State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Cambodia Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Cuba Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lithuania Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(96) Housing(58) Illegal activities(35) Ground transport infrastructure(28) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(24) Management activities(20) Land conversion(17) Financial resources(17) Legal framework(15) Deliberate destruction of heritage(14) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(13) Mining(13) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(13) Civil unrest(13) Water infrastructure(12) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(12) Human resources(11) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(10) Water (rain/water table)(8) Solid waste(7) Surface water pollution(7) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(7) Commercial development(6) Interpretative and visitation facilities(6) Marine transport infrastructure(6) Oil and gas(6) War(6) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(5) Forestry /wood production(5) Flooding(5) Governance(5) Earthquake(4) Major linear utilities(3) Input of excess energy(3) Crop production(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(3) High impact research / monitoring activities(3) Underground transport infrastructure(2) Renewable energy facilities(2) Air pollution(2) Ground water pollution(2) Water (extraction) (2) Relative humidity(2) Storms(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Invasive / alien freshwater species(2) Air transport infrastructure(1) Localised utilities(1) Non-renewable energy facilities(1) Quarrying(1) Micro-organisms(1) Wind(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Society's valuing of heritage(1) Drought(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Tsunami/tidal wave(1) Translocated species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).