State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Benin Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Cyprus Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (100) Housing (47) Illegal activities (44) Ground transport infrastructure (32) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (29) Financial resources (26) Legal framework (26) Human resources (21) Water (rain/water table) (17) Civil unrest (15) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (13) Management activities (13) Deliberate destruction of heritage (12) Commercial development (11) Land conversion (11) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (10) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (10) Mining (9) Interpretative and visitation facilities (8) Solid waste (8) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (8) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (7) Water infrastructure (7) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (7) Major linear utilities (6) War (6) Marine transport infrastructure (5) Input of excess energy (5) Oil and gas (5) Surface water pollution (4) Relative humidity (4) Earthquake (4) High impact research / monitoring activities (4) Underground transport infrastructure (3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Avalanche/ landslide (3) Governance (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Renewable energy facilities (2) Air pollution (2) Ground water pollution (2) Commercial hunting (2) Crop production (2) Forestry /wood production (2) Water (extraction) (2) Micro-organisms (2) Wind (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Flooding (2) Storms (2) Temperature change (2) Fire (widlfires) (2) Invasive / alien freshwater species (2) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (2) Localised utilities (1) Pollution of marine waters (1) Subsistence hunting (1) Quarrying (1) Temperature (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).