) (23) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (23) Underground transport infrastructure (22) High impact research / monitoring activities (22) Other climate change impacts (21) Invasive / alien freshwater species (20) Industrial areas (18) Commercial hunting (17) Air transport infrastructure (16) Ground water pollution (16) Wind (16) Society's valuing of heritage (15) Air pollution (14) Drought (14) Localised utilities (13) Non-renewable energy facilities (13) Relative humidity (12) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (11) Invasive / alien marine species (11) Subsistence hunting (10) Changes to oceanic waters (10) Temperature change (10) Quarrying (9) Translocated species (9) Avalanche/ landslide (8) Input of excess energy (7) Pollution of marine waters (7) Micro-organisms (6) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (4) Desertification (3) Temperature (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).