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State of Conservation (SOC)

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  • Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (2010)
    Georgia
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (2009)
    Georgia
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: f) Loss of authenticity
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2013)
    Chile
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given; d) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2012)
    Chile
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given; d) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2011)
    Chile
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2010)
    Chile
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2009)
    Chile
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Management systems/ management plan Wind
     Read

  • Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture (2011)
    Spain
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture (2010)
    Spain
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture (2009)
    Spain
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Ichkeul National Park (2010)
    Tunisia
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguaçu National Park (2012)
    Brazil
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Governance Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive / alien freshwater species Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguaçu National Park (2010)
    Brazil
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguazu National Park (2012)
    Argentina
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Governance Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Iguazu National Park (2010)
    Argentina
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Ilulissat Icefjord (2009)
    Denmark
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Subsistence hunting Temperature change
     Read

  • Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
    Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing
    Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing (2009)

    China
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: c) Lack of documentary evidence and clearly formulated principles to guide the conservation works.
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Island of Gorée (2013)
    Senegal
    Year: 2013
    Other Threats: risk of collapse of historic building
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities
     Read

  • Island of Gorée (2011)
    Senegal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: risk of collapse of historic building
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add.2
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities
     Read

  • Island of Gorée (2009)
    Senegal
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Risk of collapse of historic buildings;
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities
     Read

  • Island of Mozambique (2012)
    Mozambique
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Island of Mozambique (2010)
    Mozambique
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: b) Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings;
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add.2
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Island of Mozambique (2009)
    Mozambique
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings;
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Island of Saint-Louis (2013)
    Senegal
    Year: 2013
    Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Island of Saint-Louis (2011)
    Senegal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Island of Saint-Louis (2010)
    Senegal
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: f) Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants;
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Island of Saint-Louis (2009)
    Senegal
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants;
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Human resources Management activities Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2010)
    Italy
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Quarrying
     Read

  • Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church (2009)
    Denmark
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: surface deterioration of two runic stones, part of the overall property
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Temperature Water (rain/water table) Wind
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2013)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Villages in the ecological corridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Mining War
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2012)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Villages in the ecologicalcorridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Mining War
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2011)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Mining War
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2010)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Mining War
     Read

  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (2009)
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Land conversion Mining War
     Read

  • Kasbah of Algiers (2013)
    Algeria
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Kasbah of Algiers (2011)
    Algeria
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Kasbah of Algiers (2009)
    Algeria
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: b) Lack of maintenance of dwelling places;
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Erosion and siltation/ deposition Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2013)
    Nepal
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2012)
    Nepal
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kathmandu Valley  (2011)
    Nepal
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kaziranga National Park (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Illegal activities
     Read

  • Kaziranga National Park (2009)
    India
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Human resources Illegal activities
     Read

  • Keoladeo National Park (2012)
    India
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien terrestrial species Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Keoladeo National Park (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien terrestrial species Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Keoladeo National Park (2009)
    India
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2013)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2012)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2011)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2010)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (2009)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2013)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Management activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management activities Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2010)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: a) Structural integrity of the Church of the Transfiguration
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kizhi Pogost (2009)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Structural integrity of the Church of the Transfiguration
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (2013)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (2010)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: Erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zhukov
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (2009)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zhukov
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou (2011)
    Morocco
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Partial abandonment of the property
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Erosion and siltation/ deposition Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou (2009)
    Morocco
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: a) Partial abandonment of the property;
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Erosion and siltation/ deposition Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (2013)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (2011)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (2010)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (2009)
    Ukraine
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Solid waste
     Read

  • Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems (2011)
    France
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan Mining Other climate change impacts
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2013)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Mining Surface water pollution Water (extraction)
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2011)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2010)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Lake Baikal (2009)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Ground water pollution Housing Illegal activities Land conversion Legal framework Major linear utilities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas
     Read

  • Lake Malawi National Park (2013)
    Malawi
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas
     Read

