State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1265) Housing (684) Illegal activities (495) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (348) Ground transport infrastructure (333) Management activities (259) Land conversion (251) Legal framework (248) Financial resources (210) Human resources (200) Mining (199) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (199) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (181) Civil unrest (168) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (154) Deliberate destruction of heritage (151) Water infrastructure (148) Water (rain/water table) (122) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (103) War (102) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (95) Interpretative and visitation facilities (92) Oil and gas (86) Solid waste (85) Commercial development (73) Surface water pollution (70) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (70) Governance (69) Marine transport infrastructure (67) Crop production (61) Flooding (60) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (57) Major linear utilities (52) Forestry /wood production (52) Earthquake (51) Fire (widlfires) (41) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (35) Storms (34) Invasive / alien freshwater species (32) Water (extraction) (30) High impact research / monitoring activities (30) Underground transport infrastructure (28) Renewable energy facilities (27) Relative humidity (26) Wind (26) Air transport infrastructure (23) Air pollution (23) Commercial hunting (23) Input of excess energy (21) Industrial areas (20) Society's valuing of heritage (20) Ground water pollution (19) Drought (19) Avalanche/ landslide (19) Pollution of marine waters (18) Subsistence hunting (18) Localised utilities (16) Temperature change (15) Other climate change impacts (14) Non-renewable energy facilities (13) Quarrying (13) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (13) Translocated species (11) Micro-organisms (10) Invasive / alien marine species (10) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (8) Temperature (6) Changes to oceanic waters (5) Desertification (5) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Volcanic eruption (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Military training (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).