State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (705) Housing (398) Illegal activities (281) Ground transport infrastructure (185) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (179) Management activities (169) Land conversion (165) Legal framework (141) Mining (130) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (126) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (105) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (99) Financial resources (99) Human resources (98) Civil unrest (94) Water infrastructure (92) Deliberate destruction of heritage (90) War (70) Water (rain/water table) (60) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (59) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (59) Oil and gas (56) Marine transport infrastructure (50) Governance (50) Interpretative and visitation facilities (48) Surface water pollution (47) Solid waste (43) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (40) Flooding (36) Storms (29) Commercial development (28) Major linear utilities (27) Crop production (27) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (27) Earthquake (27) Fire (widlfires) (27) Forestry /wood production (25) Water (extraction) (20) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (20) High impact research / monitoring activities (19) Renewable energy facilities (18) Other climate change impacts (18) Underground transport infrastructure (17) Invasive / alien freshwater species (16) Ground water pollution (15) Commercial hunting (15) Industrial areas (14) Wind (14) Air transport infrastructure (13) Non-renewable energy facilities (13) Air pollution (12) Drought (12) Relative humidity (11) Society's valuing of heritage (11) Localised utilities (10) Temperature change (10) Subsistence hunting (9) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (9) Changes to oceanic waters (9) Invasive / alien marine species (9) Avalanche/ landslide (8) Translocated species (8) Input of excess energy (7) Pollution of marine waters (7) Quarrying (7) Micro-organisms (6) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (3) Temperature (2) Desertification (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).