  • Lake Turkana National Parks (2013)
    Kenya
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add.Corr
    Threats*:Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lake Turkana National Parks (2012)
    Kenya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Oil and gas Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lake Turkana National Parks (2011)
    Kenya
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2013)
    Kenya
    Year: 2013
    Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Solid waste
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2012)
    Kenya
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Oil and gas Solid waste Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2011)
    Kenya
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Oil and gas Solid waste
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2010)
    Kenya
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: Lack of adequate sewerage, waste disposal, and overall infrastructure, and risk to limited fresh water supplies; Fire
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add.2
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Oil and gas Solid waste
     Read

  • Lamu Old Town (2009)
    Kenya
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Housing Human resources Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Marine transport infrastructure Oil and gas Solid waste
     Read

  • Laurisilva of Madeira (2009)
    Portugal
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (2013)
    Peru
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Legal framework Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Lack of systematic monitoring of the site
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (2009)
    Peru
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Lack of systematic monitoring of the site
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2013)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2012)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2011)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2009)
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lorentz National Park (2013)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Ground transport infrastructure Housing Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Lorentz National Park (2011)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Housing Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Lorentz National Park (2010)
    Indonesia
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Fishing/collecting aquatic resources High impact research / monitoring activities Housing Mining
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2013)
    Colombia
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2012)
    Colombia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2011)
    Colombia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Ground transport infrastructure Illegal activities Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2010)
    Colombia
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Los Katíos National Park (2009)
    Colombia
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Civil unrest Ground transport infrastructure Ground water pollution Illegal activities Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Major linear utilities Management systems/ management plan Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Lower Valley of the Omo (2013)
    Ethiopia
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Erosion and siltation/ deposition Housing Industrial areas Land conversion
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2012)
    Nepal
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Interpretative and visitation facilities Legal framework Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2011)
    Nepal
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2009)
    Nepal
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: b) Impact on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity of the property by the Maya Devi Temple constructed in 2002
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Macquarie Island (2013)
    Australia
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Illegal activities Invasive/alien terrestrial species
     Read

  • Macquarie Island (2010)
    Australia
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Invasive/alien terrestrial species
     Read

  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (2012)
    Andorra
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (2010)
    Andorra
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2012)
    India
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Loss of character of the cultural landscape directly associated with the property and its outstanding universal value
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses
     Read

  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2010)
    India
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: b) Loss of character of the cultural landscape directly associated with the property and its outstanding universal value;
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (2011)
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Mining
     Read

  • Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (2010)
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Mining
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2012)
    India
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Crop production Financial resources Human resources Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2011)
    India
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Crop production Financial resources Illegal activities Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2010)
    India
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Illegal activities
     Read

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2009)
    India
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Forced evacuation of Park staff
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Crop production Illegal activities
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2013)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2012)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2011)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2010)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (2009)
    Central African Republic
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Financial resources Human resources Illegal activities Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Mining
     Read

  • Manú National Park (2011)
    Peru
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Financial resources Ground transport infrastructure Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Management systems/ management plan Oil and gas
     Read

  • Manú National Park (2010)
    Peru
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Oil and gas
     Read

  • Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2013)
    South Africa
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2012)
    South Africa
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2011)
    South Africa
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Industrial areas Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2010)
    South Africa
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan  (2013)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi (2013)
    Kazakhstan
    Year: 2013
    Other Threats: Construction of a new mosque
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2013)
    Honduras
    Year: 2013
    Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2012)
    Honduras
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2011)
    Honduras
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: b) Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Maya Site of Copan (2009)
    Honduras
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air transport infrastructure High impact research / monitoring activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2013)
    Serbia
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2012)
    Serbia
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2011)
    Serbia
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add,WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add.Corr
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2010)
    Serbia
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2009)
    Serbia
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Add,WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Add.Corr
    Threats*:Civil unrest Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2013)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2012)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2010)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Commercial development Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan (2009)
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Commercial development Housing Underground transport infrastructure
     Read

  • Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca (2013)
    Malaysia
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca (2011)
    Malaysia
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Housing
     Read

  • Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca (2009)
    Malaysia
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Housing Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2013)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest High impact research / monitoring activities Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2012)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest High impact research / monitoring activities Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2011)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest High impact research / monitoring activities Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2010)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Civil unrest Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (2009)
    Afghanistan
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A
    Threats*:Civil unrest Deliberate destruction of heritage Illegal activities Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (2011)
    Mexico
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (2010)
    Mexico
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion
     Read

  • Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (2012)
    France
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Renewable energy facilities Storms
     Read

  • Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (2011)
    France
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Interpretative and visitation facilities Renewable energy facilities Storms
     Read

  • Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (2010)
    France
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Renewable energy facilities
     Read

  • Monte San Giorgio (2013)
    Italy
    Switzerland
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (2012)
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Drought Housing Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive/alien terrestrial species Management systems/ management plan Surface water pollution
     Read

  • Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (2010)
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Air pollution Drought Housing Invasive/alien terrestrial species Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Surface water pollution Water (extraction) Water infrastructure
     Read

  • Mount Athos (2012)
    Greece
    Year: 2012
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Earthquake Forestry /wood production Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Athos (2010)
    Greece
    Year: 2010
    Other Threats: Fire
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Forestry /wood production Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (2013)
    Kenya
    Year: 2013
    Other Threats: Community-wildlife conflit
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (2011)
    Kenya
    Year: 2011
    Other Threats: community-wildlife conflit
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Fire (widlfires) Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (2009)
    Kenya
    Year: 2009
    Other Threats: Community-wildlife conflict
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Illegal activities Land conversion
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2013)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2013
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2012)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2012
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2011)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2011
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7A
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2010)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2010
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7A
    Threats*:Financial resources Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (2009)
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Guinea
    Year: 2009
    Danger List: Yes
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Add
    Threats*:Financial resources Forestry /wood production Human resources Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Land conversion Management systems/ management plan Mining
     Read

  • National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (2013)
    Haiti
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (2012)
    Haiti
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (2011)
    Haiti
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (2010)
    Haiti
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Deliberate destruction of heritage Earthquake Management systems/ management plan Water (rain/water table)
     Read

  • Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (2012)
    Montenegro
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (2009)
    Montenegro
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Earthquake Ground transport infrastructure Housing Legal framework Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve (2012)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve (2009)
    Russian Federation
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B
    Threats*:Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük (2013)
    Turkey
    Year: 2013
    Document Source: WHC-13/37.COM/7B
    Threats*:Financial resources Management systems/ management plan
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2012)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2012
    Document Source: WHC-12/36.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive/alien terrestrial species Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2011)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2011
    Document Source: WHC-11/35.COM/7B
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive / alien freshwater species Land conversion
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2010)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2010
    Document Source: WHC-10/34.COM/7B
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Land conversion
     Read

  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area (2009)
    Tanzania, United Republic of
    Year: 2009
    Document Source: WHC-09/33.COM/7B.Add
    Threats*:Crop production Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Illegal activities Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Invasive / alien freshwater species Land conversion Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
     Read

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Threats
Management systems/ management plan(518) Housing(293) Illegal activities(199) Ground transport infrastructure(126) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(117) Management activities(114) Land conversion(110) Legal framework(98) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(92) Mining(89) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(76) Financial resources(74) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(72) Human resources(71) Deliberate destruction of heritage(70) Civil unrest(64) Water infrastructure(63) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(47) Water (rain/water table)(45) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(42) Oil and gas(41) War(40) Marine transport infrastructure(36) Governance(34) Interpretative and visitation facilities(32) Solid waste(31) Surface water pollution(28) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(28) Flooding(25) Earthquake(23) Commercial development(19) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(19) Fire (widlfires)(19) Crop production(18) Forestry /wood production(17) Major linear utilities(16) Storms(16) High impact research / monitoring activities(15) Underground transport infrastructure(14) Water (extraction) (13) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(12) Industrial areas(11) Commercial hunting(11) Wind(11) Invasive / alien freshwater species(11) Air transport infrastructure(10) Relative humidity(10) Society's valuing of heritage(10) Other climate change impacts(10) Renewable energy facilities(9) Air pollution(8) Pollution of marine waters(8) Drought(8) Temperature change(8) Localised utilities(7) Ground water pollution(7) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(7) Avalanche/ landslide(7) Non-renewable energy facilities(6) Input of excess energy(6) Subsistence hunting(6) Invasive / alien marine species(6) Translocated species(6) Micro-organisms(5) Quarrying(3) Changes to oceanic waters(3) Temperature(2) Desertification(2) Volcanic eruption(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(1) Hyper-abundant species(1)


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.