State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (973) Housing (550) Illegal activities (382) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (264) Ground transport infrastructure (248) Management activities (204) Land conversion (193) Legal framework (179) Mining (160) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (153) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (153) Financial resources (151) Human resources (139) Civil unrest (126) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (122) Water infrastructure (121) Deliberate destruction of heritage (121) Water (rain/water table) (86) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (83) War (79) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (75) Solid waste (68) Oil and gas (68) Interpretative and visitation facilities (66) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (57) Governance (55) Surface water pollution (54) Marine transport infrastructure (53) Crop production (53) Flooding (48) Earthquake (43) Commercial development (42) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (41) Forestry /wood production (39) Major linear utilities (34) Fire (widlfires) (32) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (27) Storms (26) Water (extraction) (25) Invasive / alien freshwater species (25) High impact research / monitoring activities (24) Wind (22) Underground transport infrastructure (19) Renewable energy facilities (19) Air pollution (18) Relative humidity (18) Air transport infrastructure (17) Drought (17) Commercial hunting (16) Industrial areas (15) Ground water pollution (15) Pollution of marine waters (15) Society's valuing of heritage (15) Localised utilities (13) Input of excess energy (13) Other climate change impacts (12) Temperature change (12) Subsistence hunting (11) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (11) Avalanche/ landslide (11) Non-renewable energy facilities (10) Translocated species (10) Quarrying (8) Micro-organisms (7) Invasive / alien marine species (7) Temperature (5) Changes to oceanic waters (4) Desertification (4) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (3) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Military training (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).