State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czechia Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1280) Housing (694) Illegal activities (507) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (350) Ground transport infrastructure (340) Management activities (267) Land conversion (259) Legal framework (254) Mining (211) Financial resources (201) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (197) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (193) Human resources (187) Civil unrest (173) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (161) Water infrastructure (160) Deliberate destruction of heritage (152) Water (rain/water table) (117) War (116) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (107) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (100) Interpretative and visitation facilities (92) Solid waste (89) Oil and gas (87) Governance (79) Surface water pollution (77) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (75) Marine transport infrastructure (72) Commercial development (62) Crop production (61) Flooding (61) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (59) Earthquake (52) Forestry /wood production (51) Major linear utilities (49) Fire (widlfires) (42) Storms (39) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (37) Underground transport infrastructure (34) High impact research / monitoring activities (33) Renewable energy facilities (32) Water (extraction) (32) Invasive / alien freshwater species (32) Wind (27) Ground water pollution (25) Air transport infrastructure (24) Relative humidity (24) Air pollution (23) Commercial hunting (22) Society's valuing of heritage (22) Other climate change impacts (21) Industrial areas (20) Drought (20) Input of excess energy (19) Localised utilities (18) Subsistence hunting (15) Temperature change (15) Avalanche/ landslide (15) Non-renewable energy facilities (14) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (14) Pollution of marine waters (13) Quarrying (13) Translocated species (12) Invasive / alien marine species (11) Micro-organisms (10) Changes to oceanic waters (10) Temperature (6) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (6) Desertification (5) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Military training (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).