State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1623) Housing (802) Illegal activities (622) Ground transport infrastructure (463) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (453) Management activities (350) Land conversion (312) Legal framework (295) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (276) Financial resources (273) Mining (267) Human resources (231) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (213) Civil unrest (196) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (185) Water infrastructure (177) Deliberate destruction of heritage (171) Water (rain/water table) (156) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (129) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (115) Interpretative and visitation facilities (114) War (114) Oil and gas (109) Solid waste (105) Surface water pollution (101) Commercial development (92) Marine transport infrastructure (88) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (86) Forestry /wood production (80) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (78) Major linear utilities (72) Storms (72) Flooding (71) Governance (71) Crop production (70) Earthquake (66) Fire (widlfires) (58) Relative humidity (43) Water (extraction) (40) Invasive / alien freshwater species (40) Air pollution (38) High impact research / monitoring activities (37) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (36) Renewable energy facilities (35) Wind (31) Underground transport infrastructure (29) Society's valuing of heritage (29) Industrial areas (28) Commercial hunting (28) Input of excess energy (27) Localised utilities (26) Air transport infrastructure (25) Subsistence hunting (25) Ground water pollution (22) Avalanche/ landslide (22) Other climate change impacts (21) Quarrying (20) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (20) Drought (19) Pollution of marine waters (18) Invasive / alien marine species (16) Temperature change (15) Non-renewable energy facilities (13) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (13) Translocated species (11) Micro-organisms (10) Temperature (9) Volcanic eruption (9) Desertification (8) Changes to oceanic waters (5) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Subsistence wild plant collection (2) Military training (2) Terrorism (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).